[{"ID":"9","group_ID":"2","category":",6,4,1,","titel":"How to lay laminate flooring","vraag":"Laying laminate flooring","omschrijving":"

Laminate flooring is a quick and easy way to give your living room, kitchen or bedroom a new look. You can get started straight away with these instructions and tips.<\/p> ","gereedschap":["fine-toothed saw","hammer","try square","pull bar","tapping block","carpenter\u2019s ruler or tape measure","pencil","spacer blocks","floor underlay ","moisture-proof plastic sheet ","electrical saw ","electrical drill\/driver"],"positie":0,"introductie_image":"","introductie_image_title":"Laying laminate flooring","meta_title":"How to lay laminate flooring","meta_description":"Laminate flooring is an easy way to give your living room, kitchen or bedroom a new look. You can get started straight away with these instructions and tips. ","meta_keywords":"flooring, laminate, plinths, planks, how to","small_header_image":"","afbeelding_header":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/laying_laminate_flooring.jpg","afbeelding_header_title":"How to lay laminate flooring","afbeelding_overzicht":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/laying_laminate_flooring_cat.jpg","afbeelding_overzicht_title":"How to lay laminate flooring","gerelateerde_stappenplannen":",4,29,","gerelateerde_klustips":",32,36,4,","forceer_homepage":"nee","hits":"9","stap":[{"ID":"2","group_ID":"9","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Laminate_1.png","afbeelding_title":"How to lay laminate flooring - Lay the moisture-proof plastic sheet ","titel":"Lay the moisture-proof plastic sheet ","bericht":"

By first laying a moisture-proof plastic sheet you will protect your floor against the effects of damp. This is definitely advisable when laying laminate on top of a new concrete floor.

Click the laminate into place<\/strong>
Lay the first row of planks, starting at the left side with the groove along the wall. Tilt the end of the laminate upwards slightly and click it into place.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":0,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"3","group_ID":"9","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Laminate_2.png","afbeelding_title":"How to lay laminate flooring - Is the first row of planks straight? ","titel":"Is the first row of planks straight? ","bericht":"

Check that the first row of planks is straight. If there are any differences in the gap between the planks and the wall, you can correct these if necessary with spacer blocks or wedges.<\/p> ","tip":"Allow some extra laminate in case a part of the floor becomes damaged. Then you will be able to repair it quickly. The best direction in which to lay laminate flooring is in line with the direction of light entry (windows). Because of possible color differences, it\u2019s advisable to mix laminate from different packages.","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":1,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"119","group_ID":"9","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Laminate_3_4.png","afbeelding_title":"How to lay laminate flooring - Use a pull bar","titel":"Use a pull bar","bericht":"

Click the ends of the planks together securely and tap them carefully into place with a tapping block. Where there isn’t enough space to do this at the end of a row of planks, use the pull bar to click the last plank into place.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":2,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"120","group_ID":"9","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Laminate_5_6.png","afbeelding_title":"How to lay laminate flooring - Cutting the planks to length","titel":"Cutting the planks to length","bericht":"

If you use a fine-toothed hand saw, lay the plank with the top surface facing upwards.
If you use a jigsaw or circular saw, lay the plank with the top surface facing downwards.<\/p> ","tip":"Special saw blades are available for laminate. These have reversed teeth so that you can cut the laminate with the top surface facing upwards (instead of upside-down), and the rough edge will then be on the bottom surface.","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":3,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"121","group_ID":"9","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Laminate_7.png","afbeelding_title":"How to lay laminate flooring - Place spacer blocks","titel":"Place spacer blocks","bericht":"

Laminate flooring can shrink or expand because of variations in room temperature and humidity. To allow for this, keep a gap of about 8 mm at all sides of the floor. By using 2 spacer blocks or wedges, you can easily adjust this gap to match every wall.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":4,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"122","group_ID":"9","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Laminate_8.png","afbeelding_title":"How to lay laminate flooring - Clicking the next row of planks into place","titel":"Clicking the next row of planks into place","bericht":"

Start the next row of planks with the remaining piece from the previous row. This should be longer than 40 cm. For the best appearance of the finished floor, make sure all the remaining pieces are the same length – this gives a regular pattern and minimizes waste. Or for a more informal effect, you can make the pattern irregular.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":5,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"123","group_ID":"9","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Laminate_9.png","afbeelding_title":"How to lay laminate flooring - Lay several planks at the same time","titel":"Lay several planks at the same time","bericht":"

After you’ve laid around 8 rows of planks, the floor will be joined together strongly enough to allow you to lay a row of several planks together. Tilt the whole row upwards slightly and then click the planks into the previous row. It’s easier to do this if someone else helps you.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":6,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"124","group_ID":"9","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Laminate_10.png","afbeelding_title":"How to lay laminate flooring - Laying the last row of planks","titel":"Laying the last row of planks","bericht":"

When you lay the last row of planks you will probably have to saw the planks lengthways. The easiest way to do this is to place the last plank exactly on top of the next-to-last row with the top surface facing downwards. Then put the 8 mm spacer blocks into position along the wall, place a new plank against the spacer blocks and use the edge of this plank to mark off the cutting line on the underside of the last plank below it. Then you can saw the plank to the right width. Make sure the groove is on the right side.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":7,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"125","group_ID":"9","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Laminate_11.png","afbeelding_title":"How to lay laminate flooring - Related jobs Fitting finishing profiles","titel":"Related jobs Fitting finishing profiles","bericht":"

You can use special finishing profiles for the threshold between laminate flooring and other kinds of floor covering such as carpet or vinyl. First fit the fixing rail on the floor and then click the plinth into place on top of it. You can also buy strips that fit directly onto the floor, but then the fixing screws will be visible. Special rosettes are available in matching colors to cover the holes for central heating pipes.<\/p>","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":128,"extra_tips":"ja"},{"ID":"126","group_ID":"9","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Laminate_12.png","afbeelding_title":"How to lay laminate flooring - Laying plinths Fixing plinths with clips or adhesive","titel":"Laying plinths Fixing plinths with clips or adhesive","bericht":"

You can fix the plinths with construction adhesive, or with clips if you are using hollow plinths. Hollow plinths can be used to conceal internet or power cables.<\/p>","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":186,"extra_tips":"ja"},{"ID":"127","group_ID":"9","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Laminate_13.png","afbeelding_title":"How to lay laminate flooring - Laying plinths Cutting plinths to length at an angle ","titel":"Laying plinths Cutting plinths to length at an angle ","bericht":"

You can use a miter saw to cut plinths to length cleanly at an angle of exactly 45\u00b0. You can also use a hand saw in combination with a miter box. Of course you can also saw the plinths off at 90\u00b0 and finish the ends with PVC caps in a matching color.<\/p>","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":187,"extra_tips":"ja"},{"ID":"128","group_ID":"9","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Laminate_14_1.png","afbeelding_title":"How to lay laminate flooring - Extra tips Laying laminate flooring under the door frame","titel":"Extra tips Laying laminate flooring under the door frame","bericht":"

If you have undercut the door frame to allow the laminate flooring to be pushed underneath it, you won\u2019t be able to tilt the laminate to click it together with the next plank. You can solve this problem by sanding away the raised part of the protruding click-fit tongue (see second illustration below). Then you can push the tongue into the corresponding groove without the need to \u2018tilt and click\u2019. <\/p>","tip":"Check that you\u2019ll still be able to open the doors after laying laminate flooring, and that the door frames have enough space underneath them to push the laminate under. If necessary you may have to trim the bottom of the door and undercut the door frames. ","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":188,"extra_tips":"ja"},{"ID":"188","group_ID":"9","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Laminate_15.png","afbeelding_title":"How to lay laminate flooring - ","titel":"","bericht":"


If you have to saw angled cuts or long lengths of material, special saw guide systems are available to help you work conveniently and accurately.<\/p> ","tool_tip":"Skil offers an unique and easy to use guide rail system, for cutting perfect straight lines. The Skil guide rail is a modular system that can easily be transformed to the required size, by simply clicking the individual parts together.","conversie":",1197,","tip_afbeelding":""}],"tooltips":[]},{"ID":"14","group_ID":"1","category":",11,10,2,6,4,1,","titel":"How to fit a curtain rail","vraag":"Hanging a curtain rail","omschrijving":"

Curtains in your living room or bedroom provide privacy and keep the light out. They also cut down outside noise and help to keep out the cold (or the heat). The most common way to hang curtains is by using a metal or aluminium rail fixed to the wall or ceiling with brackets.<\/p> ","gereedschap":["hammer drill","wood or masonry drill (6 mm)","spirit level","hobby knife","hacksaw","awl","try square","screwdriver","tape measure ","file"],"positie":0,"introductie_image":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Rolgordijn_9F_2.png","introductie_image_title":"Hanging a curtain rail","meta_title":"How to fit a curtain rail","meta_description":"The most common way to hang curtains is by using a metal or aluminium rail fixed to the wall or ceiling with brackets, do it yourself via DIY 4 beginners. ","meta_keywords":"rail, hanging, curtain, curtains, rails, curtain rails, curtan rail, window, how to","small_header_image":"","afbeelding_header":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/hanging_a_curtain_rail_1.jpg","afbeelding_header_title":"How to fit a curtain rail","afbeelding_overzicht":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/hanging_a_curtain_rail_cat_1.jpg","afbeelding_overzicht_title":"How to fit a curtain rail","gerelateerde_stappenplannen":",52,28,18,","gerelateerde_klustips":",17,16,","forceer_homepage":"nee","hits":"18","stap":[{"ID":"7","group_ID":"14","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Gordijnrail_1.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit a curtain rail - Choosing the right place","titel":"Choosing the right place","bericht":"

Depending on the available space and your own preference, there are different ways to fit the curtain rail in front of the window.

A. On the window frame
The angle brackets are fitted to the window frame.

B. Inside the window frame
The mounting brackets are fitted inside the window frame, in front of the glass.

C. On the wall
The angle brackets are fitted against the wall, above the window.

D. From wall to wall
The angle brackets are fitted against the wall or ceiling, across the full width of the wall. With this mounting method you can hang the curtain so it covers the entire wall.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":7,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"8","group_ID":"14","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Gordijnrail_2.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit a curtain rail - What types of rails are available?","titel":"What types of rails are available?","bericht":"

You can get different types of rails, brackets and runners based on two systems, in the same order as the illustrations;

Steel U-rail
The rollers and end-stops slide into the U profile, so they are less visible.

The rollers and end-stops slide onto the lower edge of the I-profile, so they are visible from the outside.

Aluminium U-rail
The gliders and end-stops slide into the U-profile, so they are less visible.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":8,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"9","group_ID":"14","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Gordijnrail_3.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit a curtain rail - Measuring the rail length","titel":"Measuring the rail length","bericht":"

To keep the curtains away from the window when they are open, you should add about 20 cm at each side. That means the rail is 40 cm longer than the width of the window, including the window frames. Fit the outer brackets at 10 cm from the ends of the rail, and use one bracket every 50 cm. This gives an attractive spacing and stops the rail from bending when the curtains are fitted.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":9,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"10","group_ID":"14","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Gordijnrail_4.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit a curtain rail - Saw the rail to size","titel":"Saw the rail to size","bericht":"

Saw the curtain rail to the right size with the flat side facing upwards.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":10,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"11","group_ID":"14","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Rolgordijn_5F.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit a curtain rail - Gap between the rail and the wall","titel":"Gap between the rail and the wall","bericht":"

Fit the rail so the curtain hangs freely, with a gap of 7 cm between the curtain and the wall. If you use a double rail, for example for extra outer curtains, then add another 5 cm on top of the 7 cm.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":11,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"12","group_ID":"14","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Gordijnrail_6.png","afbeelding_title":"Hanging a curtain rail - Mounting the rail brackets against the window frame or wall","titel":"Mounting the rail brackets against the window frame or wall","bericht":"

Measure out the position of the first bracket, mark the holes and pre-drill them with a thin wood drill (if you are fitting the brackets to the window frame). If you are fitting the brackets to a masonry wall, use a 6 mm masonry drill with wall plugs. Then mount the first bracket, but leave the screws loose. Insert the rail in the bracket and position it horizontally using a spirit level. Now mark out the position of the second bracket. Make sure the brackets at the left and right sides are at the same distance from the window frame.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":12,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"13","group_ID":"14","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Gordijnrail_7.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit a curtain rail - Mounting the rail brackets against the ceiling","titel":"Mounting the rail brackets against the ceiling","bericht":"

Measure the center of the window frame and mark out the center of the rail on the ceiling (using a try square). From that point on the ceiling, measure the positions of the brackets at the left and right sides. Make sure there is a big enough gap between the bracket and the window so you can open and close the curtains freely. Special ceiling brackets are available for use with double curtain rails.<\/p> ","tip":"Ceilings can also be made of hollow panels or plasterboard, for which you\u2019ll need to use special toggle or butterfly plugs. See also the article \u2018Step by Step working with wall plugs<\/a>\u2019.","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":13,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"14","group_ID":"14","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Rolgordijn_8F.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit a curtain rail - Runners, rollers, gliders and hooks","titel":"Runners, rollers, gliders and hooks","bericht":"

The curtain is hooked into the runners, rollers or gliders (see rail types). Different types of runners, rollers and gliders are available, but they all work in the same way. You pass one of the hooks through the hole in the curtain tape, tilt it forwards and slide it into or onto the runner. Then you screw end-stops onto the ends of the rail. These prevent the rollers from slipping out of the ends of the rail, and are available in different types to fit the rail you are using.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":14,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"15","group_ID":"14","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Rolgordijn_9F.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit a curtain rail - Fitting a pelmet","titel":"Fitting a pelmet","bericht":"

If you want to hide the top of the curtains from view, you can fit a pelmet or valance. If the pelmet is not too heavy you can fit it to the rail brackets using small additional supports or brackets. You can finish the ends of the pelmet neatly by folding or bending them back towards the wall.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":15,"extra_tips":"nee"}],"tip":[{"ID":"17","group_ID":"stepbystep_14","tip":"

It's best to use a hammer if you have to drill into a concrete wall or ceiling. <\/p>","tool_tip":"Skil offers powerful pneumatic hammers at an affordable price.","conversie":",1198,","tip_afbeelding":""}],"tooltips":[]},{"ID":"1","group_ID":"3","category":",15,7,","titel":"How to wallpaper","vraag":"Wallpapering","omschrijving":"

Wallpapering is a great way to quickly give your home a new look. The most important thing is to be creative. Wallpaper is available in many different colors and patterns, and in different grades.<\/p>

Attention points<\/strong>
You’ll get the best results on a smooth, flat surface so the wallpaper paste can bind strongly. If the wall has just been built and plastered, let it dry well first and then treat it with primer. This will prevent the water in the paste from being absorbed by the plaster. Repair any cracks or damage with filler, and sand irregularities smooth. <\/p> ","gereedschap":["putty knife","wallpapering brush","paste brush","large pasting table","hobby knife","plumbline","scissors","edge roller","step ladder ","bucket","also a wallpaper steamer if required"],"positie":0,"introductie_image":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Behang_5_1.png","introductie_image_title":"Wallpapering","meta_title":"How to wallpaper","meta_description":"Wallpapering is a great way to quickly give your home a new look. Wallpaper is available in many different colors and patterns, and in different grades.","meta_keywords":"wallpapering, wallpaper, how to","small_header_image":"","afbeelding_header":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/wallpapering.jpg","afbeelding_header_title":"How to wallpaper","afbeelding_overzicht":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/wallpapering_cat.jpg","afbeelding_overzicht_title":"How to wallpaper","gerelateerde_stappenplannen":",23,3,","gerelateerde_klustips":",27,39,","forceer_homepage":"nee","hits":"2","stap":[{"ID":"46","group_ID":"1","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Behang_1_1.png","afbeelding_title":"How to wallpaper - Work out the required number of rolls","titel":"Work out the required number of rolls","bericht":"

For example:
Each roll is an average of 10 meters long (1000 cm) and 53 cm wide.

If your room isn’t higher than 3 meters (300 cm), you’ll be able to apply 3 vertical runs from one roll. That may be less if the paper has a specific pattern, because this has to be matched from one run to the next. Measure the widths of all the walls and add these together. If you have high windows and doors, subtract their widths from that of the wallpaper to find the width you still need. The width of a roll is 53 cm, so divide the total width by 53 to get the required number of vertical runs.
Then divide the result by 3, because you get 3 runs out of one roll. Now you know the minimum number of rolls you need. For example, if you have a combined wall width of 4 x 600 cm or 2400 cm and a height of 265 cm, you’ll need 16 rolls (2400:53:3=15.1 or rounded-up 16 rolls).<\/p> ","tip":"Make sure all the rolls you buy have the same color code, as there can be slight color differences between rolls that appear to be the same.","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":46,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"47","group_ID":"1","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Behang_2.png","afbeelding_title":"How to wallpaper - Choose the right kind of paste","titel":"Choose the right kind of paste","bericht":"

Different kinds of wallpaper paste are available, depending on the thickness and material of the paper. The most commonly used kind of paste is universal, powder-based wallpaper paste. Mix and stir well to make sure the paste is smooth with no lumps. Allow to stand for 10 minutes before use. For vinyl, textile and fiberglass papers you need to use special ready mixed paste with an adhesive spreader.<\/p> ","tip":"You can also get ready-mixed wallpaper paste. It\u2019s even possible to get adhesive backed wallpaper, which you place in a tray of water and can then apply to the wall after a few minutes. ","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":47,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"48","group_ID":"1","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Behang_3.png","afbeelding_title":"How to wallpaper - Allow extra length at the top and bottom","titel":"Allow extra length at the top and bottom","bericht":"

When you’re cutting the wallpaper to length, allow a margin of 5 cm at the top and bottom. You’ll need a bigger margin if the wallpaper has a pattern that has to be matched from one run to the next. Also note if the paper has to be hung in a specific direction – you don’t want flowers that are facing downwards!<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":48,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"49","group_ID":"1","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Behang_4.png","afbeelding_title":"How to wallpaper - Applying the paste","titel":"Applying the paste","bericht":"

Place the run of wallpaper on a clean pasting table with the printed side facing downwards. Apply the paste with the paste brush, fold half of the pasted part over towards the center and lay the paper on the floor. Leave the paste to bond with the paper, and while you’re waiting you can place the next run of wallpaper on the table.<\/p> ","tip":"Keep the time you take to apply the paste as far as possible the same to allow for stretching of the paper","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":49,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"50","group_ID":"1","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Behang_5.png","afbeelding_title":"How to wallpaper - Hanging the first run","titel":"Hanging the first run","bericht":"

Walls and window frames aren’t always exactly vertical. Use a plumbline (a weight hanging from a length of string) to check if that’s the case. The best way to start hanging wallpaper is at a door or window frame with an overlap of 3 cm over the frame.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":50,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"51","group_ID":"1","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Behang_6.png","afbeelding_title":"How to wallpaper - Hanging the wallpaper","titel":"Hanging the wallpaper","bericht":"

Fold the top part of the run of pasted wallpaper open and hang it with an overlap of 5 cm at the ceiling. Smooth the wallpaper out carefully against the wall with a clean wallpaper brush. Press the wallpaper into place, working outwards from the center to the edges. Use the back edge of the blade of a pair of scissors to press the paper into the line between wall and ceiling, creating a fold in the paper.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":51,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"52","group_ID":"1","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Behang_7.png","afbeelding_title":"How to wallpaper - Trim off the excess wallpaper","titel":"Trim off the excess wallpaper","bericht":"

Carefully pull the top part of the wallpaper away from the wall and trim off the excess along the fold line with the scissors. Or you can place a strip of wood in the corner and cut the wallpaper off along it with a hobby knife. It’s easier to do this if you let the paste dry for a while.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":52,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"53","group_ID":"1","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Behang_8.png","afbeelding_title":"How to wallpaper - Finishing at door and window frames","titel":"Finishing at door and window frames","bericht":"

Cut into the excess wallpaper at the door and window frames at an angle of 45°. Use the back edge of the blade of the scissors again to press the paper against the edge of the door or window frame, creating a fold in the paper. Then you can trim the wallpaper along this line.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":53,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"55","group_ID":"1","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Behang_9_1.png","afbeelding_title":"How to wallpaper - Hanging the following runs","titel":"Hanging the following runs","bericht":"

It’s best to hang the runs of wallpaper edge-to-edge without overlap. Then press the joins into place with a clean cloth or a wallpaper roller. Remove paste residues carefully with a damp sponge.

Hanging in the corner<\/strong>
In a corner of the room it’s easier to hang the wallpaper if it just reaches 1 cm around the corner. Cut the wallpaper lengthways and press it firmly into the corner. Then hang the other half of the run of wallpaper, or a new run, directly over the 1 cm overlap in the corner.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":55,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"56","group_ID":"1","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Behang_10_2.png","afbeelding_title":"How to wallpaper - Hanging around wall outlets and switches","titel":"Hanging around wall outlets and switches","bericht":"

First switch off the electricity at the mains and then remove the cover plate of the outlet or switch. You can then hang the wallpaper straight over the top of the outlet or switch. Then use the scissors to cut out the required opening, working from the center to the corners. Cut the resulting flap off in a straight line to uncover the outlet or switch. Then fit the cover plate back in place.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":56,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"57","group_ID":"1","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Behang_11_12.png","afbeelding_title":"How to wallpaper - Hanging around radiators","titel":"Hanging around radiators","bericht":"

It’s always difficult to hang wallpaper behind radiators. It’s best to cut lengthways into the paper to the place where the water pipes come out of the wall. Then cut off the run of wallpaper over the total height of the radiator. Then you can press the rest of the wallpaper run against the wall with a broom handle around which you’ve wrapped a piece of cloth, or with a clean paint roller. Alternatively you can unfasten the radiator from the wall and support it with a block of wood or a few books. Take care that you don’t twist the pipes and joints too much so that they start to leak.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":57,"extra_tips":"nee"}],"tip":[{"ID":"11","group_ID":"stepbystep_1","tip":"

If there are still some bubbles left in the wallpaper after hanging, you can pierce them with a pin and squeeze the air or paste out of them. If the bubbles are large you can make a small cut into them, and then carefully squeeze the air or paste out using a clean cloth.<\/p> ","tool_tip":"","conversie":",,","tip_afbeelding":""}],"tooltips":[]},{"ID":"7","group_ID":"2","category":",14,5,","titel":"How to build a log store","vraag":"Building a log store","omschrijving":"

If you have an open hearth or a wood-burning stove, you’ll also need a stock of firewood. This needs to be dried before you can use it, and the best way to do that is outdoors in the open air. To protect the wood from rain and keep it dry, it’s a good idea to build a log store.<\/p>

Attention points<\/strong><\/p>

The best material to use for a firewood store is treated pine or larch with FSC (Forest Stewardship Council) approval. No further wood treatment is necessary, thanks to the environment-friendly impregnation method. The only things that need extra protection against rotting are the wooden posts that have to be sunk into the ground. The size of the posts and the cross-members is 9 x 9 cm.<\/p>

Measure out where the posts are to be placed, and decide how wide and how high you want to make your store. A good general suggestion is 1.85 m high, 60 cm deep and 2 m wide. When buying the posts (or cutting them to size), remember they also have to be sunk into the ground by at least 30 cm.<\/p> ","gereedschap":["hand saw","tape measure","screwdriver","spirit level","hammer drill ","sealant gun"],"positie":0,"introductie_image":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/OpenhaardHuisje_6.png","introductie_image_title":"Building a log store","meta_title":"How to build a log store","meta_description":"If you have an open hearth or a wood-burning stove, you\u2019ll need a stock of firewood. To protect the wood from rain, it\u2019s a good idea to build a log store.","meta_keywords":"firewood store, log store, wood, firewood, build, how to","small_header_image":"","afbeelding_header":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/building_a_log_store.jpg","afbeelding_header_title":"How to build a log store","afbeelding_overzicht":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/building_a_log_store_cat.jpg","afbeelding_overzicht_title":"How to build a log store","gerelateerde_stappenplannen":",47,48,","gerelateerde_klustips":",4,46,44,","forceer_homepage":"nee","hits":"2","stap":[{"ID":"16","group_ID":"7","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplannen\/OpenhaardHuisje_1_25mm.png","afbeelding_title":"How to build a log store - Support posts","titel":"Support posts","bericht":"

Start with the two front and two back posts, and saw all four posts to match the slope of the roof (25 mm height difference between the front and back edges of each post).<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":16,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"17","group_ID":"7","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/OpenhaardHuisje_2.png","afbeelding_title":"How to build a log store - Roof supports","titel":"Roof supports","bericht":"

Saw the ends of the two roof supports at an angle, again with a 25 mm slope. Make sure both sides are parallel. The roof supports should protrude by 30 cm at the front for extra protection against rain.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":17,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"18","group_ID":"7","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/OpenhaardHuisje_3.png","afbeelding_title":"How to build a log store - Fit the left side panel","titel":"Fit the left side panel","bericht":"

Place the front and back posts on a flat surface, parallel with each other at the desired width apart and with the sawn-off sloping ends in the same direction. Join the tops of the posts with the roof support, with an overlap of 30 cm at the front. Pre-drill the holes with a thin wood drill to prevent the wood from cracking. Insert only 1 screw at each joint, but don’t tighten it yet. Join the posts at half-height with a plank or lath, but don’t tighten the screws here either. Check with a try square that this plank is at right-angles to the posts, and then insert and tighten all the screws.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":18,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"19","group_ID":"7","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/OpenhaardHuisje_4.png","afbeelding_title":"How to build a log store - Fit the right side panel","titel":"Fit the right side panel","bericht":"

Follow the same procedure with the right panel (remember this is a mirror image of the left side panel). Fit the plank or lath at half-height as shown in the illustration below.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":19,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"20","group_ID":"7","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/OpenhaardHuisje_5.png","afbeelding_title":"How to build a log store - Fit the top front and back cross-members","titel":"Fit the top front and back cross-members","bericht":"

Stand both side panels upright and screw the back cross-member to the support posts at the same height as the roof supports. Don’t forget to pre-drill the support posts. Then screw the front cross-member to both side panels in the same way.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":20,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"21","group_ID":"7","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/OpenhaardHuisje_6.png","afbeelding_title":"How to build a log store - Fit the center cross-members","titel":"Fit the center cross-members","bericht":"

Now you can fit the center cross-members at half-height. Start by screwing the back cross member to the back support posts at the same height as the planks or laths between the support posts. Then fit the front cross-member to the front support posts.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":21,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"22","group_ID":"7","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/OpenhaardHuisje_7.png","afbeelding_title":"How to build a log store - Fit the roof panel","titel":"Fit the roof panel","bericht":"

You can make the roof panel of the log store out of 18 mm waterproof multiplex. Remember that the roof has to overlap the two sides and the front by about 30 cm. Place the roof panel on the frame, align the back edge with the back of the frame, and adjust the position of the roof so that it overlaps each side by the same amount. Then screw the roof panel to the frame.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":22,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"23","group_ID":"7","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/OpenhaardHuisje_8.png","afbeelding_title":"How to build a log store - Cover the roof panel","titel":"Cover the roof panel","bericht":"

You can cover the roof panel of the log store with a corrugated roofing sheet or with self-adhesive roofing felt and roofing nails.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":23,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"24","group_ID":"7","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/OpenhaardHuisje_9_2.png","afbeelding_title":"How to build a log store - Cover the sides","titel":"Cover the sides","bericht":"

You can cover the sides with wood cladding, or for better ventilation you can use horizontal wooden planks or laths with gaps between them. Now you can fit the central shelf. You can make this out of waterproof multiplex or from the same wood cladding that you used to cover the sides.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":24,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"25","group_ID":"7","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/OpenhaardHuisje_10.png","afbeelding_title":"How to build a log store - Treating the wooden posts","titel":"Treating the wooden posts","bericht":"

You can treat the lower parts of the support posts with oleum, a replacement for creosote intended specially for outdoor use.
Place the store against a wall and sink the support posts at least 30 cm into the ground. Fix the posts to the wall using 8 mm screws and wall plugs.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":25,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"26","group_ID":"7","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/OpenhaardHuisje_11.png","afbeelding_title":"How to build a log store - Finishing the roof","titel":"Finishing the roof","bericht":"

Finally, close the gap between the wall and the roof with sealant so no water can enter.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":26,"extra_tips":"nee"}],"tip":[{"ID":"6","group_ID":"stepbystep_7","tip":"

\tIt can be a good idea to fit an extra shelf near the bottom of the store, as well as the middle shelf. This will keep your firewood off the ground, so it is less likely to be affected by rising damp.<\/p> ","tool_tip":"","conversie":",,","tip_afbeelding":""}],"tooltips":[]},{"ID":"3","group_ID":"3","category":",10,9,8,","titel":"How to paint wooden window frames","vraag":"Painting wooden window frames","omschrijving":"

Wooden window frames will last a lot longer if the wood is well protected against damp and sunlight. Paint and varnish don’t just protect against damp and mold, but also against insects, larvae and woodworm.<\/p> ","gereedschap":["putty knife","paint stripper","paint scraper","heat gun","paint brushes","tube of wood filler","paint rollers and tray ","electric sander.","for your own protection you should wear safety glasses working gloves and a dust mask"],"positie":0,"introductie_image":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Kozijn_5.png","introductie_image_title":"Painting wooden window frames","meta_title":"How to paint wooden window frames","meta_description":"Wooden window frames will last longer if the wood is well protected against damp and sunlight. Paint and varnish also protect against insects and woodworm.","meta_keywords":"wooden, window, windows, paint, painting, frames, frame, protection, how to ","small_header_image":"","afbeelding_header":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/painting_wooden_window_frames_1.jpg","afbeelding_header_title":"How to paint wooden window frames","afbeelding_overzicht":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/painting_wooden_window_frames_cat.jpg","afbeelding_overzicht_title":"How to paint wooden window frames","gerelateerde_stappenplannen":",22,44,15,","gerelateerde_klustips":",22,3,25,","forceer_homepage":"nee","hits":"3","stap":[{"ID":"111","group_ID":"3","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Kozijn_1.png","afbeelding_title":"How to paint wooden window frames - Choosing the right kind of paint or varnish","titel":"Choosing the right kind of paint or varnish","bericht":"

Many different kinds of paints and varnishes are available for indoor and outdoor use:
• Water-based paint (acrylic)
• Paints that is thinned with turpentine substitute (alkyd)
• ‘High solid’ paint, which gives a better coverage
• Polyurethane paint (PU): 2-component paint that is used with acrylic or alkyd paint. This kind of paint is harder and more durable.
• Varnish: a transparent coating that seals the wood and protects it against damp and UV radiation. Varnish gives a smooth finish that is easy to clean.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":111,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"112","group_ID":"3","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Kozijn_2.png","afbeelding_title":"How to paint wooden window frames - Applying a new top coat or stripping completely?","titel":"Applying a new top coat or stripping completely?","bericht":"

If the painted surface of existing window frames is weathered, you’ll need to first sand them and remove all dust before applying a new coat of paint. Fill any small irregularities if necessary. But if the existing paint is badly damaged, or if you want to use a different kind of paint, you’ll need to strip the surface completely. You can do this by burning the paint off with a heat gun, by using paint stripper or by sanding.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":112,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"113","group_ID":"3","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Kozijn_3F.png","afbeelding_title":"How to paint wooden window frames - Check for holes and splits","titel":"Check for holes and splits","bericht":"

Before you start to paint, it’s a good idea to check the joints between the window frame and the wall carefully. Over time, gaps and splits are great places for collecting dirt and moisture. So clean them out thoroughly with a vacuum cleaner or brush, and fill them with the same kind of filler used earlier.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":113,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"114","group_ID":"3","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Kozijn_4F.png","afbeelding_title":"How to paint wooden window frames - Primer","titel":"Primer","bericht":"

For better coverage and adhesion of the finishing coat, first apply a coat of good primer. After drying the wood fibers may be raised, so sand these smooth with fine sandpaper (grit size 220 or 280). Always sand in the direction of the wood grain. Fill all gaps and irregularities with filler and sand smooth, and then clean and remove dust thoroughly.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":114,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"115","group_ID":"3","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Kozijn_5.png","afbeelding_title":"How to paint wooden window frames - Starting to paint","titel":"Starting to paint","bericht":"

If you’re using new wood, first check it for traces of resin and if necessary remove these. If you don’t do this then the acid they contain will later attack the paint. Then degrease the wood. Hardwood contains more oil, which initially makes it more difficult to apply a good paint coat. If that’s the case, first apply a coat of good primer.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":115,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"116","group_ID":"3","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Kozijn_6.png","afbeelding_title":"How to paint wooden window frames - Masking","titel":"Masking","bericht":"

It’s best to apply masking tape to the window glass. This takes a bit of time, but you can then paint a lot more quickly and you’ll get a neat, straight finish. Note: remove the masking tape immediately after painting, as otherwise you may pull some of the paint off with the tape.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":116,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"117","group_ID":"3","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Kozijn_7.png","afbeelding_title":"How to paint wooden window frames - Applying the finishing coat","titel":"Applying the finishing coat","bericht":"

Work from the inside to the outside of the window frame. Open the window and first paint the inside. Start with the horizontal parts of the frame, and work from bottom to top. Then paint the vertical parts. Almost close the window and paint the edges of the frame. After that paint the whole window frame, working from top to bottom.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":117,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"118","group_ID":"3","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Kozijn_8.png","afbeelding_title":"How to paint wooden window frames - Smooth out the paint for an even thickness","titel":"Smooth out the paint for an even thickness","bericht":"

When painting, always work from bottom to top, with plenty of overlap between the brush strokes. After you’ve finished, carefully smooth out the overlaps between the brush strokes to ensure an even paint thickness and prevent runs.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":118,"extra_tips":"nee"}],"tip":[{"ID":"4467","group_ID":"stepbystep_3","tip":"

On the outside of the window, paint 1 to 2 mm over the glass fixing strips or putty. This prevents entry of moisture between the window frame and the glass fixing strips or putty.<\/p> ","tool_tip":"","conversie":"","tip_afbeelding":""}],"tooltips":[]},{"ID":"4","group_ID":",1,","category":",4,1,","titel":"How to hide cables","vraag":"Concealing cables","omschrijving":"

It’s a good idea to conceal cables neatly, both for a tidy appearance and to prevent someone from tripping over them. There are different ways to do that. You can cut out a channel in the wall, place a tube or duct in the channel and pass the cables through it. Or you can drill a hole in the wall and route the cables through the room on the other side, where they may be less noticeable. A simpler alternative is to use cable channels or hollow plinths against the wall or on the floor. These are easy to fit, decorative and give a neat result.<\/p> ","gereedschap":["tape measure","hammer drill","screwdriver","hammer","construction adhesive ","tenon saw",""],"positie":0,"introductie_image":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Kabels_7.png","introductie_image_title":"Concealing cables","meta_title":"How to hide cables","meta_description":"It\u2019s a good idea to hide cables neatly, both for a tidy appearance and to prevent someone from tripping over them. There are different ways to do that. ","meta_keywords":"cables, concealing, wall, plinths, cable, conceal, hide, hiding, concealer, how to","small_header_image":"","afbeelding_header":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/concealing_cables.jpg","afbeelding_header_title":"How to hide cables","afbeelding_overzicht":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/concealing_cables_cat.jpg","afbeelding_overzicht_title":"How to hide cables","gerelateerde_stappenplannen":",13,48,29,","gerelateerde_klustips":",4,11,7,","forceer_homepage":"nee","hits":"1","stap":[{"ID":"70","group_ID":"4","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Kabels_1.png","afbeelding_title":"How to hide cables - Hollow plinths","titel":"Hollow plinths","bericht":"

Hollow or flexible plinths are ideal for hiding cables, and are fitted onto a carrier strip mounted on the wall. They are available in almost all floor laminate colors, with inside and outside corners, and including end-pieces.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":70,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"71","group_ID":"4","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Kabels_2_2.png","afbeelding_title":"How to hide cables - How do you fit them?","titel":"How do you fit them?","bericht":"

The carrier strip and the plinth itself can be secured with steel nails, screws or adhesive. The advantage of using adhesive is that no unsightly nail or screw heads are visible. Screws have the advantage that you can easily remove the plinth later to add another cable.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":71,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"72","group_ID":"4","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Kabels_3.png","afbeelding_title":"How to hide cables - Cutting to length","titel":"Cutting to length","bericht":"

Carefully measure the required length of the plinths, and cut them to length at an angle of 45° in the corners. First cut the angled end before cutting the plinth to length, so if you make a mistake at the angled end you can still correct it.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":72,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"73","group_ID":"4","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Kabels_4.png","afbeelding_title":"How to hide cables - Gluing","titel":"Gluing","bericht":"

Apply enough spots of construction adhesive to the plinth. Place it against the wall and then remove it again immediately. Allow the adhesive to dry for 5 minutes and then place the plinth on the wall again. Tap it into place, and the plinth is now firmly attached.
Note: some construction adhesives bond immediately, so read the instructions carefully first!<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":73,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"74","group_ID":"4","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Kabels_5.png","afbeelding_title":"How to hide cables - Tap into place","titel":"Tap into place","bericht":"

Tap the plinth firmly into place with a rubber hammer and a strip of wood to protect it, so that you do not hammer directly on the plinth.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":74,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"75","group_ID":"4","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Kabels_6.png","afbeelding_title":"How to hide cables - Plinths with clips (optional type)","titel":"Plinths with clips (optional type)","bericht":"

This variant of the flexible plinths has more space behind it, and is secured with special clips. The cable area has separate channels for mains and low-voltage cables.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":75,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"76","group_ID":"4","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Kabels_7.png","afbeelding_title":"How to hide cables - Self-adhesive cable ducts (optional type)","titel":"Self-adhesive cable ducts (optional type)","bericht":"

If you only want to hide a few cables and these are not too thick, you can use self adhesive cable ducts. These are convenient to use and less visible, especially against a white plinth. However you can’t use them instead of a plinth, because they don’t provide any protection for the wall.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":76,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"77","group_ID":"4","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Kabels_8.png","afbeelding_title":"How to hide cables - Floor ducts (optional type)","titel":"Floor ducts (optional type)","bericht":"

Floor ducts are ideal for bridging a door opening, for example. They are available in different types and sizes.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":77,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"78","group_ID":"4","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Kabels_9.png","afbeelding_title":"How to hide cables - Wall ducts (optional type)","titel":"Wall ducts (optional type)","bericht":"

Wall ducts are ideal solutions for (home) offices, and they can be combined with wall-mounted switches and power sockets. The advantage is that low-voltage cables such as antenna, internet, telephone and SCART cables are passed through a separate channel. This is safer, and less likely to cause noise or interference.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":78,"extra_tips":"nee"}],"tip":[],"tooltips":[]},{"ID":"5","group_ID":"3","category":",11,","titel":"How to hang a painting","vraag":"Hanging a painting","omschrijving":"

First decide where you want to hang the painting. There are a lot of factors to take into account, such as the size, the height of the room, the lines of sight and the lighting. <\/p> ","gereedschap":["hammer drill","screwdriver","step ladder","spirit level"],"positie":0,"introductie_image":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Schilderijen_ophangen_2.png","introductie_image_title":"Hanging a painting","meta_title":"How to hang a painting","meta_description":"There are a lot of factors to take into account when hanging a painting, such as the size, the height of the room, the lines of sight and the lighting.\u00a0 ","meta_keywords":"painting, hanging, paintings, picture hanging, pictures","small_header_image":"","afbeelding_header":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/hanging_a_painting.jpg","afbeelding_header_title":"How to hang a painting","afbeelding_overzicht":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/hanging_a_painting_cat.jpg","afbeelding_overzicht_title":"How to hang a painting","gerelateerde_stappenplannen":",52,19,17,","gerelateerde_klustips":",17,58,11,","forceer_homepage":"nee","hits":"3","stap":[{"ID":"153","group_ID":"5","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Schilderijen_ophangen_1.png","afbeelding_title":"How to hang a painting - Choice of format","titel":"Choice of format","bericht":"

Hang the center of the painting at eye level. On average this is 1.65 m. In a small room, a big painting can make the room look bigger. Hanging a number of smaller paintings one above the other creates a feeling of height.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":154,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"154","group_ID":"5","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Schilderijen_ophangen_2.png","afbeelding_title":"How to hang a painting - First measure the positions of all the paintings ","titel":"First measure the positions of all the paintings ","bericht":"

Try to hang all the paintings as far as possible in line, as this gives the most regular appearance. When you’ve found the right location, hold the painting against the wall and choose the exact position. Small paintings can be hung with a single screw, but it’s better to use two screws for larger paintings. Mark the position of the first hole and use the spirit level for the position of the second hole. Check again that the second hole is horizontally aligned with the first.<\/p> ","tip":"Follow the lines of the wall on which you are hanging a painting. It\u2019s best to hang a wide painting on a wide wall, and a tall painting on a high wall. Large paintings are best hung against a large wall area, and smaller ones on a smaller area. Keep the surrounding area in mind when you buy the painting. ","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":155,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"155","group_ID":"5","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Schilderijen_ophangen_3.png","afbeelding_title":"How to hang a painting - What kind of wall plugs to use?","titel":"What kind of wall plugs to use?","bericht":"

For a brick or concrete wall use universal 6 mm wall plugs, with a drill bit of the same diameter. Use a masonry drill for brick or concrete.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":156,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"156","group_ID":"5","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Schilderijen_ophangen_4.png","afbeelding_title":"How to hang a painting - Lighting (optional)","titel":"Lighting (optional)","bericht":"

With the right lighting you can choose to accentuate the painting or illuminate it subtly. You’ll need to have a nearby wall power outlet or use an adjustable ceiling-mounted spotlight.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":157,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"157","group_ID":"5","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Schilderijen_ophangen_5.png","afbeelding_title":"How to hang a painting - Rail system","titel":"Rail system","bericht":"

Hanging a rail mounting system is very simple. These systems are ideal for hanging paintings and other decorations. Fit the rail at the top of the wall with screws and fixing clips. Then you can hang your paintings or other works of art at the desired heights, and you can easily change their positions whenever you want.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":158,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"158","group_ID":"5","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Schilderijen_ophangen_6.png","afbeelding_title":"How to hang a painting - Fitting a rail system","titel":"Fitting a rail system","bericht":"

Fit the fixing clips to the wall with a spacing of 40 cm using wall plugs and screws. Then click the profile into place on the clips. The wires on which your paintings hang slide into the rail, which is neatly finished with end caps. You can adjust the heights of the hooks on which your paintings hang.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":182,"extra_tips":"nee"}],"tip":[{"ID":"14","group_ID":"stepbystep_5","tip":"

\tIt's best to use a hammer if you have to drill into a concrete wall or ceiling.<\/p> ","tool_tip":"Skil offers the unique Torro, the Multi-Drill that also drills in concrete!","conversie":",1418,","tip_afbeelding":""}],"tooltips":[]},{"ID":"8","group_ID":"2","category":",6,","titel":"How to mount plasterboard panels","vraag":"Mounting plasterboard panels","omschrijving":"

If you want to renovate your attic and install a dividing wall, then plasterboard is an obvious choice of material to use for the job. Plasterboard panels are easy to install, and thanks to their light weight they can be used just about anywhere. If there is no existing structure on which to mount the panels you can choose your own layout and make a wooden framework.<\/p>

Attention points:<\/strong><\/p>

Plasterboard panels are available in different lengths – often 2.60 m, 3 m or 3.60 m. You can also choose from widths of 60 or 120 cm. The thickness is 9.5 mm. Check the sizes with your supplier before you start, and if you need to make a wooden frame make sure it matches the panel sizes as far as possible.<\/p> ","gereedschap":["spirit level","hobby knife","electric drill\/driver","jigsaw","putty knife","hand saw","hammer","surform ","spatula"],"positie":0,"introductie_image":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Gipsplaten_4_2.png","introductie_image_title":"Mounting plasterboard panels","meta_title":"How to mount plasterboard panels","meta_description":"If you want to renovate your attic and install a dividing wall, then plasterboard is an obvious choice. Plasterboard panels are easy to install.","meta_keywords":"plasterboard, panels, mounting, how to","small_header_image":"","afbeelding_header":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/mounting_plasterboard_panels.jpg","afbeelding_header_title":"How to mount plasterboard panels","afbeelding_overzicht":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/mounting_plasterboard_panels_cat.jpg","afbeelding_overzicht_title":"How to mount plasterboard panels","gerelateerde_stappenplannen":",17,36,","gerelateerde_klustips":",4,11,","forceer_homepage":"nee","hits":"3","stap":[{"ID":"27","group_ID":"8","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Gipsplaten_1.png","afbeelding_title":"How to mount plasterboard panels - Cutting the panels","titel":"Cutting the panels","bericht":"

Plasterboard has a plaster core covered on both sides with a cardboard layer. You can easily cut the panels to size using a hobby knife. Working on the top surface, make a deep cut through the cardboard top layer using a wooden plank as a guide. Then break the panel along the line of cut with a single stroke, after which you can cut through the cardboard layer on the other side of the panel.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":0,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"28","group_ID":"8","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Gipsplaten_2.png","afbeelding_title":"How to mount plasterboard panels - Sawing the plasterboard","titel":"Sawing the plasterboard","bericht":"

If you don’t plan to use the full length of the plasterboard panels (or if you have to make cut outs for doors and frames), you can cut the panels to size with a normal wood saw or jigsaw. You can make smaller cut-outs for electrical outlets or ducts with a large hole saw, reciprocating saw or jigsaw. A jigsaw is also handy for cutting special shapes or to round-off corners.<\/p> ","tip":"If you need to make a cut-out using a jigsaw, it\u2019s a good idea to first drill a hole along the cutting line \u2013 that makes it easier to start sawing.","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":1,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"29","group_ID":"8","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Gipsplaten_3.png","afbeelding_title":"How to mount plasterboard panels - Finishing the edges after sawing","titel":"Finishing the edges after sawing","bericht":"

You can finish cut or sawn edges with a surform or a sanding block with coarse sandpaper. So you can finish the joints neatly after mounting the panels, it’s a good idea to give all the cut edges a smooth, beveled finish.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":2,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"30","group_ID":"8","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Gipsplaten_4.png","afbeelding_title":"How to mount plasterboard panels - Mounting the panels with nails","titel":"Mounting the panels with nails","bericht":"

The best kind of hammer to use is a ball-peen hammer, which has a rounded head that lets you recess the head of the nail in the panel. Use nails of around 30 mm length to mount the plasterboard panels. The maximum gap between the nails should be 20 cm, and the nails should be at least 1 cm from the edge of the panel. You can also mount the panels using a electric staple gun loaded with nails.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":3,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"31","group_ID":"8","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Gipsplaten_5.png","afbeelding_title":"How to mount plasterboard panels - Mounting the panels with screws","titel":"Mounting the panels with screws","bericht":"

If you use screws you should choose special plasterboard screws with a length of between 25 and 35 mm. These screws are made of stainless steel with a black finish and a sharp, hard point. The easiest way to work is with an electric drill\/driver or screwdriver. If possible use a special screwdriver bit for plasterboard, or a drill\/driver with adjustable torque settings so the screws don’t go straight through the plasterboard. You can drive the screws in without the need to drill a starting hole. The maximum gap between screws should be 25 cm.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":4,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"32","group_ID":"8","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Gipsplaten_6.png","afbeelding_title":"How to mount plasterboard panels - Finishing the joints","titel":"Finishing the joints","bericht":"

The plasterboard surfaces and the joints between the panels must be dust-free and clean. Note: you should only start finishing the joints when the plasterboard is dry and at room temperature. Fill the joints with a putty knife using sealant. After drying for 24 hours you can apply a second layer if necessary. When that is dry you can smooth the joints with sandpaper.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":5,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"33","group_ID":"8","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Gipsplaten_7.png","afbeelding_title":"How to mount plasterboard panels - Finishing inside corners","titel":"Finishing inside corners","bericht":"

The best way to finish the corners is to use sealant tape. First apply sealant to both corner surfaces. Then fold the sealant tape in half along its length and fit it into the corner. Press it firmly into the sealant and cover it with a top layer of sealant. Remove excess sealant with a putty knife and smooth it over. Alternatively you can use self-adhesive fiberglass sealant tape.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":6,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"34","group_ID":"8","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Gipsplaten_8.png","afbeelding_title":"How to mount plasterboard panels - Finishing outside corners","titel":"Finishing outside corners","bericht":"

You can finish outside corners with a reinforcing strip. Cut the strip to length and fold it at the right angle. Apply sealant to both corner surfaces and press the reinforcing strip firmly into the sealant. Finish the corner smoothly with a putty knife and sealant. Sanding is only necessary to remove irregularities in the joint. You can also use an aluminium corner strip for extra protection.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":7,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"35","group_ID":"8","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Gipsplaten_9.png","afbeelding_title":"How to mount plasterboard panels - Protect the wall against damp","titel":"Protect the wall against damp","bericht":"

Plasterboard can’t withstand damp. To keep rising damp out of the panels, you can raise them 1 cm off the floor on a number of smaller lengths of plasterboard. These can be removed later, when the panels have been fixed in place.<\/p> ","tip":"Never carry plasterboard panels horizontally, but instead hold them vertically by the edges. Store plasterboard in dry conditions, off the floor on wooden strips. ","tip_afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Gipsplaten_10T_2.png","tip_afbeelding_title":"Mounting plasterboard panels - Protect the wall against damp","positie":8,"extra_tips":"nee"}],"tip":[{"ID":"5","group_ID":"stepbystep_8","tip":"

\tYou can get special bits for your drill\/driver to make the screws don’t penetrate too deeply into the plasterboard.<\/p> ","tool_tip":"","conversie":",,","tip_afbeelding":""}],"tooltips":[]},{"ID":"10","group_ID":",1,","category":",3,2,6,4,1,","titel":"How to fit a false ceiling","vraag":"Fitting a false ceiling","omschrijving":"

A false ceiling has a number of advantages. You can make a room or hall more attractive, or you can use it to hide roofing beams or an unfinished ceiling. You can fit recessed spotlights in the ceiling, and conceal power cables and pipes. Also important: a false ceiling can give you big savings in your heating costs. <\/p>

Attention points<\/strong>
Different systems are available using brackets and ceiling panels. We’ve chosen to use a wooden framework that you can make yourself.
 <\/p> ","gereedschap":["spirit level","cord","working gloves","electric drill\/driver","electrical saw","hammer drill","hobby knife","pencil ","ceiling support"],"positie":0,"introductie_image":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Plafond_6_2.png","introductie_image_title":"Fitting a false ceiling","meta_title":"How to fit a false ceiling","meta_description":"A false ceiling has a number of advantages. You can make a room or hall more attractive, or you can use it to hide roofing beams or an unfinished ceiling. ","meta_keywords":"ceiling, false, fitting, wooden, ceiling tiles, how to","small_header_image":"","afbeelding_header":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/false_ceiling.jpg","afbeelding_header_title":"How to fit a false ceiling","afbeelding_overzicht":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/false_ceiling_cat.jpg","afbeelding_overzicht_title":"How to fit a false ceiling","gerelateerde_stappenplannen":",8,48,36,","gerelateerde_klustips":",4,12,47,","forceer_homepage":"nee","hits":"20","stap":[{"ID":"129","group_ID":"10","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplannen\/01.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit a false ceiling - Option 1: Fixing the framework DIRECTLY to the beams or plastered ceiling","titel":"Option 1: Fixing the framework DIRECTLY to the beams or plastered ceiling","bericht":"

Start by fixing a wooden framework to act as supporting structure directly to the existing ceiling or roofing beams. Make sure you use the right plugs. Note that the roofing beams may be of different heights. Fix the wooden supports with a spacing of 40 cm. The ceiling panels are then screwed to the wooden framework.<\/p> ","tip":"Using a mitre saw makes it easier to cut the framework beams to length! ","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":0,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"130","group_ID":"10","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplannen\/02.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit a false ceiling - Option 2: Fixing a SUSPENDED framework to a plastered ceiling","titel":"Option 2: Fixing a SUSPENDED framework to a plastered ceiling","bericht":"

As in step 1, fix the supports to the ceiling with equal spacings of 40 cm. Screw the supports to the existing ceiling using screws and plugs. Make sure you fit all the supports at the same height.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":1,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"131","group_ID":"10","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplannen\/03.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit a false ceiling - Fixing vertical struts to the supports","titel":"Fixing vertical struts to the supports","bericht":"

The next step is to decide on the height of the new ceiling. Measure the desired height from the floor and mark it off at the 4 corners. You can then use struts of the right length to fix the false ceiling panels. Fix the struts to the supports on the ceiling. The insulation panels are usually 60 cm wide. So if you also fix the struts with a 60 cm spacing, the insulation panels will fit exactly between them. That means you won’t need to cut the panels to size.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":2,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"132","group_ID":"10","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplannen\/04.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit a false ceiling - Fixing the wall supports and framework members","titel":"Fixing the wall supports and framework members","bericht":"

Use a cord and a spirit level to mark off the positions of the wall supports on the wall. A laser level is a good solution if you have one. The underside of the framework will then be horizontal. Fix the wall supports to the wall along the marked lines with plugs and screws, and then fix the framework members all at the same height to the bottoms of the struts.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":3,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"133","group_ID":"10","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Plafond_5.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit a false ceiling - Apply the insulation","titel":"Apply the insulation","bericht":"

The insulation panels are then fitted over the framework members. If you have fitted the struts with spacings of 60 cm you will be able to fix the insulation panels without the need to cut them to size. Don’t forget to apply insulation between the vertical struts to create an uninterrupted insulation layer. Always wear gloves, safety glasses, a dust mask and protective clothing when working with insulating materials.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":4,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"134","group_ID":"10","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Plafond_6.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit a false ceiling - Fix the first row of ceiling panels","titel":"Fix the first row of ceiling panels","bericht":"

Screw the first ceiling panel to the left side against the wall, using 25 mm plasterboard screws with a spacing between screws of 20 cm. Allow an 8 mm expansion gap between the panel and the wall. This gap is later covered with a finishing strip. Fit the next ceiling panel with the short side against the short side of the first panel, followed by the long side.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":5,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"135","group_ID":"10","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Plafond_7.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit a false ceiling - Cutting panels to length","titel":"Cutting panels to length","bericht":"

At the end of the row, measure the required length and mark this off on a new panel. Use the remaining part of the panel to start the next row. If you start each row with a panel of the same length you will have a regular appearance of the finished ceiling. To cut a panel to length, score it on the visible surface with a hobby knife and then break it off using a wooden strip or plank for support. You can then cut through the cardboard backing.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":6,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"136","group_ID":"10","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Plafond_8.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit a false ceiling - Finishing the joints","titel":"Finishing the joints","bericht":"

If you want to finish the joints between the ceiling panels, make sure they are clean and dust free. Then fill the gaps with grouting paste and a putty knife. After drying for 24 hours, apply a second layer if necessary and sand smooth after drying. To prevent later cracking of the joints, you can use flexible mesh fixed in place with the grouting paste<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":7,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"137","group_ID":"10","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Plafond_9.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit a false ceiling - Edging profile","titel":"Edging profile","bericht":"

To finish the outer edges of the false ceiling neatly, fix the finishing strips in place with construction adhesive. Put a few spots of adhesive on the finishing strip, press it into place, remove it again immediately, and after waiting for 5 minutes tap it firmly into place. For a neat finish in the corners you can cut the ends of the finishing strips at 45°.<\/p> ","tip":"If you intend to install recessed spotlights in the ceiling, you need to run the cables when you are fitting the supporting framework. Cut out the holes for the spotlights with a large hole saw. Run the cables to all the spotlight positions, and connect the wiring in accordance with local electrical regulations.","tip_afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Plafond_10_1.png","tip_afbeelding_title":"Fitting a false ceiling - Edging profile","positie":8,"extra_tips":"nee"}],"tip":[{"ID":"18","group_ID":"stepbystep_10","tip":"

It's best to use a hammer if you have to drill into a concrete wall or ceiling. <\/p>","tool_tip":"Skil offers powerful pneumatic hammers at an affordable price.","conversie":",1198,","tip_afbeelding":""}],"tooltips":[]},{"ID":"11","group_ID":"2","category":",5,","titel":"How to build a deck","vraag":"Building a deck","omschrijving":"

A wooden deck or patio doesn’t get as hot or cold as one made of stone. It’s comfortable and looks attractive. One disadvantage is that wood can become slippery when it’s wet because of algae, although this is easy to get rid of with environment-friendly algae remover. This article shows you in a number of easy steps how to build a wooden deck or patio.<\/p> ","gereedschap":["spirit level","tape measure","electric drill","screwdriver ","garden tools"],"positie":0,"introductie_image":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/VlonderTerras_7.png","introductie_image_title":"Building a deck","meta_title":"How to build a deck","meta_description":"A wooden deck is comfortable and looks attractive. We show you in a number of easy steps how to build a wooden deck or patio. ","meta_keywords":"deck, building, patio, wooden, build, tools, garden, wood, how to ","small_header_image":"","afbeelding_header":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/building_a_deck_1.jpg","afbeelding_header_title":"How to build a deck","afbeelding_overzicht":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/building_a_deck_cat_1.jpg","afbeelding_overzicht_title":"How to build a deck","gerelateerde_stappenplannen":",48,35,24,","gerelateerde_klustips":",29,32,44,","forceer_homepage":"nee","hits":"8","stap":[{"ID":"164","group_ID":"11","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/VlonderTerras_1.png","afbeelding_title":"How to build a deck - Choosing the right location","titel":"Choosing the right location","bericht":"

A patio is often an extension of your house. So when you’re deciding on the location, keep in mind the direction of your house and the prevailing wind, the positions of the sun and the times at which the patio will be in sunlight. Decide on the size of the patio, if necessary together with a plan of the garden layout.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":0,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"165","group_ID":"11","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/VlonderTerras_2.png","afbeelding_title":"How to build a deck - Preparations when using composite planks","titel":"Preparations when using composite planks","bericht":"

Remove a layer of earth and even out the ground. It’s very important to do this carefully. The distance between the supporting beams and the paving stones on which they will rest should be a maximum of 40 cm (center-to-center). Tap the paving stones into place and check that they are horizontal.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":1,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"166","group_ID":"11","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/VlonderTerras_3.png","afbeelding_title":"How to build a deck - Make sure the ground is flat","titel":"Make sure the ground is flat","bericht":"

The supporting beams must rest on a hard surface. You can make this using paving stones, a concrete base or a bed of gravel. Always make sure the underlying ground is stable and flat.
If it’s made of earth or sand, cover the stones with an anti-rooting mat.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":2,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"167","group_ID":"11","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/VlonderTerras_4.png","afbeelding_title":"How to build a deck - Leave a gap from the wall","titel":"Leave a gap from the wall","bericht":"

Place the supporting beams on the ground with the ends in line. Keep a gap of 3 cm from the wall to allow for expansion due to sunshine or rain. It may be necessary to place an extra supporting beam under the joints between the ends of 2 planks to ensure stability.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":3,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"168","group_ID":"11","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/VlonderTerras_5.png","afbeelding_title":"How to build a deck - Using clips","titel":"Using clips","bericht":"

Start by laying the first plank, and attach it with an end clip to the supporting beam. Note: don’t screw directly into the supporting beam, but avoid splitting by first pre-drilling the holes. Fit a clip into the opening at the other end of the plank, and after pre-drilling the holes screw the clip into place. Use stainless steel screws to prevent rusting. There are different kinds of clips, see A, B and C, but the fixing method is the same – push them into the opening and screw them into place on the supporting beams.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":4,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"169","group_ID":"11","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/VlonderTerras_6.png","afbeelding_title":"How to build a deck - Fit the next plank","titel":"Fit the next plank","bericht":"

Push the next plank up against the clip, which also acts as a spacer between the planks. Remember to allow the same spacing of 1 cm in the next row of planks.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":5,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"170","group_ID":"11","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/VlonderTerras_7.png","afbeelding_title":"How to build a deck - Informal bond","titel":"Informal bond","bericht":"

Once you have fixed the planks in place, you can if desired finish the visible ends of the planks with the end caps. It’s better to fit the planks in an informal bond, instead of with the joints all in the same line, as this ensures greater stability.<\/p> ","tip":"If you have to saw planks to length, make sure you can saw the required thickness and you use the right kind of saw blade for the material. For more information about the right kind of electric saw to use for each job, please see tool usage<\/a>.","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":6,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"172","group_ID":"11","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/VlonderTerras_8.png","afbeelding_title":"How to build a deck - Patio on sleepers","titel":"Patio on sleepers","bericht":"

You can also make a patio out of hardwood and sleepers. Good choices of wood are FSC certified Bankirai hardwood or impregnated Central European pine

Laying sleepers in sand<\/strong>
Use planks with a cross-section of 2.5 x 14.5 cm. These are available in different lengths, and can be laid directly on the ground. The spacing between the sleepers should be not more than 70 cm. Make sure the sleepers are level using a spirit level with a supporting plank if necessary. Use an anti-rooting mat, or otherwise scatter gravel between the sleepers to help prevent weed growth.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":7,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"173","group_ID":"11","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/VlonderTerras_9.png","afbeelding_title":"How to build a deck - Screwing the planks in place","titel":"Screwing the planks in place","bericht":"

Screw the planks to the sleepers with stainless steel screws. First pre-drill the holes to allow the screws to be tightened fully and prevent splitting. The planks must be able to expand and contract freely, so leave gaps of at least 1 cm between adjacent planks. The same applies at the ends of the planks. Screw a plank vertically to the ends of the patio planks for an attractive finish.<\/p> ","tip":"You may have to saw planks to length so the ends are at the centers of the sleepers. Alternatively you can lay a remaining piece of sleeper under the place where the 2 ends meet.","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":8,"extra_tips":"nee"}],"tip":[{"ID":"15","group_ID":"stepbystep_11","tip":"

If you have to saw angled cuts or long lengths of material, special saw guide systems are available to help you work conveniently and accurately.<\/p> ","tool_tip":"Skil offers an unique and easy to use guide rail system, for cutting perfect straight lines. The Skil guide rail is a modular system that can easily be transformed to the required size, by simply clicking the individual parts together.","conversie":",1197,","tip_afbeelding":""}],"tooltips":[]},{"ID":"13","group_ID":"1","category":",4,1,","titel":"How to wall-mount a flat screen TV","vraag":"Wall-mounting a flat screen TV","omschrijving":"

Because a flat screen TV doesn’t have a bulky picture tube, it’s possible to mount it on the wall just like a painting. As well as that you can also buy stylish TV supports, which also conceal the cables. Different types of mounting systems are available – for example fixed and adjustable, so you first need to decide what kind you want to use.<\/p>

Attention points<\/strong>
Before drilling holes in the wall, first make sure there are no water or gas pipes or electric cables at the place where you intend to drill. Special electronic detectors are available to find the positions of any hidden pipes or cables. <\/p> ","gereedschap":["tape measure","screwdriver","spirit level ","hammer drill"],"positie":0,"introductie_image":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Flatscreen_4_2.png","introductie_image_title":"Wall-mounting a flat screen TV","meta_title":"How to wall-mount a flat screen TV","meta_description":"Because a flat screen TV doesn\u2019t have a bulky picture tube, it\u2019s possible to mount it on the wall just like a painting. ","meta_keywords":"wall mount, tv, television, flat screen tv, mounting, how to","small_header_image":"","afbeelding_header":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/Wall-mounting_a_flat_screen_TV.jpg","afbeelding_header_title":"How to wall-mount a flat screen TV","afbeelding_overzicht":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/Wall-mounting_a_flat_screen_TV_cat.jpg","afbeelding_overzicht_title":"How to wall-mount a flat screen TV","gerelateerde_stappenplannen":",52,4,17,","gerelateerde_klustips":",8,55,16,","forceer_homepage":"nee","hits":"10","stap":[{"ID":"58","group_ID":"13","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Flatscreen_1.png","afbeelding_title":"How to wall-mount a flat screen TV - Marking the right position","titel":"Marking the right position","bericht":"

Decide where you want to mount your TV. You can place it flat against the wall, or you can make it adjustable by rotation or tilting. That can be useful to find the best viewing angle from different positions (for example from the kitchen).<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":0,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"59","group_ID":"13","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Flatscreen_2.png","afbeelding_title":"How to wall-mount a flat screen TV - Finding the right height","titel":"Finding the right height","bericht":"

The standard rule is that the bottom edge of a flat-screen TV should be 50 to 60 cm above the floor. Of course that also depends on your own situation. It’s a good idea to take a piece of cardboard of about the same size as your TV and hold it against the wall. Then look at it from different sitting positions. When you’re happy with the position, you can mount your flat screen TV at the same height.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":1,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"60","group_ID":"13","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Flatscreen_3_1.png","afbeelding_title":"How to wall-mount a flat screen TV - Can the brackets support the weight?","titel":"Can the brackets support the weight?","bericht":"

Only buy brackets that are suitable for the size and weight of your flat-screen TV (check the specifications of the bracket). Read the manual of your flat screen and compare the data. Use good-quality wall plugs and screws, and use all the screw holes provided in the bracket.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":2,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"61","group_ID":"13","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Flatscreen_4.png","afbeelding_title":"How to wall-mount a flat screen TV - Distance from the wall","titel":"Distance from the wall","bericht":"

You can mount your flat-screen TV close to the wall, although that means you won’t be able to adjust the position of the screen. Remember that a flat-screen TV produces heat, and a bigger gap between the screen and the wall allows better ventilation. That also means less chance of dark convection stains caused by dust deposits on the wall, and it also allows you to adjust the angle of the screen horizontally and vertically.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":3,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"62","group_ID":"13","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Flatscreen_5.png","afbeelding_title":"How to wall-mount a flat screen TV - Measure the VESA mount size","titel":"Measure the VESA mount size","bericht":"

To choose the right wall-mounting bracket, measure the distance between the screw holes at the back of your flat-screen TV. The most common sizes are 10 x 10 cm and 20 x 10 cm center-to-center.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":4,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"63","group_ID":"13","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Flatscreen_6.png","afbeelding_title":"How to wall-mount a flat screen TV - Hide the cables","titel":"Hide the cables","bericht":"

As well as the power cord and the antenna cable, several other cables are often used to connect your flat screen TV to other equipment – for example DVD players, game consoles, satellite receivers and digital set-top boxes. These units are often located in a floor-standing cabinet, so you’ll have to find the best way to route the cables to the TV. A good way to do this is by using a cable duct to guide the cables neatly and hide them from view. Another option is to use a TV support with a shelf to support the equipment.<\/p> ","tip":"Would you prefer to avoid using an unsightly cable duct? Then you could consider installing a false wall on which you mount your flat-screen TV. If you make the false wall out of panels fitted to a framework of wooden beams, then you can use the space behind it for the cables. Another option could be to run the cables through the room behind the TV, if your home layout allows that.","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":5,"extra_tips":"nee"}],"tip":[{"ID":"16","group_ID":"stepbystep_13","tip":"

\tIt’s best to use a hammer if you have to drill into a concrete wall or ceiling.<\/p> ","tool_tip":"Skil offers the unique Torro, the Multi-Drill that also drills in concrete! The Torro handles all common drilling jobs in and around the home (up to 10mm in concrete) ","conversie":",1418,","tip_afbeelding":""}],"tooltips":[]},{"ID":"15","group_ID":"1","category":",3,15,","titel":"How to apply silicone sealant","vraag":"Applying silicone sealant","omschrijving":"

Silicone sealant is used to finish joints, keep out moisture and fill seams and other gaps. It is elastic, so it can allow for a certain amount of movement. Sealant is available in tubes and cartridges. A cartridge is enough for a seam of around 12-13 meters long with a thickness of 5 mm.<\/p> ","gereedschap":["sealant gun","masking tape","triangular scraper","plant spray","hobby knife ","disposable rubber gloves"],"positie":0,"introductie_image":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Kitten_2.png","introductie_image_title":"Applying silicone sealant","meta_title":"How to apply silicone sealant","meta_description":"Silicone sealant is used to finish joints, keep out moisture and fill seams and other gaps. It is elastic, so it can allow for a certain amount of movement. ","meta_keywords":"applying sealant, how to, waterproof sealant, silicone sealer, silicone sealant","small_header_image":"","afbeelding_header":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/applying_silicone_sealant_1.jpg","afbeelding_header_title":"How to apply silicone sealant","afbeelding_overzicht":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/applying_silicone_sealant_cat_1.jpg","afbeelding_overzicht_title":"How to apply silicone sealant","gerelateerde_stappenplannen":",22,20,","gerelateerde_klustips":",6,34,","forceer_homepage":"nee","hits":"2","stap":[{"ID":"79","group_ID":"15","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Kitten_1.png","afbeelding_title":"How to apply silicone sealant - What type of silicone sealant to use?","titel":"What type of silicone sealant to use?","bericht":"

The composition of the sealant determines how elastic it is and how quickly it hardens. Universal sealant is a good choice for general use. For use in the bathroom or other wet areas, the best choice is a mold-resistant sealant. This avoids blackening of the joint over time. Note that some types of silicone sealant can be painted over, while others can’t.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":79,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"80","group_ID":"15","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Kitten_2.png","afbeelding_title":"How to apply silicone sealant - Bonding","titel":"Bonding","bericht":"

Not all types of silicone sealant are suitable for every job. For example acrylic sealant isn’t suitable for use on glass, tiles and other smooth surfaces, while silicone rubber, Teflon and bitumen sealants have better adhesion on bitumen surfaces and roofing materials. In some cases the adhesion can be improved by first applying a coat of primer.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":80,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"81","group_ID":"15","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Kitten_3.png","afbeelding_title":"How to apply silicone sealant - Painting over sealant","titel":"Painting over sealant","bericht":"

Most silicone sealants are available in white, gray, black, brown or transparent. You can choose the color that best matches the underlying surface, or otherwise paint the sealant the same color as the surface. Check first on the package whether the sealant can be painted over. If you intend to paint over the sealant, remember that the paint itself is not elastic, so it may crack later if there is any movement in the joint.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":81,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"82","group_ID":"15","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Kitten_4.png","afbeelding_title":"How to apply silicone sealant - Oxidation","titel":"Oxidation","bericht":"

If the silicone sealant contains any acidic components, oxidation may take place on the underlying surface. This may happen on mirrors, stone and marble tiles, aluminium or copper. To be sure this won’t happen, choose acid-free sealant. You can easily check this by sniffing the underside of the cartridge.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":82,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"83","group_ID":"15","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Kitten_5.png","afbeelding_title":"How to apply silicone sealant - Clean the surface","titel":"Clean the surface","bericht":"

If you want to fill a crack in the corner of a wall, you first have to remove all the loose material with a triangular scraper or a sharp knife. Then clean out the gap with a brush or vacuum cleaner. You should also remove any glue, sealant or oil residues with spirit or degreaser.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":83,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"84","group_ID":"15","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Kitten_6.png","afbeelding_title":"How to apply silicone sealant - Masking","titel":"Masking","bericht":"

If you want the cleanest possible result and you’re not sure if you can apply the sealant in a perfectly straight line, especially in hard-to-reach places, then it’s best to use masking tape. Apply the tape so it covers both sides of the line to be sealed, and then remove the tape before the silicone sealant is dry.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":84,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"85","group_ID":"15","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Kitten_7_8.png","afbeelding_title":"How to apply silicone sealant - Using the sealant cartridge","titel":"Using the sealant cartridge","bericht":"

Use a hobby knife to cut off the cartridge seal. Then cut off a small part of the tip of the applicator nozzle to give you a narrow line of silicone sealant. If you cut off a bigger part of the nozzle, the line of sealant will be wider. Make the line of sealant 1 or 2 mm wider than the gap to be filled. Then load the cartridge in the sealant gun. When you pull on the handle, the applicator nozzle will fill with sealant. Stop as soon as you can see the silicone sealant.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":85,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"87","group_ID":"15","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Kitten_9.png","afbeelding_title":"How to apply silicone sealant - Making the seal","titel":"Making the seal","bericht":"

The best working position is to hold the sealant gun at an angle of 45° and to pull the gun towards yourself. To apply the sealant neatly you need to find the right working speed. If you move too slowly you’ll get a bumpy, irregular sealant surface, and you’ll waste sealant unnecessarily. If you move too quickly you won’t get good filling of the gap. When you reach the end of the seam release the handle and press the button or lever at the back of the sealant gun. This releases the pressure so the flow of sealant stops immediately. If you don’t do this the sealant will keep coming out of the nozzle.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":88,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"88","group_ID":"15","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Kitten_10_1.png","afbeelding_title":"How to apply silicone sealant - Finishing off the sealant line","titel":"Finishing off the sealant line","bericht":"

Wet your finger with some soapy water in a dish or basin and then smooth out the seam. The soap prevents the silicone sealant from sticking to your finger. You can also apply some soapy water with a plant spray. Remove any remaining traces of sealant with the soapy water. After the sealant has dried you can remove it with a knife and a hard sponge. Special spatulas and cleaners are available to apply and remove silicone sealant.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":189,"extra_tips":"nee"}],"tip":[{"ID":"9","group_ID":"stepbystep_15","tip":"

lf you’d rather not work with silicone sealant you can also use self-adhesive decorative strips. First clean the working area thoroughly to remove traces of oil, after which it’s easy to fix the strip. Most decorative strips have good adhesion and are resistant to moisture and mold. <\/p> ","tool_tip":"","conversie":",,","tip_afbeelding":""}],"tooltips":[]},{"ID":"16","group_ID":"1","category":",14,","titel":"How to put up a shelf","vraag":"Fitting shelves","omschrijving":"

Shelves provide extra storage space and also have a decorative function, for example as bookshelves. You can make a shelf in different colors and sizes and from different materials. You can also be creative with the supports; you don’t always need to use the angle brackets shown in our example.

Attention points<\/strong>
Before drilling holes in the wall, first make sure there are no water or gas pipes or electric cables at the place where you intend to drill. Special electronic detectors are available to find the positions of any hidden pipes or cables. <\/p> ","gereedschap":["metal detector","awl","try square","saw","tape measure","screwdriver","spirit level ","hammer drill"],"positie":0,"introductie_image":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Legplanken_4.png","introductie_image_title":"Fitting shelves","meta_title":"How to put up a shelf","meta_description":"Shelves provide extra storage space and also have a decorative function. You can make a shelf in different colors and sizes and from different materials. ","meta_keywords":"shelves, fitting, shelf, wooden, how to, put up a shelf","small_header_image":"","afbeelding_header":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/fitting_shelves.jpg","afbeelding_header_title":"How to put up a shelf","afbeelding_overzicht":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/fitting_shelves_cat.jpg","afbeelding_overzicht_title":"How to put up a shelf","gerelateerde_stappenplannen":",52,17,51,","gerelateerde_klustips":",38,17,55,","forceer_homepage":"nee","hits":"1","stap":[{"ID":"89","group_ID":"16","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Legplanken_1_1.png","afbeelding_title":"How to put up a shelf - Where to fit your shelf?","titel":"Where to fit your shelf?","bericht":"

First of all decide exactly where you want to fit your shelf, and what you want to put on it. The depth of a bookshelf is different from that of a shelf on which you want to keep plants. Take a shelf of the right size and hold it against the wall at the place where you want to fit it. Position the shelf horizontally with a spirit level and mark off the underside on the wall.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":89,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"90","group_ID":"16","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Legplanken_2.png","afbeelding_title":"How to put up a shelf - Drilling in tiles","titel":"Drilling in tiles","bericht":"

If you have to drill in tiles, check first if it’s possible to fit the shelf so you only have to drill in the gaps between the tiles. That will leave the tiles undamaged, and you’ll be sure the plank is horizontal. If you can’t avoid drilling into the tiles, mark the position of the hole on a cross of masking tape. This will help to prevent the drill from slipping away. Drill the hole slightly deeper than the length of the wall plug, because it has to be recessed behind the tile. This prevents the tile from cracking when you tighten the screw.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":90,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"91","group_ID":"16","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Legplanken_3.png","afbeelding_title":"How to put up a shelf - How many supports?","titel":"How many supports?","bericht":"

The weight of your shelf will be carried by two or more supports screwed to the wall. These should be not too far apart to prevent the shelf from bending in the middle. The number of supports will depend on the length of the shelf and the weight of the objects you intend to place on it. For a shelf made of 16 mm particle board the right spacing between the supports is 40 to 60 cm. With 18 mm solid wood or MDF the spacing should be 50 to 70 cm, or with 18 mm multiplex you can increase it to 90 cm.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":91,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"92","group_ID":"16","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Legplanken_4.png","afbeelding_title":"How to put up a shelf - Marking off the holes on the wall","titel":"Marking off the holes on the wall","bericht":"

Place the top of the support against the pencil line that you marked earlier in step 1. After marking the first hole check that the support is vertical, and then mark the remaining holes. Mark off the holes for the other bracket(s) in the same way.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":92,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"93","group_ID":"16","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Legplanken_5.png","afbeelding_title":"How to put up a shelf - Which screws and wall plugs to use for which type of wall?","titel":"Which screws and wall plugs to use for which type of wall?","bericht":"

Always use the right kind of drill for the material of which the wall is made. Use 45x4 mm screws for small supports, or 45x6 mm screws for larger supports. If you have hollow walls made of plasterboard or cellular concrete, you need to use special plugs.<\/p> ","tip":"To prevent the shelf from bending \u2013 for example if you put heavy books on it \u2013 fix an extra strip of wood along the front of the shelf. This gives the shelf a more solid appearance and also provides extra rigidity and support.","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":93,"extra_tips":"nee"}],"tip":[{"ID":"4432","group_ID":"stepbystep_16","tip":"

\tIt's best to use a hammer if you have to drill into a concrete wall or ceiling.<\/p> ","tool_tip":"Skil offers powerful pneumatic hammers at an affordable price.","conversie":",1198,","tip_afbeelding":""}],"tooltips":[]},{"ID":"17","group_ID":"1","category":",15,","titel":"How to use wall plugs","vraag":"Working with wall plugs","omschrijving":"

If you want to mount anything on a brick or concrete wall, plasterboard or other hard surface (other than wood), you’re sure to need wall plugs. These give a firm hold in solid materials, or anchor themselves in hollow materials or panels. <\/p> ","gereedschap":["hammer ","screwdriver"],"positie":0,"introductie_image":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Pluggen_2_1.png","introductie_image_title":"Working with wall plugs","meta_title":"How to use wall plugs","meta_description":"If you want to mount anything on a hard surface you need wall plugs. Wall plugs give a firm hold in solid materials or anchor themselves in hollow materials.\u00a0 ","meta_keywords":"wall plugs, wall plug, anchor, anchor bolts, how to","small_header_image":"","afbeelding_header":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/working_with_wall_plugs.jpg","afbeelding_header_title":"How to use wall plugs","afbeelding_overzicht":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/working_with_wall_plugs_cat.jpg","afbeelding_overzicht_title":"How to use wall plugs","gerelateerde_stappenplannen":",49,52,51,","gerelateerde_klustips":",17,53,58,","forceer_homepage":"nee","hits":"42","stap":[{"ID":"174","group_ID":"17","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Pluggen_1.png","afbeelding_title":"How to use wall plugs - What kind of wall plug should I use?","titel":"What kind of wall plug should I use?","bericht":"

Each building material needs a specific kind of wall plug. Different kinds of wall plugs are available for special situations, and these often give a stronger mouting than universal wall plugs. After you’ve found the right kind of wall plug for the job, the next step is to choose the right size. The drill bit diameter is the same as the wall plug diameter. This is usually indicated on the wall plug, for example S6 for a wall plug and drill bit diameter of 6 mm.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":174,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"175","group_ID":"17","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Pluggen_2.png","afbeelding_title":"How to use wall plugs - Universal wall plugs","titel":"Universal wall plugs","bericht":"

The classical nylon wall plug is available in different basic types. When you tighten the screw the wall plug expands, so it anchors itself firmly in the wall. Drill the hole with a hammer drill and tap the plug gently into place. Then you can fit the screw. Make sure you use a type of screw that is suitable for use with wall plugs, and that has the right length and thickness for the wall plug you’re using.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":175,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"176","group_ID":"17","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Pluggen_3.png","afbeelding_title":"How to use wall plugs - Hammer fixings","titel":"Hammer fixings","bericht":"

These wall plugs contain a steel nail or special screw which is driven into place in the plug with a hammer. This is a lot faster than using a conventional screw, and is ideal for fitting plinths, wooden beams, window frames, ceiling panels and wall cladding. If necessary you can tighten the screw with a screwdriver after driving it into place.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":176,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"177","group_ID":"17","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Pluggen_4.png","afbeelding_title":"How to use wall plugs - Butterfly wall plugs","titel":"Butterfly wall plugs","bericht":"

These nylon wall plugs are intended for use in hollow walls and consist of 2 sections. When the screw is tightened, the back part of the plug is folded double towards the front of the plug. Another variant is the butterfly plug. This has 4 ‘wings’, and is ideal for mounting in shallow holes. You can use these wall plugs for hanging paintings, light mirrors and other light items. This kind of plug gives a strong grip in plasterboard and similar materials.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":177,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"178","group_ID":"17","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Pluggen_5.png","afbeelding_title":"How to use wall plugs - Anchor bolts","titel":"Anchor bolts","bericht":"

These wall plugs are intended for fixings that have to support heavy loads such as large shelves or racks. An M12 anchor bolt can usually support a load of up to 200 kg. When the nut or hook is tightened, the conical anchor is pulled inwards. The resulting pressure causes the metal segments to expand and press strongly against the surrounding material.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":178,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"179","group_ID":"17","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Pluggen_6.png","afbeelding_title":"How to use wall plugs - Plasterboard plug","titel":"Plasterboard plug","bericht":"

This plug forms a thicker section inside or behind a hollow wall. When a screw is inserted and tightened the segments expand and fold out like an umbrella. These plugs can be used with different kinds of panels, and are also suitable for mounting light items on ceilings.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":179,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"180","group_ID":"17","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Pluggen_7.png","afbeelding_title":"How to use wall plugs - Toggle plug","titel":"Toggle plug","bericht":"

Toggle plugs are mainly used in ceilings and hollow walls. They have spring-loaded ‘wings’ mounted on a screw thread. The plug is pushed through the hole with the wings closed. and these then spread out when they are released and the screw is tightened.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":180,"extra_tips":"nee"}],"tip":[{"ID":"13","group_ID":"stepbystep_17","tip":"

\tRemove plugs carefully to avoid unnecessary damage to the wall and plasterwork. You can pull plugs out with needle nose pliers or a screw inserted just a few turns into the plug. If you hold a strip of wood under the nose of the pliers, this will prevent damage to the wall. <\/p> ","tool_tip":"","conversie":",,","tip_afbeelding":""}],"tooltips":[]},{"ID":"18","group_ID":"1","category":",3,11,10,2,6,4,1,","titel":"How to fit a roller blind","vraag":"Fitting and hanging a roller blind","omschrijving":"

You can usually buy roller blinds in different sizes. If you’re lucky, you’ll be able to find one that fits your window perfectly. But if not, it’s easy to cut a blind to the right size. Choose a blind that’s slightly longer and wider than the window frame. You can cut the top roller of the blind to the right size with a hacksaw.<\/p>

What kinds of roller blinds are available?<\/strong>
Roller blinds are available in different materials such as vinyl, cotton and ISO (with an insulating aluminium backing).<\/p> ","gereedschap":["electric drill\/driver","wood or masonry drill (6 mm)","spirit level","hobby knife","hacksaw","awl","try square","screwdriver","tape measure ","file"],"positie":0,"introductie_image":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Rolgordijn_1_2.png","introductie_image_title":"Fitting and hanging a roller blind","meta_title":"How to fit a roller blind","meta_description":"You can buy roller blinds in different sizes. It\u2019s easy to cut a blind to the right size thanks to our step-by-step instruction. ","meta_keywords":"roller blind, hanging, fitting, blinds, size, made to measure, how to hang, how to make, how to","small_header_image":"","afbeelding_header":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/fitting_and_hanging_a_rollerblind.jpg","afbeelding_header_title":"How to fit a roller blind","afbeelding_overzicht":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/fitting_and_hanging_a_rollerblind_cat.jpg","afbeelding_overzicht_title":"How to fit a roller blind","gerelateerde_stappenplannen":",47,42,17,","gerelateerde_klustips":",35,8,47,","forceer_homepage":"nee","hits":"3","stap":[{"ID":"139","group_ID":"18","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Rolgordijn_1.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit a roller blind - Choosing the right place","titel":"Choosing the right place","bericht":"

Depending on the available space and your own preference, you can fit the roller blind in front of the window in different ways:
1. You can hang the blind on the window frame.
2. You can hang the blind on the wall, above the window frame.
3. You can hang the blind on the ceiling.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":139,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"140","group_ID":"18","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Rolgordijn_2_3.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit a roller blind - Check for obstacles","titel":"Check for obstacles","bericht":"

Check that there are no protruding parts that could obstruct the roller blind when you raise or lower it – for example a window handle that sticks out too far. In that case you can consider hanging the blind so that it rolls and unrolls from the front of the roller, instead of from the back.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":140,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"141","group_ID":"18","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Rolgordijn_4N_2.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit a roller blind - Measure the width","titel":"Measure the width","bericht":"

If you want to hang the blind inside the window frame, measure the width of the blind including the mounting brackets. Allow 5 mm extra space at each side of the frame so you can fit the brackets easily.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":142,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"142","group_ID":"18","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Rolgordijn_5.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit a roller blind - Decide on which side you want to fit the chain","titel":"Decide on which side you want to fit the chain","bericht":"

Decide whether you want to fit the chain of the roller blind on the left or right side. After marking out the position, fix the brackets inside or onto the window frame. The bracket with a protruding pin, hex-head fitting or groove is usually the side with the chain mechanism. Check first if this is the case, as it can differ from one brand to another.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":143,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"143","group_ID":"18","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Rolgordijn_6.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit Venetian blinds - Fitting the brackets to the window frame or wall","titel":"Fitting the brackets to the window frame or wall","bericht":"

Decide on the position of the first bracket and mark the drilling holes. If you’re fitting the bracket to the window frame, first pre-drill the holes with a thin wood drill bit (2.5 mm). Or if you’re fitting the blind to the wall, use a 6 mm masonry drill bit together with wall plugs of the same size. Then fit the first bracket and lightly tighten the screws. Using a long strip of wood, adjust the roller with a spirit level so it is horizontal. Then mark the drilling holes for the second bracket.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":144,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"144","group_ID":"18","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Rolgordijn_7.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit a roller blind - Fitting the brackets to the ceiling","titel":"Fitting the brackets to the ceiling","bericht":"

Measure out the center of the window frame, and use a try square to mark this point on the ceiling. From that center point, measure out the positions of the brackets to the left and right (each half of the total length).<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":145,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"145","group_ID":"18","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Rolgordijn_8N_1.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit a roller blind - Cutting the blind to the right width","titel":"Cutting the blind to the right width","bericht":"

When you shorten the roller, you need to subtract the thickness of both brackets from the total measured width. On average that means subtracting an extra 2 x 4 mm from the measured width. Mark off the resulting width on the roller and saw off the rest. Fit the end cap with pin onto the roller. Now saw the lower rod of the blind to the same width.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":146,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"146","group_ID":"18","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Rolgordijn_9N_3.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit a roller blind - Cutting the fabric to size","titel":"Cutting the fabric to size","bericht":"

To measure and cut the fabric of the blind to size, first place it on a flat surface. Use the lower rod of the blind, after you have sawn it to the right width, to mark off the same width on the fabric. Then cut the fabric to size. The best way to do this is with a sharp hobby knife, although you can also use scissors.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":147,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"147","group_ID":"18","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Rolgordijn_10.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit a roller blind - Fixing the fabric to the roller","titel":"Fixing the fabric to the roller","bericht":"

Remove the protective foil from the self-adhesive strip on the roller. The fabric has to roll up and down at the window side. Check carefully on which side the chain mechanism is located. The fabric must be fixed to the roller so it is perfectly horizontal, as otherwise it will not roll up straight! Fold the last 5 cm of the fabric over, making a sharp fold. Then place the roller into the fold with the self-adhesive strip facing upwards. Using both hands, roll the roller up to the top edge of the fabric, keeping it perfectly straight. Then roll up ¾ of the blind, and insert the lower rod into the opening provided. The blind is now ready to be hung up.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":148,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"148","group_ID":"18","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Rolgordijn_11.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit a roller blind - Hanging the blind","titel":"Hanging the blind","bericht":"

First insert the roller into the bracket with the chain mechanism, and then into the other bracket.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":191,"extra_tips":"nee"}],"tip":[{"ID":"12","group_ID":"stepbystep_18","tip":"

\tSpecial roller blinds with a spring mechanism are available for skylights and tilting windows. If you know the brand of the window, you will usually be able to buy matching roller blinds. These are made to measure, and are easy to fit.<\/p> ","tool_tip":"","conversie":",,","tip_afbeelding":""}],"tooltips":[]},{"ID":"19","group_ID":"1","category":",3,11,","titel":"How to hang a mirror","vraag":"Hanging a mirror","omschrijving":"

As well as in the bathroom and toilet, you can also hang mirrors at other places in your home – for example in the hall, living room or bedroom. Check that a mirror is a good fit for the room and matches the decor. A mirror can make a room look bigger.

Attention points<\/strong>
Before drilling holes in the wall, first make sure there are no water or gas pipes or electric cables at the place where you intend to drill. Special electronic detectors are available to find the positions of any hidden pipes or cables. <\/p> ","gereedschap":["hammer drill","screwdriver","step ladder ","spirit level"],"positie":0,"introductie_image":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Spiegel_ophangen_1_2.png","introductie_image_title":"Hanging a mirror","meta_title":"How to hang a mirror","meta_description":"You can hang mirrors in the bathroom, toilet, hall, living room or bedroom. Check that a mirror is a good fit for the room and matches the decor. ","meta_keywords":"mirror, hanging, hang, mirrors, how to ","small_header_image":"","afbeelding_header":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/hanging_a_mirror.jpg","afbeelding_header_title":"How to hang a mirror","afbeelding_overzicht":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/hanging_a_mirror_cat.jpg","afbeelding_overzicht_title":"How to hang a mirror","gerelateerde_stappenplannen":",52,20,51,","gerelateerde_klustips":",15,17,34,","forceer_homepage":"nee","hits":"4","stap":[{"ID":"159","group_ID":"19","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Spiegel_ophangen_1.png","afbeelding_title":"How to hang a mirror - General guide","titel":"General guide","bericht":"

Hang the center of the mirror at eye level. On average this is 1.65 m. Or slightly lower if you have some smaller people in your family. Make sure the mirror is large enough to extend over the top of your head so that taller people can also use it.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":159,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"160","group_ID":"19","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Spiegel_ophangen_2.png","afbeelding_title":"How to hang a mirror - A mirror in the bathroom","titel":"A mirror in the bathroom","bericht":"

A mirror is an essential accessory in the bathroom or toilet. The mirror should be big enough, at the right height, and ideally it should also be illuminated. If possible the light fitting should illuminate the whole area of the mirror.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":160,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"161","group_ID":"19","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Spiegel_ophangen_3_1.png","afbeelding_title":"How to hang a mirror - Check everything once again before you start drilling","titel":"Check everything once again before you start drilling","bericht":"

If you have to drill into tiles in the bathroom or toilet, mark off the position of the hole on a strip of masking tape. This will help to prevent the drill from slipping away. Use a spirit level or follow the gap between the tiles. Check that the position of the second hole is horizontally aligned with the first. Drill slowly without using the impact function. Make sure the hole is deep enough so the plug is fully recessed in the wall, behind the tile. This prevents the tile from cracking when you tighten the screw. Try to fit all items as far as possible in line, as this gives the most regular appearance.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":162,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"162","group_ID":"19","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Spiegel_ophangen_5.png","afbeelding_title":"How to hang a mirror - Choose the right wall plug","titel":"Choose the right wall plug","bericht":"

For a brick or concrete wall use universal 6 mm wall plugs, with a drill bit of the same diameter. For heavier mirrors it’s advisable to use an 8 mm drill and matching plugs. Or for very heavy mirrors (over 20 kg) it’s best to use metal anchor bolts.<\/p> ","tip":"See also the article \u2018Step by Step working with wall plugs<\/a>\u2019.","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":163,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"163","group_ID":"19","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Spiegel_ophangen_6.png","afbeelding_title":"How to hang a mirror - Mounting the mirror","titel":"Mounting the mirror","bericht":"

Light bathroom mirrors can simply be mounted with mirror clips, decorative holders or an aluminium profile. Don’t use silicone sealant – this can be acidic, and can attack the mirror coating.<\/p> ","tip":"With the right lighting you can choose to accentuate the mirror or illuminate it subtly. You\u2019ll need to have a wall power outlet near the mirror.","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":184,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"190","group_ID":"19","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Spiegel_ophangen_4_1.png","afbeelding_title":"How to hang a mirror - Heated mirrors (optional)","titel":"Heated mirrors (optional)","bericht":"

If you take a shower and you can’t see anything in the mirror afterwards, you can consider using mirror heating. This is fitted behind the mirror and prevents condensation.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":161,"extra_tips":"nee"}],"tip":[{"ID":"20","group_ID":"stepbystep_19","tip":"

\tIt’s best to use a hammer if you have to drill into a concrete wall or ceiling.<\/p> ","tool_tip":"Skil offers powerful pneumatic hammers at an affordable price.","conversie":",1198,","tip_afbeelding":""}],"tooltips":[]},{"ID":"20","group_ID":"1","category":",3,","titel":"How to fit bathroom accessories","vraag":"Fitting bathroom accessories","omschrijving":"

Your toilet or bathroom isn’t complete without accessories like a towel rail, cup holder, bath towel ring, hair dryer holder, soap dish and shelf for your toiletries. We’ll tell you how you can easily hang up all these items in this article.<\/p>

Attention points<\/strong>
Before drilling holes in the wall, first make sure there are no water or gas pipes or electric cables at the place where you intend to drill. Special electronic detectors are available to find the positions of any hidden pipes or cables.<\/p>

Don’t forget to wear gloves and safety glasses when you remove the old accessories.<\/p> ","gereedschap":["tape measure","hammer drill","spirit level ","screwdriver"],"positie":0,"introductie_image":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Accesoires_3.png","introductie_image_title":"Fitting bathroom accessories","meta_title":"How to fit bathroom accessories","meta_description":"Your bathroom isn\u2019t complete without accessories like a towel rail, hair dryer holder and soap dish. We\u2019ll tell you how you can hang up all these items.","meta_keywords":"accessories, bathroom, fitting, holder, towel, drill, drilling, tile, tiles, accessory, how to","small_header_image":"","afbeelding_header":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/fitting_bathroom_accessories.jpg","afbeelding_header_title":"How to fit bathroom accessories","afbeelding_overzicht":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/fitting_bathroom_accessories_cat.jpg","afbeelding_overzicht_title":"How to fit bathroom accessories","gerelateerde_stappenplannen":",16,19,17,","gerelateerde_klustips":",15,38,17,","forceer_homepage":"nee","hits":"6","stap":[{"ID":"149","group_ID":"20","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Accesoires_1.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit bathroom accessories - First measure the positions of all items ","titel":"First measure the positions of all items ","bericht":"

Try to fit all items as far as possible in line, as this gives the most regular appearance. Use the gaps between the tiles as a guide. Check first if you can drill the holes in the gaps between the tiles. This makes the holes easier to drill, you won’t damage the tiles and you’ll be sure that you fit the bathroom accessories in a straight line.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":0,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"150","group_ID":"20","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Accesoires_2.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit bathroom accessories - Drilling in a tile","titel":"Drilling in a tile","bericht":"

If you can’t avoid drilling in a tile, mark the position of the hole on two crossed strips of masking tape. This makes the place you have marked more easily visible on darker tiles, and will also help to prevent the drill from slipping away.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":1,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"151","group_ID":"20","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Accesoires_3.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit bathroom accessories - Check everything one more time before you start drilling","titel":"Check everything one more time before you start drilling","bericht":"

For example: if you’re fitting a shelf in the bathroom, hold it against the wall in the desired position. Put a spirit level on the shelf, adjust the shelf to make it horizontal, and mark the position underneath the shelf. Then check that the second hole is horizontally aligned with the first.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":2,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"152","group_ID":"20","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Accesoires_4.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit bathroom accessories - Drill slowly into the tile ","titel":"Drill slowly into the tile ","bericht":"

Drill slowly without using the impact function. Once you’re through the tile you can switch the impact function on again. Make sure the hole is deep enough so the plug is fully recessed in the wall, behind the tile. This prevents the tile from cracking when you tighten the screw.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":3,"extra_tips":"nee"}],"tip":[{"ID":"10","group_ID":"stepbystep_20","tip":"

\tDuring building or renovation work it’s a good idea to make photos of the places where pipes and cables run in the walls. Then you’ll know where to avoid drilling in the future.<\/p> ","tool_tip":"","conversie":",,","tip_afbeelding":""}],"tooltips":[]},{"ID":"21","group_ID":"1","category":",14,4,","titel":"How to fit an extra shelf in your wardrobe","vraag":"Fitting an extra shelf in your wardrobe","omschrijving":"

Wardrobes and other kinds of cupboards often have plenty of space for all your things, but their interior layout isn’t always very handy. By fitting an extra shelf in a new or existing cupboard, you can create new space to keep everything tidy. And if your storage needs change, it’s easy to add more shelves to give you even more space.<\/p>

Attention points<\/h2>

The first thing to do is take a look at what kind of shelves are used in your cupboard or wardrobe. Usually these are made of particle board with a veneer or laminated surface and a thickness of 16 or 18 mm. The shelves can be secured in different ways – often some or all of them are fixed to the side panels.<\/p> ","gereedschap":["measuring tape","electric drill","spirit level","awl","screwdriver","hammer ","saw (hand or power saw)"],"positie":0,"introductie_image":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Legplanken2_1_2.png","introductie_image_title":"Fitting an extra shelf in your wardrobe","meta_title":"How to fit an extra shelf in your wardrobe","meta_description":"Wardrobes often have plenty of space for all your things, but their interior layout isn\u2019t always very handy. Create new space by fitting an extra shelf. ","meta_keywords":"wardrobe, shelf, fitting, shelves, space, cupboard, how to","small_header_image":"","afbeelding_header":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/fitting_an_extra_shelf_in_your_wardrobe.jpg","afbeelding_header_title":"How to fit an extra shelf in your wardrobe","afbeelding_overzicht":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/fitting_an_extra_shelf_in_your_wardrobe_cat.jpg","afbeelding_overzicht_title":"How to fit an extra shelf in your wardrobe","gerelateerde_stappenplannen":",34,16,48,","gerelateerde_klustips":",4,44,35,","forceer_homepage":"nee","hits":"12","stap":[{"ID":"94","group_ID":"21","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Legplanken2_1.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit an extra shelf in your wardrobe - Shelf widths and spacings","titel":"Shelf widths and spacings","bericht":"

The shelf widths and spacings don’t need to be the same everywhere. You can vary them to meet your own storage needs, for example by alternating the shelf depths, or by putting in one or two shelves that are less deep.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":94,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"95","group_ID":"21","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Legplanken2_2.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit an extra shelf in your wardrobe - What kind of material","titel":"What kind of material","bericht":"

The most commonly used material for cupboard or wardrobe shelves is particle board. This is often finished with a veneer or plastic laminate surface on both sides. Particle board tends to bend even when it’s only lightly loaded. Gluing or screwing a strip of wood to the front and back edges of the upper surface is often enough to make the shelf stronger and stiffer.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":95,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"96","group_ID":"21","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Legplanken2_3.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit an extra shelf in your wardrobe - Sawing to size","titel":"Sawing to size","bericht":"

First check with a try square that the cupboard or wardrobe walls are at right-angles to the back panel, and the back panel is flat. Measure the width of the top or bottom shelf to find the width of the new shelf. Then you can order it ready to use, or you can cut it to size yourself using a hand saw or electrical saw.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":96,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"97","group_ID":"21","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Legplanken2_4.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit an extra shelf in your wardrobe - Veneer edging tape","titel":"Veneer edging tape","bericht":"

If you’re using particle board with a veneer finish, the exposed edge after sawing isn’t so attractive. You can finish it using a matching iron-on veneer edging tape. Hold the tape in place and run over it with a hot iron so that it bonds to the edge of the shelf. Or of course you can cover the shelf with self-adhesive plastic foil, magazine pages or whatever you like.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":97,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"98","group_ID":"21","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Legplanken2_5.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit an extra shelf in your wardrobe - Shelf brackets","titel":"Shelf brackets","bericht":"

The next step is to fit the shelf brackets. There are different types, check which ones are already used in your cupboard or wardrobe. Some of the most common types are:
• Wooden supports that are screwed to the side panels. These have the same length as the depth of the shelf.
• Adjustable shelf systems. Drill holes in the side panel (not too deep) and insert sleeves into which pins are pushed to support the shelf. Or of course you can insert pins or wooden dowels directly into the side panels.
• Fixed supports or brackets secured by screws or nails, both to the side panels and under the shelf.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":98,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"99","group_ID":"21","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Legplanken2_6.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit an extra shelf in your wardrobe - Positioning the shelf","titel":"Positioning the shelf","bericht":"

Take care when marking the position of the supports on both side panels. If you just measure the distance from the top or bottom of the cupboard or wardrobe, that’s no guarantee that the shelf will be level. The best method is to put a spirit level on the shelf, hold it in place between the two side panels and mark off the right position. Or you can use an equal spacing between the two nearest shelves, measured from the top of the upper shelf.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":99,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"100","group_ID":"21","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Legplanken2_7.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit an extra shelf in your wardrobe - Screwing into place","titel":"Screwing into place","bericht":"

Screw the supports to the side panels. Then place the shelf on the supports and use the awl to pierce small holes in the underside of the shelf. Screw the shelf into place using short, pointed screws.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":100,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"101","group_ID":"21","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Legplanken2_8.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit an extra shelf in your wardrobe - Reinforcement","titel":"Reinforcement","bericht":"

You can reinforce the shelves with extra wooden strips made of the same material as the shelves themselves. If you fix the strip at the front edge of the shelf, it will make the shelf look thicker. Use white wood glue and secure the strip in place with one or more wood clamps or a few screws.<\/p> ","tip":"It\u2019s often useful to fit shelves in a way that lets you store low and high things next to each other. That way you always have the right shelf space available. A short shelf with an extra vertical divider can then be a good solution.","tip_afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Legplanken2_9T_3.png","tip_afbeelding_title":"Fitting an extra shelf in your wardrobe - Reinforcement","positie":101,"extra_tips":"nee"}],"tip":[{"ID":"7","group_ID":"stepbystep_21","tip":"

\tFor long cuts in wood or particle board, a circular saw<\/a> gives the best results.<\/p> ","tool_tip":"","conversie":",,","tip_afbeelding":""}],"tooltips":[]},{"ID":"22","group_ID":"3","category":",10,9,","titel":"How to repair a wooden window frame","vraag":"Repairing a wooden window frame","omschrijving":"

It’s easy to repair a wooden window frame so that it will last for years. After filling, sanding and painting, the window frame will look like new.<\/p> ","gereedschap":["fine-toothed saw","hammer","wood chisel ","electric sander ","square","carpenter\u2019s rule or tape measure","pencil ","jigsaw"],"positie":0,"introductie_image":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Houtenkozijn_4.png","introductie_image_title":"Repairing a wooden window frame","meta_title":"How to repair a wooden window frame","meta_description":"It\u2019s easy to repair a wooden window frame so that it will last for years. After filling, sanding and painting, the window frame will look like new. ","meta_keywords":"window frame wooden repairing will 2013 need square section replacement chisel electric sander carpenter\u2019s rule image houtenkozijn upload pencil measure wood tape like last years that repair rsquo easy after filling fine toothed 2012 look sanding painting hammer, how to","small_header_image":"","afbeelding_header":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/repairing_a_wooden_window_frame.jpg","afbeelding_header_title":"How to repair a wooden window frame","afbeelding_overzicht":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/repairing_a_wooden_window_frame_cat.jpg","afbeelding_overzicht_title":"How to repair a wooden window frame","gerelateerde_stappenplannen":",3,44,29,","gerelateerde_klustips":",41,4,47,","forceer_homepage":"nee","hits":"10","stap":[{"ID":"104","group_ID":"22","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Houtenkozijn_1.png","afbeelding_title":"How to repair a wooden window frame - Remove all the rot","titel":"Remove all the rot","bericht":"

First check carefully that there’s no danger from breaking glass while you’re working. Then use a hammer and chisel to remove all the rotten wood.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":104,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"105","group_ID":"22","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Houtenkozijn_2.png","afbeelding_title":"How to repair a wooden window frame - Clean well","titel":"Clean well","bericht":"

Make sure you completely remove any remaining smaller rotten areas in the window frame. Clear out the debris and clean the working area thoroughly.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":105,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"106","group_ID":"22","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Houtenkozijn_3.png","afbeelding_title":"How to repair a wooden window frame - Treating with wood filler","titel":"Treating with wood filler","bericht":"

When everything is clean, treat the affected area with wood filler. This acts as both an adhesive and a filler. Sand the area after drying, then apply a finishing layer of filler, allow to dry and sand smooth. After that you can paint the window frame.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":106,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"107","group_ID":"22","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Houtenkozijn_4.png","afbeelding_title":"How to repair a wooden window frame - Replacing larger sections","titel":"Replacing larger sections","bericht":"

If the wood rot has affected a larger area, it’s best to replace a complete section of the window frame. It’s better to remove a bit too much sound wood than to leave some of the rotten wood untreated. Try to make the edges of the opening as straight and square as possible, and then clean the working area thoroughly with a vacuum cleaner or brush.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":107,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"108","group_ID":"22","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Houtenkozijn_5.png","afbeelding_title":"How to repair a wooden window frame - Make a replacement section","titel":"Make a replacement section","bericht":"

Make a new section in the same shape and out of the same kind of wood to replace the piece you have removed, so that it fits exactly into the opening.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":108,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"109","group_ID":"22","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Houtenkozijn_6.png","afbeelding_title":"How to repair a wooden window frame - Fit the replacement section with epoxy resin","titel":"Fit the replacement section with epoxy resin","bericht":"

Coat both parts with undiluted epoxy resin. Let the resin set briefly, and then fit the new section into the opening. Epoxy resin also acts as a filler, so you can use it to fill any gaps between the new section and the window frame.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":109,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"110","group_ID":"22","afbeelding":"","afbeelding_title":"How to repair a wooden window frame - Sand and paint","titel":"Sand and paint","bericht":"

When you’ve completed the repair, all that’s left is to sand the working area so that it’s flat and smooth, and then finish the job by painting.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":110,"extra_tips":"nee"}],"tip":[{"ID":"8","group_ID":"stepbystep_22","tip":"

\tAffordable multifunctional tools are available for jobs like this.<\/p> ","tool_tip":"","conversie":",,","tip_afbeelding":""}],"tooltips":[]},{"ID":"23","group_ID":"3","category":",7,6,4,1,","titel":"How to remove wallpaper","vraag":"Stripping wallpaper","omschrijving":"

You want to replace the wallpaper in your home. For example if you’ve moved, or maybe you just feel like a change. Of course you can get a specialist to do the job, but it’s also easy enough to do it yourself.<\/p> ","gereedschap":["wallpaper brush","filling knife","hobby knife","sanding block","steam wallpaper stripper","sponge","bucket","hard brush ","step ladder"],"positie":0,"introductie_image":"","introductie_image_title":"Stripping wallpaper","meta_title":"How to remove wallpaper","meta_description":"You want to replace the wallpaper in your home. Of course you can get a specialist to do the job, but it\u2019s also easy enough to do it yourself. ","meta_keywords":"wallpaper, stripping, remove, wall paper, how to","small_header_image":"","afbeelding_header":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/stripping_wallpaper.jpg","afbeelding_header_title":"How to remove wallpaper","afbeelding_overzicht":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/stripping_wallpaper_cat.jpg","afbeelding_overzicht_title":"How to remove wallpaper","gerelateerde_stappenplannen":",1,15,","gerelateerde_klustips":",27,39,","forceer_homepage":"nee","hits":"5","stap":[{"ID":"193","group_ID":"23","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/BehangVerwijderen_3.png","afbeelding_title":"How to remove wallpaper - Lightweight wallpaper","titel":"Lightweight wallpaper","bericht":"

Make cuts in the wallpaper or use a perforating roller to make small holes. Apply a solution of stripper and warm water to the wallpaper using a sponge or a clean brush, and leave it to soak for a few minutes. Then scrape the paper off with a wide filling knife. Remove wallpaper residues with sandpaper.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":193,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"198","group_ID":"23","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/BehangVerwijderen_8.png","afbeelding_title":"How to remove wallpaper - Finishing","titel":"Finishing","bericht":"

After you’ve removed the wallpaper, you’ll find there are always some small remaining residues. Soak these spots well and scrape the residues off with the filler knife, or sand them with a sanding sponge. Fill any holes or other damage with wall filler and spread smoothly with the filler knife.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":198,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"197","group_ID":"23","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/BehangVerwijderen_7.png","afbeelding_title":"How to remove wallpaper - Steam wallpaper stripper","titel":"Steam wallpaper stripper","bericht":"

For large areas it’s best to use a steam wallpaper stripper. Fill the machine with water and wait until the water reaches working temperature. Start at the top in a corner, and hold the steam nozzle on the same spot for a few moments. The wallpaper will then soften, and you can easily scrape it off using a wide filling knife. Work carefully and smoothly, otherwise you may damage the surface which will mean you need to fill it later. Work from the top of the wall downwards, because the water from the steam stripper will then drip down the wall and moisten the wallpaper below. If the adhesive easily softens, you can (carefully!) pull large pieces off the wall with the help of the filling knife. Finally, remove any wallpaper and adhesive residues with sandpaper.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":197,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"196","group_ID":"23","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/BehangVerwijderen_6.png","afbeelding_title":"How to remove wallpaper - Painted wallpaper","titel":"Painted wallpaper","bericht":"

If your walls are painted with acrylic paint, you can clean them with soapy water containing a degreasing product. Sand the surface where the paint is damaged or peeling, this will improve the adhesion of the wallpaper. It is advisable to treat the walls with primer before applying the wallpaper.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":196,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"195","group_ID":"23","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/BehangVerwijderen_5.png","afbeelding_title":"How to remove wallpaper - Fiber lining paper","titel":"Fiber lining paper","bericht":"

This kind of wallpaper is applied using water-based paste. Make cuts or perforations in the wallpaper, using a heavier perforating roller that can penetrate more easily through the paper to the adhesive layer. Soak the paper with hot water using a sponge.
Fiber lining paper is usually overpainted with emulsion paint. This is waterproof, which makes it harder to remove by steaming and soaking. The only option is then to sand the surface before stripping. Or you could decide not to strip the wallpaper, but instead to paint over it in the desired color. That will save you a lot of time and effort.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":195,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"194","group_ID":"23","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/BehangVerwijderen_4.png","afbeelding_title":"How to remove wallpaper - Heavy wallpaper","titel":"Heavy wallpaper","bericht":"

Make small holes in the wallpaper with a perforating roller. Then steam the wallpaper with a steam wallpaper stripper. The perforations will ensure that the steam reaches behind the wallpaper, which can then be stripped off more easily. This is a good method to remove wallpaper which has been painted over, because otherwise the paper is resistant to moisture.

Vinyl wallpaper <\/strong>
Vinyl wallpaper consists of two layers which need to be removed separately. You can strip the top layer off the bottom layer without using stripper. Then you can just apply new wallpaper onto the this bottom layer. If you want to remove all the layers, use a perforating roller or wire brush followed by a steam wallpaper stripper.

Lining paper <\/strong>
Lining paper can easily be pulled off the wall.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":194,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"192","group_ID":"23","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/BehangVerwijderen_2.png","afbeelding_title":"How to remove wallpaper - Using wallpaper stripper","titel":"Using wallpaper stripper","bericht":"

For relatively small walls you can use wallpaper stripper. Dilute the stripper according to the instructions on the pack. Apply generously with a wallpaper brush, and leave to soak for a few minutes. Then you can scrape the wallpaper off with a wide filling knife. When you’ve finished, clean the wall thoroughly with water and a hard brush. Repair cracks and other damage with filler, including any gaps between plasterboard panels. After drying, sand the repairs to remove any unevenness in the surface.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":192,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"191","group_ID":"23","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/BehangVerwijderen_1.png","afbeelding_title":"How to remove wallpaper - Preparation","titel":"Preparation","bericht":"

Removing wallpaper makes a lot of mess, with water splashes and paper and paste residues. It’s a good idea to use a polythene sheet or tarpaulin to prevent water damage. Place cupboards and other furniture in the middle of the room, wear old clothes and make sure you have a sturdy step ladder. Electricity outlets and switches need extra attention, and should be carefully covered with masking tape. Switch off the electrical group in the meter cabinet for the room in which you’re working, and check that the power outlets in the room really are switched off.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":191,"extra_tips":"nee"}],"tip":[],"tooltips":[]},{"ID":"24","group_ID":"2","category":",5,","titel":"How to build a sandpit","vraag":"Building a sandpit","omschrijving":"

A sandpit in the garden is a lot of fun for children and parents alike. You can choose a ready-to-use solution or you can do the job yourself. Then you can make it in the size that best fits your garden.<\/p>

Required materials<\/strong>
– Planed garden planks
    Impregnated for resistance to rotting, fungus and insects
    Size 142 mm x 1800 mm long, thickness 16 mm
– Fence posts for the 4 uprights: 65 x 65 mm, 240 cm long
– Anti-root membrane and sandpit sand
– For extra protection: hardwood oil or varnish<\/p> ","gereedschap":["screwdriver","drill","saw","spade","shovel"],"positie":0,"introductie_image":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Zandbak_8_6.png","introductie_image_title":"Building a sandpit","meta_title":"How to build a sandpit","meta_description":"A sandpit in the garden is a lot of fun for children and parents alike. You can choose a ready-to-use solution or you can do the job yourself. ","meta_keywords":"sandpit, sand pit, wooden, make, build, how to","small_header_image":"","afbeelding_header":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/building_a_sandpit.jpg","afbeelding_header_title":"How to build a sandpit","afbeelding_overzicht":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/building_a_sandpit_cat.jpg","afbeelding_overzicht_title":"How to build a sandpit","gerelateerde_stappenplannen":",48,29,11,","gerelateerde_klustips":",29,19,47,","forceer_homepage":"nee","hits":"5","stap":[{"ID":"206","group_ID":"24","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Zandbak_8.png","afbeelding_title":"How to build a sandpit - Filling","titel":"Filling","bericht":"

Place the sandpit on the ground so it is level, and fill it with sandpit-grade sand. 12 bags of 25 kg is enough for a sandpit of 1.5 m x 1.5 m. You’ll need to replace the sand regularly for hygiene reasons.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":206,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"204","group_ID":"24","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Zandbak_6.png","afbeelding_title":"How to build a sandpit - Making a cover","titel":"Making a cover","bericht":"

You want to be able to cover the sandpit to keep dogs, cats and garden debris out. Fix the planks at right-angles onto 2 similar planks (or narrower fence posts), with a gap of about 1 cm for ventilation. If you make the cover in 2 parts it’s easier to lift it off and replace it.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":204,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"205","group_ID":"24","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Zandbak_7.png","afbeelding_title":"How to build a sandpit - Finishing ","titel":"Finishing ","bericht":"

Treat the wooden planks and posts with a protective varnish for a longer lifetime.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":205,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"203","group_ID":"24","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Zandbak_5.png","afbeelding_title":"How to build a sandpit - Building the walls","titel":"Building the walls","bericht":"

Saw the planks for the side walls and the fence posts to the desired size. Drive the posts into the ground at the corners, and fit the planks to the posts. Pre-drill the screw holes to prevent splitting. Each side consists of 3 or 4 planks of the same length. Use 4 planks to make the top edges of the sandpit, and saw the ends at 45° so they fit together neatly. Screw the edge planks firmly to the tops of the fence posts.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":203,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"202","group_ID":"24","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Zandbak_4.png","afbeelding_title":"How to build a sandpit - Anti-root membrane","titel":"Anti-root membrane","bericht":"

Make sure the bottom of the sandpit is flat, and remove any roots and stones with a shovel. Line the dug-out area with ant-root membrane. The big advantage of this material is that it allows rainwater to drain away but stops weed growth.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":202,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"201","group_ID":"24","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Zandbak_3.png","afbeelding_title":"How to build a sandpit - Digging out the ground","titel":"Digging out the ground","bericht":"

To start with, you need to mark out the perimeter of the sandpit with small posts and string. Dig out around the edges with a spade and then finish digging out the whole area to a depth of around 20 cm.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":201,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"200","group_ID":"24","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Zandbak_2.png","afbeelding_title":"How to build a sandpit - Dimensions","titel":"Dimensions","bericht":"

A sandpit is mainly there for young children, so it’s only temporary. Of course the size has to be matched to the available space in your garden. If you want to make the sandpit higher, you can simply use more planks. But don’t make a sandpit for small children too large – they often play alone, and can feel lost in a large sandpit.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":200,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"199","group_ID":"24","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Zandbak_1.png","afbeelding_title":"How to build a sandpit - Find the best location","titel":"Find the best location","bericht":"

The sandpit shouldn’t be exposed to full sunlight. The best location is half in sunlight and half shaded. But it also shouldn’t be in a dark corner, or in a moist location. The sandpit is usually a place where children are running around with a lot of activity. It’s ideal to have a shock-absorbent path made of rubber tiles around the sandpit. Also remember that dogs and cats love sandpits, so make sure you can cover the sandpit with a cover or tarpaulin.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":199,"extra_tips":"nee"}],"tip":[{"ID":"4434","group_ID":"stepbystep_24","tip":"

\tIf you prefer not to sink the sandpit into the ground, you can place it on a small paved area.<\/p> ","tool_tip":"","conversie":",,","tip_afbeelding":""}],"tooltips":[]},{"ID":"25","group_ID":"1","category":",13,6,","titel":"How to insulate pipes","vraag":"Insulating pipes","omschrijving":"

Insulation isn’t just good for the environment, it will also save you money.<\/p>

Energy is much too valuable to be wasted – what you don’t consume doesn’t need to be produced. Pipes are almost always the weakest link in a heating system, so the simplest way to make savings is to insulate them.<\/p> ","gereedschap":["bread knife","hobby knife","mitre box ","insulating tape"],"positie":0,"introductie_image":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Buisisolatie_3_6.png","introductie_image_title":"Insulating pipes","meta_title":"How to insulate pipes","meta_description":"Insulation is good for the environment and it will save you money. Pipes are the weakest link in a heating system, insulating them makes savings.","meta_keywords":"pipes, insulating, insulate, heating, how to","small_header_image":"","afbeelding_header":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/insulating_pipes.jpg","afbeelding_header_title":"How to insulate pipes","afbeelding_overzicht":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/insulating_pipes_cat.jpg","afbeelding_overzicht_title":"How to insulate pipes","gerelateerde_stappenplannen":",29,36,","gerelateerde_klustips":",6,57,","forceer_homepage":"nee","hits":"25","stap":[{"ID":"207","group_ID":"25","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Buisisolatie_1.png","afbeelding_title":"How to insulate pipes - More comfort is within reach","titel":"More comfort is within reach","bericht":"

Pipes that run through the wall are difficult to insulate because of the lack of space. But what you can do is fill the gaps in the wall with PU foam or mineral wool. The aim of pipe insulation is to reduce heat losses between boiler and radiator or convector to an absolute minimum. The radiators themselves radiate heat in all directions, including towards the walls. And if the wall is a non-insulated outside wall, you’ll lose a lot of heat through it. A good solution is to fit a reflector panel or foil behind the radiator. That prevents heat loss and increases comfort in the room. Which means you can lower the thermostat setting.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":207,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"208","group_ID":"25","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Buisisolatie_2.png","afbeelding_title":"How to insulate pipes - Insulation color code","titel":"Insulation color code","bericht":"

The effectiveness of insulation is expressed as an R-value. The more the insulating material resists the passage of heat, the higher the R-value and the more effective the insulation. Gray 9 mm pipe insulation has an R-value of 0.030, while blue 13 mm pipe insulation has an R-value of 0.035.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":208,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"209","group_ID":"25","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Buisisolatie_3.png","afbeelding_title":"How to insulate pipes - Pipe insulation","titel":"Pipe insulation","bericht":"

Polyethylene has a high R-value, so it has excellent insulating qualities. This material is flame retardant and sound-absorbent (less noise in the pipes). It's easy to apply because it is flexible and easy to slide over the pipe. It is also non-shrink.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":209,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"210","group_ID":"25","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Buisisolatie_4.png","afbeelding_title":"How to insulate pipes - Cutting the insulation tube to length","titel":"Cutting the insulation tube to length","bericht":"

Cutting the insulation tube to length is very simple. Use a mitre box in which you can cut the insulation tube at angles of 30° and 45°. To cut the tube you can use a breadknife with a 30 cm straight blade. Pull the tube open along its length and push it over the pipe. Then you can seal the insulation tube with double-sided adhesive tape or insulating tape.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":210,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"211","group_ID":"25","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Buisisolatie_5.png","afbeelding_title":"How to insulate pipes - T-pieces","titel":"T-pieces","bericht":"

Start by applying the insulation at the bends, T-pieces and branches in the pipes. For T-pieces, make a 90° wedge-shaped cut-out in the main tube section extending through to the middle of the tube. In the tube to be joined at 90°, cut off the end at two 45° angles to form a point. Then insert the pointed end into the 90° cut-out in the main tube, so that the two tube sections join neatly. Wind insulating tape around the T-piece to seal the joint.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":211,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"212","group_ID":"25","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Buisisolatie_6.png","afbeelding_title":"How to insulate pipes - 90\u00b0 right-angle bend","titel":"90\u00b0 right-angle bend","bericht":"

Using the mitre box, cut off the ends of 2 lengths of insulation tube at an angle of 45°. Fit both lengths of insulation tube over the pipe so that the 45° ends come together at the 90° right-angle bend, and press the 2 ends together. Wind insulating tape around the bend to seal the joint.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":212,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"213","group_ID":"25","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Buisisolatie_7.png","afbeelding_title":"How to insulate pipes - 90\u00b0 curved bend","titel":"90\u00b0 curved bend","bericht":"

Place the insulation tube in the mitre box with the slit facing upwards. Cut out 2 notches close to each other to almost the full depth of the tube, each with an angle of 30°. Fit the insulation tube with the notches facing the middle of the curve in the pipe. Then wind insulating tape around the cut-outs to seal the joints.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":213,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"214","group_ID":"25","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Buisisolatie_8.png","afbeelding_title":"How to insulate pipes - Wall brackets","titel":"Wall brackets","bericht":"

Measure the distance from the end of the last piece of insulation tube to the wall bracket, and cut a new piece of insulation tube to this length. Fit the tube around the pipe, and then continue with a new piece of insulation tube. Press the ends of the two insulation tubes firmly together and fix them in place with insulating tape.<\/p> ","tip":"Make sure that all joints are well sealed and wound with insulating tape. This will ensure the best possible insulation. ","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":214,"extra_tips":"nee"}],"tip":[{"ID":"4433","group_ID":"stepbystep_25","tip":"

\tYou can also buy pipe insulation tube with a closure mechanism, which allows the joint to be sealed without the need to use tape.<\/p> ","tool_tip":"","conversie":",,","tip_afbeelding":""}],"tooltips":[]},{"ID":"26","group_ID":"3","category":",9,5,","titel":"How to maintain gutters","vraag":"Maintaining rain gutters (tips)","omschrijving":"

A good rain gutter keeps water away from the walls and foundations, and prevents walls from being affected by rising damp.<\/p> ","gereedschap":["hacksaw","brush","paintbrush","file","heat gun or blowtorch ","ladder"],"positie":0,"introductie_image":"","introductie_image_title":"Maintaining rain gutters (tips)","meta_title":"How to maintain gutters","meta_description":"A good rain gutter keeps water away from the walls and foundations, and prevents walls from being affected by rising damp. Tips & Tricks! ","meta_keywords":"rain gutter, rain gutters, repair, clean, gutter, gutters, how to","small_header_image":"","afbeelding_header":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/maintaining_rain_gutters.jpg","afbeelding_header_title":"How to maintain gutters","afbeelding_overzicht":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/maintaining_rain_gutters_cat.jpg","afbeelding_overzicht_title":"How to maintain gutters","gerelateerde_stappenplannen":",52,17,51,","gerelateerde_klustips":",40,1,6,","forceer_homepage":"nee","hits":"3","stap":[{"ID":"215","group_ID":"26","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/DakgootRepareren_1.png","afbeelding_title":"How to maintain gutters - Regular checking","titel":"Regular checking","bericht":"

In essence, a gutter consists of the gutter itself together with a drainpipe. The attachment of the gutter and the drainpipe should be checked regularly. Broken brackets can change the position or slope of the gutter, which can hinder or even prevent proper drainage.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":215,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"216","group_ID":"26","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/DakgootRepareren_2.png","afbeelding_title":"How to maintain gutters - Types of gutters","titel":"Types of gutters","bericht":"

Gutters usually have either a semi-circular or a rectangular cross-section. They are mounted by brackets at the edge of the roof, or to the eaves of the roof or a wooden beam. In older houses the rain gutter may sometimes be covered by a wooden enclosure supported on wooden blocks.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":216,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"217","group_ID":"26","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/DakgootRepareren_3.png","afbeelding_title":"How to maintain gutters - Drainage","titel":"Drainage","bericht":"

The gutter must have enough slope for proper rainwater drainage. The slope towards the drainpipe should be around 3 mm per meter length.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":217,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"218","group_ID":"26","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/DakgootRepareren_4.png","afbeelding_title":"How to maintain gutters - Leaf guards","titel":"Leaf guards","bericht":"

A rain gutter is a natural collecting place for leaves, debris and birds’ nests. If rainwater can’t drain out of the gutter quickly enough after heavy rainfall, the gutter will overflow. That can lead to leaks in unexpected places. You can prevent most problems by fitting a leaf guard to the drainpipe. This will keep out most coarse debris so the drainpipe won’t get blocked so quickly. The leaf guard should be cleaned out regularly to stop it from becoming clogged.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":218,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"219","group_ID":"26","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/DakgootRepareren_5.png","afbeelding_title":"How to maintain gutters - Blockages","titel":"Blockages","bericht":"

Blockages can easily be cleared by removing the cover and cleaning the drain out.
If the underground drainage pipe itself is blocked, you can try to clear it using a flexible drain cleaning coil. Rinse the drain through afterwards with a garden hose. You can also use a high-pressure washer to clear out the debris that is causing the blockage. It’s important that the drainage pipes in the ground have enough slope and that there is no local sinkage which can cause debris to accumulate at the bottom of the pipe. A slope of 1 cm per meter is enough.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":219,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"220","group_ID":"26","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/DakgootRepareren_6.png","afbeelding_title":"How to maintain gutters - Small holes and cracks","titel":"Small holes and cracks","bericht":"

Loading and acid rain can attack a zinc gutter, leading to tiny holes or cracks. If that happens, you don’t always need to replace the gutter – the existing gutter can usually be repaired quite easily. The soldered joints should also be checked regularly for cracks.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":220,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"221","group_ID":"26","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/DakgootRepareren_7.png","afbeelding_title":"How to maintain gutters - Small repairs","titel":"Small repairs","bericht":"

Small holes can be sealed using a flexible mesh fabric with a bitumen coating on the underside. First clean the gutter thoroughly, then heat the mesh fabric with a heat gun or blowtorch until the bitumen melts. Then press the material firmly into place and finish it off with roofing sealant.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":221,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"222","group_ID":"26","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/DakgootRepareren_8.png","afbeelding_title":"How to maintain gutters - Large repairs","titel":"Large repairs","bericht":"

Large holes and cracks can be repaired with two layers of bitumen coating. First clean the gutter thoroughly. Then apply the first layer of thinned coating with a brush and place a piece of elastic fabric over the joints. As soon as the coating is dry, apply a second layer of unthinned coating.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":222,"extra_tips":"nee"}],"tip":[{"ID":"4435","group_ID":"stepbystep_26","tip":"

Just like roofs, gutters can also be affected by moss growth, which can obstruct drainage of water. You can use the same anti-moss products as on the roof to remove moss and prevent its growth.<\/p> ","tool_tip":"","conversie":",,","tip_afbeelding":""}],"tooltips":[]},{"ID":"27","group_ID":"1","category":",5,","titel":"How to fit an outside tap","vraag":"Fitting an outside tap","omschrijving":"

If you have a garden it’s handy to have an outside water tap. That makes it easy to water flowers and plants, or to wash your windows or your car.<\/p> ","gereedschap":["PTFE tape or plumber\u2019s hemp and jointing compound","pipe cutter","hammer drill","masonry chisel","water pump pliers","adjustable wrench ","yardstick"],"positie":0,"introductie_image":"","introductie_image_title":"Fitting an outside tap","meta_title":"How to fit an outside tap","meta_description":"If you have a garden it\u2019s handy to have an outside water tap. That makes it easy to water flowers and plants, or to wash your windows or your car. ","meta_keywords":"outside, tap, tap kit, garden tap, install, fit, fitting, water, how to","small_header_image":"","afbeelding_header":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/fitting_an_outside_tap.jpg","afbeelding_header_title":"How to fit an outside tap","afbeelding_overzicht":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/fitting_an_outside_tap_cat.jpg","afbeelding_overzicht_title":"How to fit an outside tap","gerelateerde_stappenplannen":",52,43,33,","gerelateerde_klustips":",26,55,16,","forceer_homepage":"nee","hits":"3","stap":[{"ID":"223","group_ID":"27","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/BuitenkraanAansluiten_1.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit an outside tap - Preventing freezing of the pipe","titel":"Preventing freezing of the pipe","bericht":"

Fit the outside tap about 50 cm above the ground. Don’t forget to drain the pipe in the winter to prevent freezing. That means the tap must be higher than the place where you connect the pipe. Then you can fit a drain tap at the lowest point in the pipe. Of course it’s a good idea to keep the new pipe as short as possible because of the danger of freezing.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":0,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"224","group_ID":"27","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/BuitenkraanAansluiten_2.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit an outside tap - Water feed","titel":"Water feed","bericht":"

The pipe from the main water shut-off valve usually has a large diameter. Branch connections from this pipe usually have a diameter of 15 mm, and some of the pipes to the points of use may have a diameter of 12 mm. You may therefore have to work with pipes of different diameters. If you’d prefer not to make soldered joints, then you can use compression fittings for all pipe diameters.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":1,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"225","group_ID":"27","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/BuitenkraanAansluiten_3.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit an outside tap - Find the right location","titel":"Find the right location","bericht":"

Select the place where you want to fit the outside tap and where the pipe has to come through the wall. Drill a 20 mm hole through the wall from the inside to the outside, with a slight slope to the outside to keep rainwater out. You can fit the tap to a wall plate or in a countersunk wall mounting. Push a length of electrical conduit pipe through the hole and fill any gaps with sealant. You can bend the pipes yourself or you can use elbow fittings. We recommend the use of compression fittings because of their greater convenience.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":2,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"226","group_ID":"27","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/BuitenkraanAansluiten_4.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit an outside tap - Close the main shut-off valve","titel":"Close the main shut-off valve","bericht":"

Before you start work close the main shut-off valve. Open all feed valves and allow the pipes to drain.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":3,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"227","group_ID":"27","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/BuitenkraanAansluiten_5.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit an outside tap - Cut through the feed pipe ","titel":"Cut through the feed pipe ","bericht":"

Locate the place where you want to insert the T-piece in the feed pipe to connect the outside tap. Then cut through the feed pipe with a hacksaw or pipe cutter and remove a length of about 2 cm from the pipe. File away burrs and sand the pipe ends with wet & dry sandpaper. If there is limited space to work on the pipe, you can use an angle grinder. In that case, make sure you wear safety glasses.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":4,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"228","group_ID":"27","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/BuitenkraanAansluiten_6.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit an outside tap - Compression fittings","titel":"Compression fittings","bericht":"

The simplest way to connect copper pipes together is to use compression fittings. These are available in all shapes and sizes: with different diameters, and as adapters, T-pieces, elbows and end fittings.To fit the T-piece, slide the nut followed by the compression washer or ring over one of the pipe ends. Then push the T-piece onto the pipe end and carefully push the compression ring towards the T-piece. Tighten the nut by hand until you feel the T-piece tighten onto the pipe. Make sure the nut fits straight and turns smoothly. Then slide the nut and the compression ring over the other pipe end, insert it into the T-piece and tighten the nut until it is finger-tight.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":5,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"229","group_ID":"27","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/BuitenkraanAansluiten_7.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit an outside tap - Tighten firmly","titel":"Tighten firmly","bericht":"

Finally tighten the nuts firmly with a wrench of the right size or an adjustable wrench. Tighten carefully, because copper is soft and easily damaged. One turn of the nut is usually enough to ensure a watertight seal.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":6,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"230","group_ID":"27","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/BuitenkraanAansluiten_8.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit an outside tap - The drain tap","titel":"The drain tap","bericht":"

Fit the pipe together with any necessary elbows and compression fittings up to the hole in the outside wall. Fit a drain tap at the lowest point in the pipe so you can drain the pipe in frosty weather. Make sure no other parts of the pipe are lower, because then you won’t be able to drain all the water from the pipe. Fix the pipe to the walls with pipe clips or brackets, using at least 1 clip or bracket per meter of the pipe.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":7,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"231","group_ID":"27","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/BuitenkraanAansluiten_9.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit an outside tap - Fit the wall plate","titel":"Fit the wall plate","bericht":"

Fit the wall plate as close as possible to the place where the pipe passes through the wall. Drill the mounting holes in the wall, insert wall plugs and screw the wall plate into place. Connect the pipe to the fitting in the wall plate and secure everything firmly. Use a tap with an aerator – this is a special valve inside the tap so that a vacuum is not formed if the water pressure drops. This prevents water from a hose connected to the tap flowing back into the feed pipe. Wind 3 turns of PTFE tape clockwise around the thread of the tap, and then fit the tap to the wall plate.<\/p> ","tip":"PTFE tape can only be used once. If you loosen the tap slightly (for example if it isn\u2019t fitted straight), you have to remove it completely and apply new tape. Instead of PTFE tape you can also use hemp with jointing compound; this can be loosened and retightened without leakage. ","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":8,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"232","group_ID":"27","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/BuitenkraanAansluiten_10.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit an outside tap - Countersunk wall mounting","titel":"Countersunk wall mounting","bericht":"

Instead of a wall plate you can use a countersunk wall mounting, which means the tap will be partially recessed into the wall. This makes it less vulnerable and gives a very professional-looking result. To fit a countersunk mounting, remove enough of the masonry around the pipe with a chisel so that the countersunk mounting fits flat and neatly into the wall. Secure the countersunk mounting into the wall with quick-drying cement. This hardens within 20 minutes. Wind PTFE tape around the thread of the outside tap and fit the tap securely in the countersunk mounting. Open the main shut-off valve and check for leaks.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":9,"extra_tips":"nee"}],"tip":[{"ID":"4462","group_ID":"stepbystep_27","tip":"

It's best to use a hammer if you have to drill into a concrete wall or ceiling.<\/p> ","tool_tip":"","conversie":"","tip_afbeelding":""}],"tooltips":[]},{"ID":"28","group_ID":"2","category":",10,4,","titel":"How to fit a fly screen","vraag":"Fitting fly screens to doors and windows","omschrijving":"

In the summer you want to allow fresh air into your living room or bedroom, but you want to keep mosquitoes, flies and other insects out. A fly screen is the ideal solution for fresh air and comfort, without being annoyed by buzzing insects. Not all modern window frames are suitable for fitting fly screens. That’s why it’s best to fit a fly screen in the opening of an existing window frame, or in a patio door. You can make a fly screen out of wood or aluminium.<\/p> ","gereedschap":["router","mitre saw","compass saw","wood chisel","glue","screws","wooden laths","try square","gauze","tape measure ","file"],"positie":0,"introductie_image":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Horgaas_11_6.png","introductie_image_title":"Fitting fly screens to doors and windows","meta_title":"How to fit a fly screen","meta_description":"In the summer you want to allow fresh air into your house, but you want to keep mosquitoes out. A fly screen is the ideal solution.","meta_keywords":"fly screens, fly screen, flyscreens, flyscreen, fitting, windows, doors, insects, window, wood, how to","small_header_image":"","afbeelding_header":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/fitting_fly_screens_to_doors_and_windows.jpg","afbeelding_header_title":"How to fit a fly screen","afbeelding_overzicht":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/fitting_fly_screens_to_doors_and_windows_cat.jpg","afbeelding_overzicht_title":"How to fit a fly screen","gerelateerde_stappenplannen":",37,32,48,","gerelateerde_klustips":",45,44,11,","forceer_homepage":"nee","hits":"13","stap":[{"ID":"233","group_ID":"28","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Horgaas_1.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit a fly screen - Measuring the window","titel":"Measuring the window","bericht":"

Whether you want to make an opening screen or a non-hinged, fixed screen, you need to know the measurements. First of all measure the height and width of the window frame between the walls. Allow 10 mm extra so you can easily fit the frame of the fly screen.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":233,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"234","group_ID":"28","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Horgaas_2.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit a fly screen - Wooden fly screen","titel":"Wooden fly screen","bericht":"

You can make the frame onto which you are going to fix the gauze from wooden laths. These should have a width of 40 mm and a thickness of 20 mm. Fix the laths together with half-lap joints. You can also use different wood joints, but then you may need to use thicker laths.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":234,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"235","group_ID":"28","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Horgaas_3.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit a fly screen - Cross-pieces","titel":"Cross-pieces","bericht":"

Make two long laths (the same length as the height of the window) and three short laths (the same length as the width of the window). The third lath is fitted in the middle of the screen to strengthen the frame. Make half-lap joints at the ends of the two long laths with the same width as the cross-pieces (40 mm). Then do the same with the three short laths.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":235,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"236","group_ID":"28","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Horgaas_4.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit a fly screen - Half-lap joints","titel":"Half-lap joints","bericht":"

You can make half-lap joints with a mitre saw. Fix the lath upright in the workbench and first saw vertically into the end. Then fix the lath horizontally and make a saw cut to half the thickness of the lath, so that a piece half the thickness of the lath is removed. You can also cut out these pieces with a wood chisel or a router. Use a try square to mark out the cutting lines, making sure you mark out the lines accurately.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":236,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"237","group_ID":"28","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Horgaas_5.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit a fly screen - Making cut-outs in the frame","titel":"Making cut-outs in the frame","bericht":"

The central cross-piece has to be fitted in the middle of the two long laths. That means that cut-outs to half the depth need to be made in these laths. You can do this with a router. Set the depth stop to this depth. Make the cut-outs in two stages to avoid overloading the router and burning the wood. First mark out the cutting lines with a try square, and start cutting at the marked lines. Place a cut-off piece of the lath next to the workpiece to guide the machine and help you to cut in a straight line.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":237,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"238","group_ID":"28","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Horgaas_6.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit a fly screen - Wood chisel","titel":"Wood chisel","bericht":"

The best way to remove any irregularities is with a wood chisel. When you have made all the half-lap joints, place the frame on the floor and check that everything fits.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":238,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"239","group_ID":"28","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Horgaas_7.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit a fly screen - Assembling the frame","titel":"Assembling the frame","bericht":"

Assemble all the joints with wood glue and screws, and check that the corners of the frame are square. You can do this with a try square or by checking that the diagonals are equal in length. Also check that the frame is a good fit for the gap between the walls before tightening the screws firmly. To prevent splitting of the wooden laths it’s a good idea to pre-drill the screw holes using a drill with a smaller diameter than the screws. After assembly you can finish the frame with a coat of paint or varnish.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":239,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"240","group_ID":"28","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Horgaas_8.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit a fly screen - Tensioning and fixing the gauze","titel":"Tensioning and fixing the gauze","bericht":"

Lay the gauze on the frame and trim it all round to 5 cm more than the frame itself. Fold the excess gauze back and fix it along the top with a tacker or electric staple gun. Use one staple every 5 cm. Pull the gauze downwards as tightly as possible, then staple the sides to the frame. Try to keep the gauze tensioned so that it fits without creases and the gauze pattern is parallel with the frame.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":240,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"241","group_ID":"28","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Horgaas_9.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit a fly screen - Finishing","titel":"Finishing","bericht":"

You can hide the staples from view by screwing thin covering laths of the same width onto the frame. Saw these to length and finish them with paint or varnish in the same color as the frame. To prevent splitting of the wooden laths, first pre-drill the screw holes using a drill with a smaller diameter than the screws.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":241,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"242","group_ID":"28","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Horgaas_10.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit a fly screen - Fitting the hinges","titel":"Fitting the hinges","bericht":"

Check on which side of the window (or door) the hinges are located. The hinges of the fly screen have to be fitted on the same side. Before you start, first mark out the screw holes for the hinges and then pre drill the screw holes using a drill with a smaller diameter than the screws.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":242,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"243","group_ID":"28","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Horgaas_11.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit a fly screen - Closure fly screen","titel":"Closure fly screen","bericht":"

After fitting the screen, you can fit a magnetic catch to keep it closed. Fit the magnetic catch itself on the fly screen frame, and fit the metal plate in the corresponding position on the window frame.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":243,"extra_tips":"nee"}],"tip":[{"ID":"4466","group_ID":"stepbystep_28","tip":"

Fit a small handle or knob on the screen frame for easy opening.<\/p> ","tool_tip":"","conversie":"","tip_afbeelding":""}],"tooltips":[]},{"ID":"29","group_ID":"2","category":",15,","titel":"How to use a mitre saw","vraag":"Mitre sawing","omschrijving":"

If you want to make a neatly finished angled joint between two pieces of wood, you need to bevel the two ends to be joined.<\/p> ","gereedschap":["There are different tools that you can use for this job."],"positie":0,"introductie_image":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Verstekzagen_4_7.png","introductie_image_title":"Mitre sawing","meta_title":"How to use a mitre saw","meta_description":"If you want to make a neatly finished angled joint between two pieces of wood, you need to bevel the two ends to be joined. Everything about mitre sawing! ","meta_keywords":"miter sawing, miter saw, mitre saw, mitre sawing, how to","small_header_image":"","afbeelding_header":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/mitre_sawing.jpg","afbeelding_header_title":"How to use a mitre saw","afbeelding_overzicht":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/mitre_sawing_cat.jpg","afbeelding_overzicht_title":"How to use a mitre saw","gerelateerde_stappenplannen":",9,48,","gerelateerde_klustips":",43,49,31,","forceer_homepage":"nee","hits":"5","stap":[{"ID":"245","group_ID":"29","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Verstekzagen_2.png","afbeelding_title":"How to use a mitre saw - Mitre sawing with a fixed guide","titel":"Mitre sawing with a fixed guide","bericht":"

With this tool the saw is fixed to a horizontal bar or guide. The angle between the workpiece and the saw can be set accurately to angles of 22.5°, 30°, 45°, 60° and 90°. The saw blade can easily be replaced when it is worn out.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":1,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"246","group_ID":"29","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Verstekzagen_3.png","afbeelding_title":"How to use a mitre saw - Electric mitre saw ","titel":"Electric mitre saw ","bericht":"

The most convenient and quickest way to make bevel cuts is with an electric mitre saw. With this saw you aren’t limited in the width of the workpiece. The speed of these saws can be adjusted steplessly, and they also have a vacuum cleaner connection for dust extraction.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":2,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"244","group_ID":"29","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Verstekzagen_1.png","afbeelding_title":"How to use a mitre saw - Mitre box","titel":"Mitre box","bericht":"

The cheapest solution to make beveled cuts is to use a simple mitre box. This is usually made of plastic or wood, and has slots for sawing at an angle of 45° or 90°. There are also mitre boxes with more slots at a greater choice of angles. Use a fine-toothed back saw with a broad blade, and clamp the piece of wood that you want to saw to the back of the mitre box. The relatively narrow mitre box shown is suitable for smaller jobs such as sawing strips of wood for a picture frame and other smaller pieces of wood.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":0,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"247","group_ID":"29","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Verstekzagen_4.png","afbeelding_title":"How to use a mitre saw - Working with a mitre saw","titel":"Working with a mitre saw","bericht":"

If you want to saw a beam or a plinth, first measure the place of the cut accurately and mark it with a pencil line.
Set the saw to the required angle and clamp the workpiece in place, for example using a gluing clamp. If you’re not sure of the exact angle you need, first make a trial cut with a piece of waste wood.
Before sawing first check that your saw blade is sharp, otherwise there will be a lot of splintering of the material and you’ll have to use too much force. Fine-tooth saw blades give the best results.<\/p> ","tip":"If the saw sticks frequently, rub the end of a candle over the saw blade. The candle wax will allow you to saw smoothly.","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":3,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"248","group_ID":"29","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Verstekzagen_5.png","afbeelding_title":"How to use a mitre saw - Sawing width","titel":"Sawing width","bericht":"

The maximum sawing width or depth with an electric mitre saw depends on the diameter of the blade. The maximum sawing width is equal to the diameter of the blade, which is usually 250 mm. The electric mitre saw may have two saw guides. These allow you to pull the saw towards you for a greater sawing width.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":4,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"249","group_ID":"29","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Verstekzagen_6.png","afbeelding_title":"How to use a mitre saw - Sawing","titel":"Sawing","bericht":"

Measure the bevel angle, for example using a mitre square. If the two pieces of wood are at right-angles to each other, the angle is 90°. In this case the two bevel angles you need to saw are each 45°. With a mitre box you have the choice of sawing at an angle of 45° to the left or to the right. For the best visual appearance, make sure that the same sides of the workpiece will be visible at the inside and outside of the finished joint. If you’re used to making bevel cuts you can also use an in-line bevel joint to connect two pieces of wood to extend the length. The two planks or plinths will then join together neatly.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":5,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"250","group_ID":"29","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Verstekzagen_7.png","afbeelding_title":"How to use a mitre saw - Variable bevel angles","titel":"Variable bevel angles","bericht":"

By using variable bevel angles you make a joint at any desired angle. For non-standard angles you can make a neat joint by measuring the desired bevel angle with an adjustable mitre square or contour template. Set the mitre square to exactly half this angle and mark this out on each workpiece. Then set the mitre saw at the same angle and you’ll be able to make a neatly finished joint.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":6,"extra_tips":"nee"}],"tip":[{"ID":"4441","group_ID":"stepbystep_29","tip":"

If you want to make a bevel joint with a really neat finish, cover the sawing lines with a strip of masking tape. That will reduce splintering of the material and give you a cleaner and straighter cut.<\/p>","tool_tip":"","conversie":",,","tip_afbeelding":""}],"tooltips":[]},{"ID":"30","group_ID":"3","category":",11,5,","titel":"How to hang window boxes","vraag":"Hanging window boxes","omschrijving":"

A window box or plant container is a quick and easy way to give your balcony or patio a fresh and floral look. It’s a fun job to do, and you’ll be able to enjoy the results all season long.<\/p>


Attention points<\/strong>
A window box is an eye-catcher on your balcony or patio. For best results choose a window box of a size that matches the setting in which you intend to place it. A big container on a small balcony often doesn’t look right, while if it’s too small your window box might not even be noticed.<\/p> ","gereedschap":["electric drill","wall plugs ","screws","tape measure ","spirit level"],"positie":0,"introductie_image":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Plantenbak_2_6.png","introductie_image_title":"Hanging window boxes","meta_title":"How to hang window boxess","meta_description":"A window box is a quick way to give your balcony a fresh and floral look. It\u2019s a fun job to do, and you\u2019ll be able to enjoy the results all season long.","meta_keywords":"hanging, window box, window boxes, plant container, plant containers, how to, balcony, patio, how to","small_header_image":"","afbeelding_header":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/hanging_window_boxes.jpg","afbeelding_header_title":"How to hang window boxes","afbeelding_overzicht":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/hanging_window_boxes_cat.jpg","afbeelding_overzicht_title":"How to hang window boxes","gerelateerde_stappenplannen":",47,17,51,","gerelateerde_klustips":",17,43,58,","forceer_homepage":"nee","hits":"5","stap":[{"ID":"251","group_ID":"30","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Plantenbak_1.png","afbeelding_title":"How to hang window boxes - Where should you fit it?","titel":"Where should you fit it?","bericht":"

If you want to fit window boxes on the outside of the balcony of an apartment, you should first check that there are no building or safety regulations that you need to observe. Remember that if there’s an accident with your window box you’ll be personally liable for damage or injury to third parties. As well as making sure your window box is mounted securely, you should also check that it can’t slide sideways out of the mounting brackets.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":251,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"252","group_ID":"30","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Plantenbak_2.png","afbeelding_title":"How to hang window boxes - Potting compost and nutrition","titel":"Potting compost and nutrition","bericht":"

When choosing your plants and window box, make sure there’s enough space for the roots. Use a substrate of clay pebbles, gravel or pot fragments. And of course you’ll need some potting compost to fill the window boxes. After a few months the top layer of potting compost will start to dry out and acidify, which means your plants won’t grow so well. You should then add some fresh potting compost and rearrange the plants. You can also buy different kinds of plant nutrition fluids or granules to keep your plants healthy and attractive. First check that you can easily water the plants, and that they are well drained.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":252,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"253","group_ID":"30","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Plantenbak_3.png","afbeelding_title":"How to hang window boxes - What kind of brackets to use?","titel":"What kind of brackets to use?","bericht":"

Mounting brackets for outdoor use need to be plastic-coated or galvanized to prevent rusting. Also make sure the container can’t move in the brackets. In many cases you’ll need to take care that the balcony fence won’t be damaged when you fit a window box. Which means you may not be allowed to drill holes!
DIY stores and garden centers have a wide range of special brackets for mounting window boxes.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":253,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"254","group_ID":"30","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Plantenbak_4.png","afbeelding_title":"How to hang window boxes - Height of the window box","titel":"Height of the window box","bericht":"

Are you planning to mount a window box in a high place? If so, make sure there’s still enough headroom so that the window box and plants don’t get in anyone’s way. For example that might be the case when you’re mounting a window box under your windowsill over the street or garden.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":254,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"255","group_ID":"30","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Plantenbak_5.png","afbeelding_title":"How to hang window boxes - What kind of wall plug should I use?","titel":"What kind of wall plug should I use?","bericht":"

If you’re mounting several window boxes try to fit them ‘in line’, both horizontally and vertically. That gives the best visual appearance. Mark out the first hole, place your spirit level horizontally and then mark out the next hole. Or in brickwork, drill the holes in the pointing (the gaps between the bricks). To mark out longer lengths, use a straight wooden plank to support the spirit level. In a stone wall you can use a universal 6 mm wall plug. For heavy window boxes you should use an 8 mm drill and corresponding wall plugs. Or for really heavy window boxes or containers, it’s best to use wall anchors.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":255,"extra_tips":"nee"}],"tip":[{"ID":"4442","group_ID":"stepbystep_30","tip":"

It's best to use a hammer if you have to drill into a concrete wall or ceiling.<\/p> ","tool_tip":"Skil offers the unique Torro, the Multi-Drill that also drills in concrete! The Torro handles all common drilling jobs in and around the home (up to 10mm in concrete) ","conversie":",1418,","tip_afbeelding":""}],"tooltips":[]},{"ID":"31","group_ID":"1","category":",12,","titel":"How to install a smoke alarm","vraag":"Installing a smoke detector","omschrijving":"

Feeling at home also means you need to feel safe. A smoke alarm forms part of that. If there’s a fire, poisonous substances like carbon monoxide are released and there’s a chance that you may be incapacitated, especially at night and if you don’t smell anything or notice anything. So it’s a good idea to protect yourself and your family by installing smoke alarms. They will give you time to fight the fire or to escape. <\/p> ","gereedschap":["step ladder","electric drill","screwdriver","smoke alarms","screws","wall plugs ","batteries"],"positie":0,"introductie_image":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Brandmelder_2_8.png","introductie_image_title":"Installing a smoke detector","meta_title":"How to install a smoke alarm","meta_description":"Feeling at home also means you need to feel safe. A smoke alarm forms part of that, a smoke detector protects yourself and your family. \u00a0 ","meta_keywords":"smoke detector, installing, install, smoke detectors, smoke alarm, how to","small_header_image":"","afbeelding_header":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/installing_a_smoke_detector.jpg","afbeelding_header_title":"How to install a smoke alarm","afbeelding_overzicht":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/installing_a_smoke_detector_cat.jpg","afbeelding_overzicht_title":"How to install a smoke alarm","gerelateerde_stappenplannen":",39,17,51,","gerelateerde_klustips":",17,12,","forceer_homepage":"nee","hits":"3","stap":[{"ID":"256","group_ID":"31","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Brandmelder_1.png","afbeelding_title":"How to install a smoke alarm - How does a smoke alarm work? ","titel":"How does a smoke alarm work? ","bericht":"

A smoke alarm produces an alarm signal as soon as smoke or gas is detected, which means it responds indirectly to fire. There are also detectors that respond to heat or light. For home use, smoke alarms are the most commonly used type.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":256,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"257","group_ID":"31","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Brandmelder_2.png","afbeelding_title":"How to install a smoke alarm - In case of alarm","titel":"In case of alarm","bericht":"

• Call the fire brigade or the emergency number.
• Close all doors and windows in the room where the fire has broken out.
• Don’t open any closed doors if they feel warm.
• Try to help everybody to escape safely from the source of the fire.
• Hold a wet cloth over your mouth and nose. Don’t inhale any smoke.
• Stay low against the floor, that’s where the temperature is lowest and there is the lowest concentration of smoke and poisonous gases.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":257,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"258","group_ID":"31","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Brandmelder_3.png","afbeelding_title":"How to install a smoke alarm - Unsuitable places for a smoke alarm","titel":"Unsuitable places for a smoke alarm","bericht":"

There are a number of places where it’s best not to install a smoke detector because it may give frequent false alarms:
• Places where steam is produced, such as in the shower\/bathroom or kitchen.
• Near a ventilation opening, heating appliance or radiator. In these places air convection may prevent any smoke from reaching the smoke alarm.
• In the garage, where exhaust gases may cause a false alarm.
• Close to lamps. The smoke alarm can quickly become contaminated by dust as a result of air convection due to the heat from the lamp. A smoke alarm should be installed at least 30 cm away from a lamp.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":258,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"259","group_ID":"31","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Brandmelder_4.png","afbeelding_title":"How to install a smoke alarm - Smoke alarm on the escape route","titel":"Smoke alarm on the escape route","bericht":"

Smoke alarms should be installed on the escape routes in the house. Then you can always be sure which route you can use to leave the house. The best place to install a smoke alarm is on the ceiling. In practice, smoke detectors are installed in rooms like the living room, hall and landing, attic stairs, back kitchen and\/or adjoining garage. If you have a house with more than one floor, it’s a good idea to install a smoke alarm on each floor. It’s important that you can hear an alarm signal from the smoke detectors in the bedrooms. If you have several smoke alarms, it’s best if they are connected together.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":259,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"260","group_ID":"31","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Brandmelder_5.png","afbeelding_title":"How to install a smoke alarm - Installation","titel":"Installation","bericht":"

Remove the cover and hold the smoke alarm against the ceiling. Mark out the holes to be drilled on the ceiling. Then drill the holes to the required depth using a 6 mm masonry or wood drill bit and insert the wall plugs in the holes. If the ceiling is made of hollow panels, you need to use special plugs. Then screw the smoke alarm into place. If the smoke alarm is mains-powered you need to connect it to the mains supply following the instructions. The best place to fit the smoke alarm is in the center of the room.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":260,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"261","group_ID":"31","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Brandmelder_6.png","afbeelding_title":"How to install a smoke alarm - Activating the smoke alarm","titel":"Activating the smoke alarm","bericht":"

Place the batteries in the battery holder and replace the cover. Use the test button to check that the smoke alarm is working. Don’t forget to replace the batteries when necessary! Every smoke alarm has a warning signal to show when the batteries are nearly empty.<\/p> ","tip":"Don\u2019t throw used batteries away with the rubbish, but hand them in at a recycling point. Or use good-quality rechargeable batteries.","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":261,"extra_tips":"nee"}],"tip":[{"ID":"4443","group_ID":"stepbystep_31","tip":"

Install smoke alarms straight away as soon as you’ve bought them. It happens all too often that the new smoke alarm is still lying in the cupboard when fire breaks out in the house!<\/p> ","tool_tip":"","conversie":",,","tip_afbeelding":""}],"tooltips":[]},{"ID":"33","group_ID":"1","category":",2,9,","titel":"How to replace a kitchen tap","vraag":"Installing or replacing a kitchen tap","omschrijving":"

If you need to install a new kitchen tap because the old one is worn out or leaking, or if you just want a tap with a new look, it’s easy to replace it yourself.<\/p> ","gereedschap":["adjustable wrench","water pump pliers","cloth for mopping-up","compression fittings ","pipe cutter"],"positie":0,"introductie_image":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Keukenkraan_4_8.png","introductie_image_title":"Installing or replacing a kitchen tap","meta_title":"How to replace a kitchen tap","meta_description":"If you need to install a new kitchen tap because the old one is worn out or leaking, or if you just want a tap with a new look, it\u2019s easy to replace it yourself. ","meta_keywords":"kitchen, replacing, installing, tap, how to","small_header_image":"","afbeelding_header":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/installing_or_replacing_a_kitchen_tap.jpg","afbeelding_header_title":"How to replace a kitchen tap","afbeelding_overzicht":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/installing_or_replacing_a_kitchen_tap_cat.jpg","afbeelding_overzicht_title":"How to replace a kitchen tap","gerelateerde_stappenplannen":",27,43,34,","gerelateerde_klustips":",15,26,","forceer_homepage":"nee","hits":"3","stap":[{"ID":"278","group_ID":"33","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Keukenkraan_1.png","afbeelding_title":"How to replace a kitchen tap - Shut-off the water supply","titel":"Shut-off the water supply","bericht":"

First shut-off the water supply by closing the main water valve. This is usually located just before the water meter.
Then open the taps and wait until no more water comes out of them.
Before you start loosening the water hoses or fittings it’s a good idea to place a cloth under the pipes, because some more water is still likely to drain out.
If there are one or more shut-off valves in the pipes leading to the tap, just close them before you start work.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":278,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"279","group_ID":"33","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Keukenkraan_2.png","afbeelding_title":"How to replace a kitchen tap - Loosen the connections","titel":"Loosen the connections","bericht":"

There are two possible situations:
1 The two supply pipes each end with a compression fitting
2 There are two shut-off valves in the pipes under the sink
In both cases, loosen and disconnect the joints with an adjustable wrench.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":279,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"280","group_ID":"33","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Keukenkraan_3.png","afbeelding_title":"How to replace a kitchen tap - Remove the tap","titel":"Remove the tap","bericht":"

At the base of the kitchen tap is a tube with an external screw thread. This protrudes through the hole in the kitchen sink or worktop, and is secured underneath by a nut, a washer and a retaining plate. Use the adjustable wrench to loosen the nut, then you can usually remove it by hand. After that you can lift the old tap out from the top.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":280,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"281","group_ID":"33","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Keukenkraan_4.png","afbeelding_title":"How to replace a kitchen tap - Fit the new tap","titel":"Fit the new tap","bericht":"

The new tap will have a tube with an external screw thread at its base, just like the old one. Push the tube through the hole in the kitchen sink or worktop, push the retaining plate and washer over the tube, fit the nut and tighten it with the adjustable wrench or water pump pliers. Check that the tap is facing in the right direction. If you’ve installed a new stainless steel kitchen sink or composite worktop you’ll have to drill a new hole of the right diameter for the mounting tube of the tap. Use a hole saw of a suitable type for the material of the sink or worktop.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":281,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"282","group_ID":"33","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Keukenkraan_5.png","afbeelding_title":"How to replace a kitchen tap - Water supply pipes","titel":"Water supply pipes","bericht":"

There are two pipes inside the large mounting tube at the base of the tap, for the hot and cold water supplies. These are made of soft, flexible material and have a diameter of 10 mm. You can bend them by hand into the right position, and if necessary cut them to the required length with a pipe cutter.
Fit these supply pipes to the ends of the pipes coming out of the wall with compression fittings. The hot water is usually at the left. A wide range of compression fittings is available for different situations.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":282,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"283","group_ID":"33","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Keukenkraan_6.png","afbeelding_title":"How to replace a kitchen tap - Flexible supply tubes","titel":"Flexible supply tubes","bericht":"

Flexible supply tubes are usually supplied with the new tap, but are also available separately in different lengths. The stainless steel braiding protects the flexible tube made of synthetic rubber. The ends of the tubes have connecting nuts designed to give a watertight joint. These flexible supply tubes are available in different diameters and with different kinds of connections.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":283,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"284","group_ID":"33","afbeelding":"","afbeelding_title":"Installing or replacing a kitchen tap - Open the main water valve and check for leakages","titel":"Open the main water valve and check for leakages","bericht":"

After you’ve fitted the tap and tightened the joints, it’s time to open the main water valve. Before you put your tools away, first check that there are no leakages.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":284,"extra_tips":"nee"}],"tip":[{"ID":"4445","group_ID":"stepbystep_33","tip":"

\tMake sure no dirt gets into the water supply pipes when you’re fitting a new kitchen tap, so you don’t contaminate the drinking water.<\/p> ","tool_tip":"","conversie":",,","tip_afbeelding":""}],"tooltips":[]},{"ID":"34","group_ID":"2","category":",2,14,","titel":"How to install kitchen cabinets","vraag":"Fitting a kitchen cupboard","omschrijving":"

You can easily install kitchen cabinets yourself. Depending on the available space, you could also fit kitchen cabinets somewhere other than the kitchen. If you buy a kitchen cupboard from a DIY or kitchen store, it comes with the required fittings. So you don’t need to buy any special mounting brackets, and you don’t need any special tools.<\/p> ","gereedschap":["power drill","wood or masonry drill bit (6 mm)","spirit level","(cordless) drill\/screwdriver","tape measure","pencil","screws and wall plugs","fittings for mounting the cabinet on the wall","20 x 45 mm wood batten ","wood glue"],"positie":0,"introductie_image":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/Keukenkast_02_1.png","introductie_image_title":"Fitting a kitchen cupboard","meta_title":"How to install kitchen cabinets","meta_description":"You can easily install kitchen cabinets yourself. Depending on the available space, you could also fit a kitchen cupboard somewhere other than the kitchen. ","meta_keywords":"kitchen cupboard, fitting, drill, wood, wall, mounting, kitchen cabinet, how to, install ","small_header_image":"","afbeelding_header":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/fitting_a_kitchen_cupboard_2.jpg","afbeelding_header_title":"How to install kitchen cabinets","afbeelding_overzicht":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/fitting_a_kitchen_cupboard_cat.jpg","afbeelding_overzicht_title":"How to install kitchen cabinets","gerelateerde_stappenplannen":",33,17,51,","gerelateerde_klustips":",38,17,8,","forceer_homepage":"nee","hits":"10","stap":[{"ID":"285","group_ID":"34","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Keukenkast_01.png","afbeelding_title":"How to install kitchen cabinets - What size?","titel":"What size?","bericht":"

The sizes of kitchen cabinets are based on standard dimensions and elements. You can usually choose cabinet heights of 45, 75 and 90 cm and widths of 30, 45 and 60 cm.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":0,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"286","group_ID":"34","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Keukenkast_02.png","afbeelding_title":"How to install kitchen cabinets - What height?","titel":"What height?","bericht":"

Top cabinets are usually fitted with the bottom edges at about 135 cm from the floor. This height leaves enough space for a bottom cabinet with worktop, if required, with a gap of 45 to 60 cm between the two. If you’re fitting the cabinet above a sink unit, you need to allow a space of 90 cm between them.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":1,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"287","group_ID":"34","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Keukenkast_03.png","afbeelding_title":"How to install kitchen cabinets - What finish?","titel":"What finish?","bericht":"

You can choose from a wide range of finishing colors and materials for the front panel or door of the cabinet. The doors are almost always fitted with concealed hinges at the inside of the frame. Some rustical kitchen designs may use external hinges as a decorative element.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":2,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"288","group_ID":"34","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Keukenkast_04.png","afbeelding_title":"How to install kitchen cabinets - Mounting the cupboard","titel":"Mounting the cupboard","bericht":"

Mark out the exact position of the outside edges of the cabinet(s) on the wall. Make sure you choose the right height above the floor. At that height, draw a horizontal line using the spirit level. Or you can use a laser leveling tool for quick and accurate horizontal positioning. The mounting brackets are usually adjustable, so that after fitting them you can still adjust the position of the cabinet horizontally and vertically.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":3,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"289","group_ID":"34","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Keukenkast_05.png","afbeelding_title":"How to install kitchen cabinets - Perfectly straight","titel":"Perfectly straight","bericht":"

If you want to be perfectly sure the cabinet is horizontal, fit a wood batten with a cross section of about 20 x 45 mm under the line you’ve marked on the wall. This will support the cabinet while you’re mounting it. You can remove it afterwards and fill the holes. Mark out the mounting points for the cabinet on the wall to show where the brackets will be fixed.
Note: kitchen cabinets are supplied with different types of brackets and mounting systems. The simplest system uses wedge-shaped wooden blocks. If you’re using these you need to work very accurately, especially if you want to fit several cupboards next to each other in a straight line.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":4,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"291","group_ID":"34","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Keukenkast_06.png","afbeelding_title":"How to install kitchen cabinets - Use good wall plugs","titel":"Use good wall plugs","bericht":"

Drill the required holes in the wall and insert the nylon wall plugs. Fit the supports supplied with the cabinet. Pay careful attention to the material of the wall. Use wall plugs of a good brand because they have to support the weight of the cabinet and all its contents! Then mount the cabinet on the wall. Each of the brackets inside the cabinet has two screws: one to adjust the height to make the cupboard horizontal, and the other to tighten the cabinet against the wall.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":5,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"292","group_ID":"34","afbeelding":"","afbeelding_title":"How to install kitchen cabinets - Fitting the doors","titel":"Fitting the doors","bericht":"

Next it’s time to fit the doors. You can choose the direction of opening, so consider carefully what works best – for example if you’ve fitted a cabinet in a corner. It also makes a difference if you’re right- or left-handed. Fit one part of the hinge to the inside wall of the cabinet, and the other part in the corresponding round recess in the door. Slide the two parts of the hinge into place and screw them together. The hinges are adjustable in three directions so you can hang the door perfectly straight.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":6,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"293","group_ID":"34","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Keukenkast_08.png","afbeelding_title":"How to install kitchen cabinets - Adjusting the height","titel":"Adjusting the height","bericht":"

To adjust the height of the door, loosen the screws shown by the arrows. Then you can move the hinge up or down to get the right door height. Then tighten the screws again securely.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":8,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"294","group_ID":"34","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Keukenkast_09.png","afbeelding_title":"How to install kitchen cabinets - Straightening the door","titel":"Straightening the door","bericht":"

If the door isn’t straight, you can adjust it with the screw shown by the arrow. First check if you need to adjust the door at the top or bottom hinge.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":9,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"295","group_ID":"34","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Keukenkast_10.png","afbeelding_title":"How to install kitchen cabinets - Adjusting the depth ","titel":"Adjusting the depth ","bericht":"

You can adjust the depth of the hinges so the door fits flush against the cabinet. Loosen the screw shown by the arrow. Now you can move the hinge forward or backward until the door is flush. Then tighten the screw again.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":10,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"296","group_ID":"34","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Keukenkast_07.png","afbeelding_title":"How to install kitchen cabinets - Fitting two cabinets next to each other","titel":"Fitting two cabinets next to each other","bericht":"

If you’re fitting two cabinets next to each other, you can fix them together. Use clamps to hold the cabinets together firmly. Then drill a hole through both cabinets and join the sides together with a nut and bolt. That will make sure the cabinets stay in place perfectly.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":7,"extra_tips":"nee"}],"tip":[{"ID":"4446","group_ID":"stepbystep_34","tip":"

\tIf you need to drill in a concrete wall, it’s best to use a hammer drill.<\/p> ","tool_tip":"","conversie":",1198,","tip_afbeelding":""}],"tooltips":[]},{"ID":"35","group_ID":"2","category":",5,","titel":"How to lay a patio","vraag":"Laying a patio","omschrijving":"

A paved patio often forms an extension of the adjoining room. You can use it to make a seating corner, or to park your bike or motorcycle. It also forms an important element in the appearance of your home.<\/p>

What do you need to note?<\/strong>
The patio must be perfectly level, and it shouldn’t have any irregularities, dips or bumps. Making the patio flat isn’t the same as making it level. If the patio is perfectly level then pools of water will remain on it after rain or spraying it clean. The patio should therefore always have a slight slope.<\/p>

 <\/p> ","gereedschap":["spade ","shovel","rubber hammer","tape measure","angle grinder","wheelbarrow","long plank","spirit level","broom ","paving hammer"],"positie":0,"introductie_image":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/KleinTerrasBestraten_10_8.png","introductie_image_title":"Laying a patio","meta_title":"How to lay a patio","meta_description":"A paved patio often forms an extension of the adjoining room. You can use it to make a seating corner, or to park your bike or motorcycle. ","meta_keywords":"patio, laying, paving, pave, slab, slabs, how to","small_header_image":"","afbeelding_header":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/laying_a_patio.jpg","afbeelding_header_title":"How to lay a patio","afbeelding_overzicht":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/laying_a_patio_cat.jpg","afbeelding_overzicht_title":"How to lay a patio","gerelateerde_stappenplannen":",7,11,24,","gerelateerde_klustips":",29,32,59,","forceer_homepage":"nee","hits":"3","stap":[{"ID":"298","group_ID":"35","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/KleinTerrasBestraten_01.png","afbeelding_title":"How to lay a patio - How big is the slope?","titel":"How big is the slope?","bericht":"

Rainwater should easily run off the patio. A slope of 2 cm per meter is usually enough. That will allow the rainwater to run off into a drain or onto the garden or road.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":298,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"299","group_ID":"35","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/KleinTerrasBestraten_02.png","afbeelding_title":"How to lay a patio - Marking out the edges","titel":"Marking out the edges","bericht":"

To start with, mark out the edges of the patio with small wooden posts and a cord. Drive the posts vertically into the ground at 1 meter intervals. A depth of 25 to 30 cm is usually enough. If you want the patio to extend right up to an exterior door, the highest part of the patio should be at least 3 cm lower than the doorstep.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":299,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"300","group_ID":"35","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/KleinTerrasBestraten_03.png","afbeelding_title":"How to lay a patio - Defining the slope","titel":"Defining the slope","bericht":"

To define the slope of the patio, you first need to set a fixed point. Using a spirit level and a straight plank, mark this point out on the marker post that’s nearest to the house. Fix the cord at that height on the first post, and then 2 cm lower on each following post. Then place the edging planks along the cord at the marked heights.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":300,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"301","group_ID":"35","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/KleinTerrasBestraten_04.png","afbeelding_title":"How to lay a patio - Patio tiles on a sand bed","titel":"Patio tiles on a sand bed","bericht":"

If you want to lay the patio tiles on a bed of sand, you need a layer of sand with a depth of 10 cm. Spread the sand out over the entire surface so it is just a little higher than the edging planks. Then spread a 2 mm stabilizing layer of cement powder over the sand bed. Rake this layer flat and stamp the sand bed firmly into place. Then smooth the surface over with a straight plank.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":301,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"302","group_ID":"35","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/KleinTerrasBestraten_05.png","afbeelding_title":"How to lay a patio - Laying the tiles","titel":"Laying the tiles","bericht":"

Lay the tiles flat and in a straight row without walking on the sand bed. The tiles must fit together neatly and must lay securely as soon as you put them in place. The second row of tiles should be offset by half a tile from the first row, to give the patio a regular bond pattern. You can work out in advance how many half tiles you’ll need to minimize the number of tiles you have to cut. It’s best to cut the tiles using an angle grinder with a stone cutting disc or a diamond disc of the right diameter. Make sure you wear safety glasses, ear defenders and working gloves when you’re using an angle grinder.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":302,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"303","group_ID":"35","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/KleinTerrasBestraten_06.png","afbeelding_title":"How to lay a patio - Edge courses","titel":"Edge courses","bericht":"

Once you’ve laid all the tiles, you can finish the sides with edging blocks or concrete edge courses. After that you can fill-up with garden soil around the sides of the patio.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":303,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"304","group_ID":"35","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/KleinTerrasBestraten_07.png","afbeelding_title":"How to lay a patio - Cobblestones","titel":"Cobblestones","bericht":"

If you want a sturdy patio with a rustical look, you can use cobblestones instead of tiles. These are made of stone or concrete, and are available in different colors. The number of stones you need depends on the type. You can lay the stones in a parallel bond pattern or at an angle of 45 degrees. In the latter case you’ll need slightly more stones. Other possible variations are running bond, 45° or 90° herringbone bond, parquet bond, random bond and half stone bond patterns.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":304,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"305","group_ID":"35","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/KleinTerrasBestraten_08.png","afbeelding_title":"How to lay a patio - Stabilized sand","titel":"Stabilized sand","bericht":"

If you want to make a patio or driveway really strong, you can lay the stones in a stabilized sand bed. This is a mixture of sand and cement in fixed proportions. For patios you should use 150 kg\/m³ of the mixture, and for driveways 200 kg\/m³. You can also mix stabilized sand yourself. The proportions are then 1:4 and 1:5, respectively. That means 1 part (shovels or sacks) of cement to 4 or 5 parts of sand. If you need a large quantity it’s a good idea to hire a cement mixer.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":305,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"306","group_ID":"35","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/KleinTerrasBestraten_09.png","afbeelding_title":"How to lay a patio - Laying cobblestones","titel":"Laying cobblestones","bericht":"

Without walking on the sand bed, lay the cobblestones straight into the right places and make sure they fit together neatly. Tap them into place at the right height with a rubber hammer. Make sure you always tap the cobblestones at the edges, and not in the middle, so they don’t break. If a stone is too low or too high, take it out and add or remove a little sand under it. Then replace the stone and tap it back into place.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":306,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"307","group_ID":"35","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/KleinTerrasBestraten_10.png","afbeelding_title":"How to lay a patio - Row by row","titel":"Row by row","bericht":"

Lay the cobblestones row by row and level the sand to the right height for the next row each time. Check from different directions while you’re working that the patio is level and the cobblestone bond pattern is straight and regular. After that you can cut the stones to the right sizes for the side edges. Use an angle grinder with a stone cutting disc or a diamond disc of the right diameter.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":307,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"308","group_ID":"35","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/KleinTerrasBestraten_11.png","afbeelding_title":"How to lay a patio - Vibrating plate compactor","titel":"Vibrating plate compactor","bericht":"

If you’re laying a driveway, and the stones have to support the weight of your car, it’s best to compact them with a vibrating plate. You can also use the vibrating plate to compact the sand bed before you lay the stones. After you’ve leveled and compacted the sand bed you can lay the stones in the desired pattern. When all the stones have been laid you can compact them into place with the vibrating plate. This working method is a lot faster than tapping each stone into place individually.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":308,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"309","group_ID":"35","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/KleinTerrasBestraten_12.png","afbeelding_title":"How to lay a patio - Spreading sand","titel":"Spreading sand","bericht":"

When you’ve laid the patio or driveway, spread plenty of silver sand over it. Use a broom to sweep the sand into the gaps. This takes quite some time, but it’s worth doing carefully because weeds will then have little chance to grow in the gaps and the stones will stay securely in place. After a few days, when all the gaps are filled, you can sweep away the excess sand.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":309,"extra_tips":"nee"}],"tip":[{"ID":"4447","group_ID":"stepbystep_35","tip":"

\tIf you use an anti-root membrane before laying the sand, that will prevent weeds from growing between the stones or tiles.<\/p> ","tool_tip":"","conversie":",,","tip_afbeelding":""}],"tooltips":[]},{"ID":"36","group_ID":"2","category":",13,6,","titel":"How to insulate a loft","vraag":"Insulating a loft","omschrijving":"

Hot air rises, so in your house that means it often ends up in the loft. That’s why the loft is the first place you should insulate, to prevent heated air from escaping through it in the winter. And of course insulation also helps to keep your house cool in the summer.<\/p>

Difference between flat and sloping roofs<\/strong>
Flat roofs can only be insulated on the outside, in other words in the roof structure itself. If you tried to insulate a flat roof on the inside condensation would form between the insulation material and the roof cladding. That would lead to rotting of the roofing beams and planks. Sloping roofs, in contrast, can be insulated on the inside.<\/p> ","gereedschap":["tape measure","adhesive tape","bread knife","hobby knife","scissors","power drill\/screwdriver","staple gun","hand saw or jigsaw","length of wood or aluminium profile to use as a straight edge for cutting","claw hammer","gloves ","dust mask"],"positie":0,"introductie_image":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/ZolderIsoleren_8_8.png","introductie_image_title":"Insulating a loft","meta_title":"How to insulate a loft","meta_description":"Hot air rises, so in your house that means it often ends up in the loft. That\u2019s why the loft is the first place you should insulate. ","meta_keywords":"loft, patio, insulating, insulate, insulation, how to","small_header_image":"","afbeelding_header":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/insulating_a_loft.jpg","afbeelding_header_title":"How to insulate a loft","afbeelding_overzicht":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/insulating_a_loft_cat.jpg","afbeelding_overzicht_title":"How to insulate a loft","gerelateerde_stappenplannen":",8,25,10,","gerelateerde_klustips":",19,40,11,","forceer_homepage":"nee","hits":"5","stap":[{"ID":"311","group_ID":"36","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/ZolderIsoleren_1.png","afbeelding_title":"How to insulate a loft - Insulation materials","titel":"Insulation materials","bericht":"

The choice of the insulation material and its thickness is an important factor. The thicker the material, the better the insulation. However, double the thickness of insulation doesn’t mean it will be twice as effective. The insulation needs to be applied in an airtight layer to prevent internal condensation. The insulation material is usually supplied with an airtight and damp-proof layer. Always use the greatest possible roll width to keep the number of joints to a minimum.
We will cover four types of roof insulation:
• glass wool insulation panels with a damp-proof membrane
• insulation blankets
• mineral wool
• polystyrene insulation panels

After that we’ll explain how you can finish the inside of the loft roof and how you can also insulate the floor.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":311,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"312","group_ID":"36","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/ZolderIsoleren_2.png","afbeelding_title":"How to insulate a loft - Glass wool insulation panels","titel":"Glass wool insulation panels","bericht":"

First measure the width between the roof beams. Then cut the insulation material, allowing 1 or 2 cm extra width. That will make sure the insulation material stays firmly in place between the roof beams. Wear a dust mask and gloves when you’re handling or cutting the insulation material. Cutting is easier if you compress the material with the wooden or aluminium profile straight-edge.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":312,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"313","group_ID":"36","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/ZolderIsoleren_3.png","afbeelding_title":"How to insulate a loft - Damp-proof membrane","titel":"Damp-proof membrane","bericht":"

Make sure there are no gaps in the joints between the insulation panels through which drafts can pass. When you’ve completely insulated the roof apply the damp-proof membrane, working from top to bottom. Staple the membrane tightly into place on the roof beams with an overlap of 10 cm and cover the overlaps with strips of insulating tape.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":313,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"314","group_ID":"36","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/ZolderIsoleren_4.png","afbeelding_title":"How to insulate a loft - Insulation blankets","titel":"Insulation blankets","bericht":"

Start working in a corner. Roll the material out between the roof beams, working from top to bottom. Make sure the damp-proof membrane is tensioned tightly. Fix the overlapping flanges at the edges with a staple gun at 10 cm intervals. Before stapling the lower part into place, cut off the excess material. Wear a dust mask and gloves when you’re handling or cutting the insulation material. Then press the blankets firmly into place and staple them to the beams. Cover the joints between the edge flanges with adhesive tape to ensure there are no gaps. You can also use adhesive tape to repair any tears in the material.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":314,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"315","group_ID":"36","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/ZolderIsoleren_5.png","afbeelding_title":"How to insulate a loft - Mineral wool","titel":"Mineral wool","bericht":"

Mineral wool in rolls or sheets is the most widely used material for loft insulation. The width of the insulation should be slightly greater than the distance between the roof beams. That will make sure the insulation material stays firmly in place between the roof beams. Mineral wool is easy to cut with a bread knife. Always wear a dust mask and gloves when you’re handling or cutting the insulation material. For a neat result, it’s easiest to cut along a wooden or aluminium profile straight-edge.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":315,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"316","group_ID":"36","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/ZolderIsoleren_6.png","afbeelding_title":"How to insulate a loft - Polystyrene insulation panels","titel":"Polystyrene insulation panels","bericht":"

If the roof beams are straight and flat, you can also use insulation panels made of polyurethane, polystyrene or mineral wool. In that case it’s best to use panels with a board backing to reduce the risk of fire and deformation of the panels.
Fit the panels in a bond pattern so the joints are not continuous. This improves airtightness and gives a more even surface. To cut the panels to size use a fine-toothed hand saw or a jigsaw. Fitting the panels is best done by two people, because the panels are quite large and can easily break. Use a power drill\/screwdriver to fit the fixing screws with large washers at 25 cm intervals.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":316,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"317","group_ID":"36","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/ZolderIsoleren_7.png","afbeelding_title":"How to insulate a loft - Further finishing","titel":"Further finishing","bericht":"

After you’ve insulated the roof, you can finish the inside with plasterboard or other sheet material. If you’re using plasterboard you’ll need to first fix wood battens across the roof beams to make a sturdy framework onto which you can easily fit the plasterboard panels. You can then fix the plasterboard panels to the wood battens using self-tapping screws. It’s best to use a power drill\/screwdriver with a plasterboard bit adapter, so you don’t damage the plasterboard.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":317,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"318","group_ID":"36","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/ZolderIsoleren_8.png","afbeelding_title":"How to insulate a loft - Insulating the loft floor","titel":"Insulating the loft floor","bericht":"

If your loft doesn’t have an open staircase, you can choose to just insulate the floor. The insulation works best on a flat surface, and should be laid with the individual panels joined tightly together. To seal the floor structure as well as possible, you can first apply an airtight membrane. If your loft only has a lightweight floor structure you need to apply a moisture-proof membrane, especially if there’s a poorly ventilated bathroom directly underneath.
Cut the insulation panels or sheets slightly wider than the gap between the beams and press them firmly into place. If you’re using insulation blankets, use a width that allows you to staple the insulation to the sides of the beams. Try to keep the material as tight as possible, without gaps or folds. The insulation between the beams doesn’t need to be covered. If the loft needs to be accessible, you can fit lateral beams with sturdy panels on top of them.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":318,"extra_tips":"nee"}],"tip":[{"ID":"4465","group_ID":"stepbystep_36","tip":"

Take care when you’re working with glass wool or mineral wool insulation panels, as these materials can cause irritation to skin, eyes and airways. Make sure the working area is well ventilated.<\/p> ","tool_tip":"","conversie":"","tip_afbeelding":""}],"tooltips":[]},{"ID":"37","group_ID":"3","category":",10,","titel":"How to shorten a door","vraag":"Shortening a door","omschrijving":"

If you fit a new carpet or parquet or laminate flooring, you may find there’s a door you can’t open or close. That means you’ll have to shorten the door. The same often applies when you’ve bought a nice new door. If the difference isn’t too big you may be able to get away with planing or sanding a little material off the bottom of the door. But if it’s more than that, you’ll have to saw a piece off the door.<\/p> ","gereedschap":["wood chisel","hand plane or power planer","belt sander","hand saw or jigsaw","screwdriver","center punch","hammer"],"positie":0,"introductie_image":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/DeurInkorten_2_8.png","introductie_image_title":"Shortening a door","meta_title":"How to shorten a door","meta_description":"If you fit a new carpet or parquet or laminate flooring, you may find there\u2019s a door you can\u2019t open or close. That means you\u2019ll have to shorten the door. ","meta_keywords":"door, shortening, doors, shorten, how to","small_header_image":"","afbeelding_header":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/shortening_a_door.jpg","afbeelding_header_title":"How to shorten a door","afbeelding_overzicht":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/shortening_a_door_cat.jpg","afbeelding_overzicht_title":"How to shorten a door","gerelateerde_stappenplannen":",32,28,44,","gerelateerde_klustips":",9,4,35,","forceer_homepage":"nee","hits":"8","stap":[{"ID":"319","group_ID":"37","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/DeurInkorten_1.png","afbeelding_title":"How to shorten a door - What you need to know before you start","titel":"What you need to know before you start","bericht":"

If you have a hollow door you can’t saw too much off the bottom. These doors are no more than a wooden frame with two hardboard sheets over it, and can’t be shortened by more than about 1 cm. If you have an MDF or laminated door you can remove slightly more than that. There are 2 kinds of interior doors: flush doors and overlapping doors. A flush door falls entirely into the door frame and is mounted on hinges. An overlapping door falls partly into the door frame with a lip that rests on the outside of the door frame. This type of door is mounted on a barrel hinge, which allows the door to be lifted out of the door frame.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":0,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"320","group_ID":"37","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/DeurInkorten_2.png","afbeelding_title":"How to shorten a door - Measuring","titel":"Measuring","bericht":"

If you want to replace an old door you’ll first have to measure the size of the door opening. A carpenter’s ruler is easy to use and allows accurate measurement. First you measure the height and then the width at both the top and bottom of the frame. If there’s a difference in the width, take the largest size. Allow a gap of 2 mm at the top between the door and the frame. If you’re replacing the door it’s best to also replace the hinges at the same time.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":1,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"321","group_ID":"37","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/DeurInkorten_3.png","afbeelding_title":"How to shorten a door - Shortening the length ","titel":"Shortening the length ","bericht":"

To allow the door to open and close freely, leave a gap of 4 to 8 mm at top and bottom. Mark off with a pencil how much needs to be removed at the bottom of the door. Then use a center punch to drive the pins out of the hinges. Of if you don’t have a punch you can use a large nail.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":2,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"322","group_ID":"37","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/DeurInkorten_4.png","afbeelding_title":"How to shorten a door - Straight line","titel":"Straight line","bericht":"

Then use a try square to draw a straight line across the full width of the door at right angles to the vertical edges. Place the door on a sturdy workbench or trestles so that it is well supported. Plane or saw off the marked part at the bottom of the door and finish the edge smoothly with sandpaper. If you’re using a plane, hold the tool at an angle to the planing direction. The plane will then cut more easily.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":3,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"323","group_ID":"37","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/DeurInkorten_5.png","afbeelding_title":"How to shorten a door - Belt sander","titel":"Belt sander","bericht":"

If you’re using a belt sander you need to make allowance for the high speed of rotation, so work with care. Before you start check that the sanding belt is properly aligned – turn the tensioner knob until the belt runs perfectly straight over the baseplate. Move the machine evenly across the surface. The machine sands very rapidly, and if you’re not careful you can make uneven tracks in the wood. To sand a door it’s best to use a coarse sanding belt with a grit of 40.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":4,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"324","group_ID":"37","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/DeurInkorten_6.png","afbeelding_title":"How to shorten a door - Saw off a narrow strip","titel":"Saw off a narrow strip","bericht":"

If you only need to remove a narrow strip, it’s a good idea to clamp a wooden plank to the underside of the door. That will make sawing a lot easier. Protect the bottom edge of the door against moisture with a coat of paint or varnish. Then you can hang the door on its hinges again.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":5,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"325","group_ID":"37","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/DeurInkorten_7.png","afbeelding_title":"How to shorten a door - Fitting the door to the right width","titel":"Fitting the door to the right width","bericht":"

First check whether the door edge with the hinges is parallel to the frame. If it isn’t, you’ll first need to plane it to fit. To allow for the gap which the door needs so it can rotate freely in the frame, fit a 6 mm thick strip of wood inside the frame at the side with the hinges. Place the door against the strip. Then you can mark off the material to be removed at the closing edge of the door by drawing a line with a pencil along the door frame.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":6,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"326","group_ID":"37","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/DeurInkorten_8.png","afbeelding_title":"How to shorten a door - Finishing the door","titel":"Finishing the door","bericht":"

Place the door on the trestles and saw along the line you’ve marked. If you have a door with a built-in window or several small windows, and if you need to remove more than 5 mm, you’ll need to saw off half the amount to be removed at each side, as otherwise the door will be asymmetrical. To allow the door to close smoothly you can if required plane off about 1.5 mm sloping downwards towards the inside of the door.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":7,"extra_tips":"nee"}],"tip":[{"ID":"4448","group_ID":"stepbystep_37","tip":"

\tIf the door is just a fraction too long so the bottom edge touches the floor, you can place a piece of sandpaper on a thin plank under the open door. If you then open and close the door over the sandpaper a few times the problem will be solved.<\/p> ","tool_tip":"","conversie":",,","tip_afbeelding":""}],"tooltips":[]},{"ID":"38","group_ID":"2","category":",10,6,","titel":"How to fit a cat flap","vraag":"Fitting a cat flap","omschrijving":"

If you’re a cat lover, you probably need to let your cat in and out all the time. A cat flap is a safe and handy solution which you can easily fit into a door yourself.<\/p> ","gereedschap":["hammer drill","jigsaw","(cordless) drill\/screwdriver","pencil","tape measure or carpenter\u2019s ruler","sandpaper ","safety glasses"],"positie":0,"introductie_image":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Kattenluikje_8_8.png","introductie_image_title":"Fitting a cat flap","meta_title":"How to fit a cat flap","meta_description":"If you\u2019re a cat lover, you probably need to let your cat in and out all the time. A cat flap is a handy solution which you can fit into a door yourself. ","meta_keywords":"cat flap, installing, fitting, how to","small_header_image":"","afbeelding_header":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/fitting_a_cat_flap.jpg","afbeelding_header_title":"How to fit a cat flap","afbeelding_overzicht":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/fitting_a_cat_flap_cat.jpg","afbeelding_overzicht_title":"How to fit a cat flap","gerelateerde_stappenplannen":",47,68,48,","gerelateerde_klustips":",8,47,","forceer_homepage":"nee","hits":"5","stap":[{"ID":"328","group_ID":"38","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Kattenluikje_1.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit a cat flap - Measure your cat ","titel":"Measure your cat ","bericht":"

Cats aren’t all the same size. To be able to go in and out, the cat flap needs to be the right height above the floor. The average height of a cat flap is 15 cm above the floor. This is also the average height of a cat’s stomach. Mark out the right height at two points to ensure a straight line.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":328,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"329","group_ID":"38","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Kattenluikje_2.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit a cat flap - Choosing the right place","titel":"Choosing the right place","bericht":"

Most cat owners fit a car flap in the center of the door. To do that, first mark out the center point of the door.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":329,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"330","group_ID":"38","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Kattenluikje_3.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit a cat flap - Marking out the position","titel":"Marking out the position","bericht":"

Most cat flaps are supplied with a paper template, so you can see where you need to drill the holes marking the area to saw out of the door. Make sure that the middle of the template is at the center point of the door. Use tape to hold the template in place.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":330,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"332","group_ID":"38","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Kattenluikje_4.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit a cat flap - Choose the right drill","titel":"Choose the right drill","bericht":"

The drill diameter needs to be a bit bigger than the width of the blade in your jigsaw, so you can rotate it in the hole you’ve drilled. Wear your safety glasses and make sure no loose clothes or hair are in the way while you’re sawing.

Drill the holes<\/strong>
Drill a hole at each corner of the template. The positions of these holes mark the square contour of the cat flap. Mark the horizontal and vertical lines directly on the door.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":332,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"333","group_ID":"38","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Kattenluikje_5.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit a cat flap - Saw out the opening","titel":"Saw out the opening","bericht":"

Before you start sawing, first make sure the door is closed. Take a stable working position and insert the jigsaw blade in one of the holes. Keep the saw flat against the door and make sure it doesn’t move up and down while you’re sawing. Take your time when you’re sawing. Follow the lines carefully and saw in as straight a line as possible between the drilled holes.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":333,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"334","group_ID":"38","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Kattenluikje_6.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit a cat flap - Re-using the removed piece of wood","titel":"Re-using the removed piece of wood","bericht":"

After you’ve sawed all round the line, remove the inner square of wood from the hole. If you haven’t bought a ready-to-use cat flap then you can use that piece to make your own cat flap.

Finish the inside edges of the hole with sandpaper and remove the dust with a vacuum cleaner.
Place the front part of the cat flap over the hole and check that the flap can move freely.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":334,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"338","group_ID":"38","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Kattenluikje_7.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit a cat flap - Mark out the fixing holes","titel":"Mark out the fixing holes","bericht":"

When you’ve placed the front of the car flap straight in the door, you can mark out the positions of the fixing holes in the four corners.

Drill the fixing holes<\/strong>
Drill the fixing holes at each of the four places you’ve marked right through to the other side of the door. Make sure you hold the drill perfectly horizontally.

Fit the outside part of the cat flap<\/strong>
Hold the inside part of the car flap in position over the four holes and insert the long bolts through the holes. Then open the door and place the outside part of the cat flap over the protruding bolts. Different types of cat flaps are available, and the fixing methods may differ.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":338,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"339","group_ID":"38","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Kattenluikje_8.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit a cat flap - Fix the cat flap in place","titel":"Fix the cat flap in place","bericht":"

With the fixing nut in one hand and the screwdriver in the other, fit the nut so it is finger tight. Repeat with the other three nuts. When you’ve fitted all four nuts, check that the bottom edge of the cat flap is perfectly horizontal. Then tighten all the nuts securely.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":339,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"340","group_ID":"38","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Kattenluikje_9.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit a cat flap - Making your own cat flap","titel":"Making your own cat flap","bericht":"

You can also finish the inner square of wood that you’ve removed neatly and use it as a cat flap. Fit a wooden frame with two-way hinges at the top so the cat flap can open in both directions. You can fit a strip of wood at the bottom of the flap for extra weight.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":340,"extra_tips":"nee"}],"tip":[{"ID":"4449","group_ID":"stepbystep_38","tip":"

\tYou can also get an electronic cat flap that detects a unique ID chip in the cat’s collar, so stray cats can’t come into your house.<\/p> ","tool_tip":"","conversie":",,","tip_afbeelding":""}],"tooltips":[]},{"ID":"39","group_ID":"1","category":",12,","titel":"How to prevent burglary","vraag":"Burglary prevention","omschrijving":"

Most burglaries take place through a door or window that’s easy to open. You can make your home a lot more secure by taking a few simple measures. For example you can make it much harder for burglars to gain entry by using strong, secure door and window locks. As well as that you can fit automatic lighting controls, roller blinds or a burglar alarm system.<\/p> ","gereedschap":["There are different tools that you can use for burglary prevention.",""],"positie":0,"introductie_image":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/Beveiliging_04_1.png","introductie_image_title":"Burglary prevention","meta_title":"How to prevent burglary","meta_description":"Most burglaries take place through a door or window that\u2019s easy to open. You can make your home a lot more secure by taking a few simple measures. ","meta_keywords":"prevention, burglary, secure, locks, controls, burglar, burglaries , burglars, crime prevention, tips, how to","small_header_image":"","afbeelding_header":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/burglary_prevention.jpg","afbeelding_header_title":"How to prevent burglary","afbeelding_overzicht":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/burglary_prevention_cat.jpg","afbeelding_overzicht_title":"How to prevent burglary","gerelateerde_stappenplannen":",32,31,","gerelateerde_klustips":",48,16,","forceer_homepage":"nee","hits":"4","stap":[{"ID":"341","group_ID":"39","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Beveiliging_01.png","afbeelding_title":"How to prevent burglary - Your home is a showroom!","titel":"Your home is a showroom!","bericht":"

Remember that if you leave your curtains or blinds open, it’s easy for a burglar to see exactly what you have in your home. So good burglary prevention starts with where you keep things in your home and your daily routine.

Interior inspection<\/strong>
Make sure there are no items left around the outside of your home which burglars can use to gain access. So don’t leave (step) ladders unlocked in your garden or in an open shed. And the same applies to heavy tools – always keep these locked away. Keep any cellar or basement windows closed, and if necessary fit them with security grilles.

Think like a burglar<\/strong>
Unless you’ve left a door or window open, a burglar starts by forcing a door or window open. Take a good look at all the potential break-in points. For example is it possible to reach the top floor by climbing trees close to the wall, or by using a balcony, waste container, gutter or a trellis for climbing plants? The toilet window is another potential entry point.
Burglars can often gain entry easily using simple tools such as pliers, a screwdriver or crowbar. So make it as hard as possible for them, then they’ll be more likely to try their luck somewhere else.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":341,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"342","group_ID":"39","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Beveiliging_02.png","afbeelding_title":"How to prevent burglary - Cylinder lock in the outside doors ","titel":"Cylinder lock in the outside doors ","bericht":"

If you want to replace a simple mortise lock in the door with a more secure cylinder lock, there are a few important points to note:
1. The depth of the lock in the door.
2. The distance between the sprung latch and the locking bolt; this is normally 110 or 72 mm
3. The length of the cylinder is the same as the thickness of the door; this is normally 60 mm

If the door already has a cylinder lock, the locking bolt or night latch must protrude by at least 20 mm. It’s easiest to replace the lock if the body of the lock and the strike plate are the same size as those of the old lock. If that isn’t possible, then choose a lock with a larger faceplate so the new fixing screws will fit into the wood of the door at different points. Or you can fit an additional security bolt to the door.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":342,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"343","group_ID":"39","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Beveiliging_03.png","afbeelding_title":"How to prevent burglary - Enclosed box keep","titel":"Enclosed box keep","bericht":"

If you fit a lock with an enclosed box keep instead of a simple strike plate, a burglar can’t use a screwdriver to push back the locking bolt or night latch. To fit a box keep, you have to cut out or drill out a large enough recess in the door frame for the box section to fit into.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":343,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"344","group_ID":"39","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Beveiliging_04.png","afbeelding_title":"How to prevent burglary - Fitting anti-burglary pins","titel":"Fitting anti-burglary pins","bericht":"

Anti-burglary pins prevent a burglar from simply taking the door out after removing the hinge pin.
Drill a hole with a diameter of 10 mm and a depth of 30 mm in the door about 5 cm from each hinge. Insert the anti-burglary pins into the holes with the pointed ends protruding from the door.
Now press the door closed so that the protruding pins mark out the points on the door frame where the holes for the sleeves have to be drilled. Drill these holes with a diameter of 17 mm and a depth of 20 mm.
You can now insert the sleeves into these holes. You can fit 3 anti-burglary pins in each door.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":344,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"345","group_ID":"39","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Beveiliging_05.png","afbeelding_title":"How to prevent burglary - Extra lock","titel":"Extra lock","bericht":"

If you want to make an outside door extra secure, you can fit a secondary lock at the bottom of the door. Fit this secondary lock in exactly the same way as the main lock in the middle of the door. If there isn’t enough space for this kind of lock, you can still fit a rim lock which is mounted on the inside surface of the door.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":345,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"346","group_ID":"39","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Beveiliging_06.png","afbeelding_title":"How to prevent burglary - Sliding doors or windows","titel":"Sliding doors or windows","bericht":"

If you have sliding doors or windows, you can fit them with cylinder locks. These locks have a pin which protrudes into the sliding part of the door or window. The cylinder lock is operated by a key, and when it’s locked the door or window can’t be opened.
This system can also be used on roof windows and skylights such as Velux windows. Many people forget about these windows. If a burglar can get onto the roof he can then open the locking mechanism inside a skylight using a screwdriver, for example through the ventilation cover. In that case, a cylinder lock with a pin prevents the skylight from being tilted open.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":346,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"347","group_ID":"39","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Beveiliging_07.png","afbeelding_title":"How to prevent burglary - Increased security with a multipoint lock","titel":"Increased security with a multipoint lock","bericht":"

A multipoint lock secures the door at 3 different points. The 3 locks are operated by a single key. Fitting is the same as for a single lock, except that the strike plate extends over the entire height of the door.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":347,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"348","group_ID":"39","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Beveiliging_08.png","afbeelding_title":"How to prevent burglary - Multipoint rim lock","titel":"Multipoint rim lock","bericht":"

Multipoint locks are also available in the form of rim locks (surface-mounted locks). These locks have the advantage that they can be fitted to the door without the need for far-reaching changes. The center lock is fitted in the same way as for a single rim lock. The two rods link the central lock with two anchor points: one at the top of the door and one at the bottom. You can saw these rods to the required length and then fit the guides for the rods.
Note that the ends of the rods have to be longer than the door itself, because these have to engage in the strike plates at the top and bottom when the door is closed. First fit the top strike plate in the top part of the door frame. Then if necessary make a recess in the floor to accept the lower rod end. Finally, check that all parts of the rod mechanism operate smoothly.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":348,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"349","group_ID":"39","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Beveiliging_09.png","afbeelding_title":"How to prevent burglary - Fitting security grilles to basement or cellar windows","titel":"Fitting security grilles to basement or cellar windows","bericht":"

You can fit security grilles or bars in front of or behind basement and cellar windows. It’s often possible to buy ready-to-fit security grilles or bars for standard-size window frames, or otherwise you can make them yourself. Divide the width of the window frame into sections of around 20 cm, and mark out the positions of the bars. Make the requires holes (at least 8 cm deep) in the brickwork with a drill or chisel. Check that the bars are securely fitted both vertically and horizontally, and fix them in place with cement.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":349,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"350","group_ID":"39","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Beveiliging_10.png","afbeelding_title":"How to prevent burglary - Door viewer","titel":"Door viewer","bericht":"

To make sure you don’t open the door to uninvited guests, you can fit a door or ‘peephole’ viewer. This lets you identify callers before you let them in. Drill a hole in the door at around eye height (approximately 1.65 m) with the diameter as indicated on the packaging of the door viewer. Screw the 2 parts of the door viewer containing the optical lenses together as far as possible.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":350,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"351","group_ID":"39","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Beveiliging_11.png","afbeelding_title":"How to prevent burglary - Door security latch or chain","titel":"Door security latch or chain","bericht":"

Another option that lets you identify callers before opening the door is a door security latch or chain. This allows you to open the door slightly for identification purposes, but prevents the door from being opened fully.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":351,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"352","group_ID":"39","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Beveiliging_12.png","afbeelding_title":"How to prevent burglary - Safety foil","titel":"Safety foil","bericht":"

If you apply self-adhesive foil, a window won’t break into sharp pieces if it is broken. Cut the foil to size and stick it onto the glass. It’s easier to fit this self adhesive foil if you first moisten the glass with a solution of water and soap. Then you can squeeze out the water under the foil and any remaining air bubbles with a squeegee. Just allow it to dry and that’s it!<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":352,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"353","group_ID":"39","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Beveiliging_13.png","afbeelding_title":"How to prevent burglary - A fireproof safe","titel":"A fireproof safe","bericht":"

A strongly anchored fireproof safe is a good place to keep all your valuables and important documents safe from fire and theft. It also means you’ll always know where they are, so you won’t have to go looking for them when you need them. Most fireproof safes are fitted with a combination lock.
To fit a fireproof safe you have to select a smart place in your home, for example inside a cupboard. You can easily place the safe on one of the shelves in the cupboard and secure it to the wall at the back. Or for a really professional job, you can fit the safe into a recess in the wall and secure it with cement.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":353,"extra_tips":"nee"}],"tip":[{"ID":"4450","group_ID":"stepbystep_39","tip":"

\tAlways make sure you house looks occupied, even if there’s no-one at home. For example leave the radio on, make sure the letterbox doesn’t overflow, and don’t stick a note on the door saying that you’ll be away for a while. Small precautions like these can be enough to prevent a break-in.<\/p> ","tool_tip":"","conversie":",,","tip_afbeelding":""}],"tooltips":[]},{"ID":"40","group_ID":"1","category":",3,10,4,1,","titel":"How to fit Venetian blinds","vraag":"Fitting Venetian blinds","omschrijving":"

If you have standard-size window frames, you’ll probably be able to find Venetian blinds that fit exactly. Or you can ask the supplier of the window frames whether they have matching products. If not, it’s easy to fit the blinds to size. Choose blinds that are slightly longer and wider than the inside dimensions of the window frame. Blinds are available in different colors and materials, such as vinyl, aluminium, wood and textiles.

Attention points<\/strong><\/strong>
Always follow the instructions supplied with the blinds!<\/p> ","gereedschap":["hammer drill","wood drill bit (2.5 mm) or masonry drill bit (6 mm)","spirit level","hobby knife","hacksaw","awl","try square","screwdriver","tape measure","pencil ","file ",""],"positie":0,"introductie_image":"","introductie_image_title":"Fitting Venetian blinds","meta_title":"How to fit Venetian blinds","meta_description":"If you have standard-size window frames, you\u2019ll probably be able to find Venetian blinds that fit exactly. If not, it\u2019s easy to fit the blinds to size. ","meta_keywords":"blinds, venetian, window, frames, how to","small_header_image":"","afbeelding_header":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/fitting_Venetian_blinds.jpg","afbeelding_header_title":"How to fit Venetian blinds","afbeelding_overzicht":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/fitting_Venetian_blinds_cat.jpg","afbeelding_overzicht_title":"How to fit Venetian blinds","gerelateerde_stappenplannen":",14,3,42,","gerelateerde_klustips":",44,8,16,","forceer_homepage":"nee","hits":"12","stap":[{"ID":"354","group_ID":"40","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Horizontale-zonwering_01.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit Venetian blinds - Advantages of Venetian blinds","titel":"Advantages of Venetian blinds","bericht":"

Blinds of this kind provide excellent insulation. In the winter the warm air flows into the room, so the concave sides of the slats should face inwards. While in the summer the warm air is directed upwards, so the concave face of the slats should face outwards. These Venetian blinds can be raised and adjusted by the mechanism in the top rail.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":0,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"355","group_ID":"40","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Horizontale-zonwering_02.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit Venetian blinds - Different mounting systems","titel":"Different mounting systems","bericht":"

Venetian blinds are supplied with different types of mounting brackets. For example the top support of the blind can be secured by box-section brackets with a locking plate or by angle brackets with a rotary locking lever to fix the top rail in place.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":1,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"356","group_ID":"40","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Horizontale-zonwering_03.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit Venetian blinds - Choosing the right place","titel":"Choosing the right place","bericht":"

You can fit the blinds in different ways depending on the available space and your own preference:
1. Fix them to the window frame (not recommended with plastic or aluminum window frames because the holes can’t be repaired later)
2. Fix them to the wall above the window frame
3. Fix them to the ceiling<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":2,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"357","group_ID":"40","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Horizontale-zonwering_04.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit Venetian blinds - Fitting the mounting brackets","titel":"Fitting the mounting brackets","bericht":"

Locate the position of the first bracket and mark out the positions of the holes to be drilled. If you’re fitting the Venetian blind to the window frame, first predrill the holes for the screws with a thin wood drill (2.5 mm). Or if you’re fitting the blind to the wall, use a 6 mm masonry drill and insert the wall plugs. Then screw the bracket into place and partially tighten the fixing screws. Using a length of wood and a spirit level, place the mounting rail horizontally and mark out the position of the second bracket. If you need to fit a third bracket, make sure it is clear of the ladder cord or tape.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":3,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"358","group_ID":"40","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Horizontale-zonwering_05.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit Venetian blinds - Measure the internal width","titel":"Measure the internal width","bericht":"

After fitting the mounting brackets, you can measure the internal width of the Venetian blind between the brackets. Mark out this width on the top and bottom rails of the blind. When you’re measuring, make sure you allow for the extra width of the end caps of the rails.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":4,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"359","group_ID":"40","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Horizontale-zonwering_06.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit Venetian blinds - Cut the top rail to size","titel":"Cut the top rail to size","bericht":"

Cut the top and bottom rails to the right width with a hacksaw. Protect the slats with a cloth or a piece of cardboard while you’re working. Replace the end caps on the rails after sawing.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":5,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"360","group_ID":"40","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Horizontale-zonwering_07.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit Venetian blinds - Cut the slats to size","titel":"Cut the slats to size","bericht":"

Hang the blind up temporarily and mark out the internal width on the bottom slat. Make sure the blind is centered so you cut the left and right sides to size evenly. Use a special slat cutter or scissors to cut the slat to the right width. Then cut the other slats to size (you can use the piece you’ve cut off the bottom slat as a template for the other slats). Then you can hang the Venetian blind in place and lock it in the brackets.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":6,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"361","group_ID":"40","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Horizontale-zonwering_08.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit Venetian blinds - Adjust the height","titel":" Adjust the height","bericht":"

If the Venetian blind is too long, there will be a thick bunch of unused slats at the bottom. You can prevent this by removing the unneeded slats. Remove the plastic end caps from the bottom rail and undo the cord at the bottom. Remove the bottom rail and take the unneeded slats out of the ladder cord or tape. Then you can replace the bottom rail and thread the cord back in place. Replace the end caps in the rail, cut the ladder cord or tape to the right length and re-tie the ends. Finally, fit the rod to open and close the Venetian blind into its holder.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":7,"extra_tips":"nee"}],"tip":[{"ID":"4463","group_ID":"stepbystep_40","tip":"

It's best to use a hammer if you have to drill into a concrete wall or ceiling.<\/p> ","tool_tip":"","conversie":"","tip_afbeelding":""}],"tooltips":[]},{"ID":"61","group_ID":"","category":",8,","titel":"How to paint exterior walls","vraag":"","omschrijving":"

Painting the outside walls of your home can give it a fresh and well cared-for look and create significant added value. As well as that, the paint protects the walls against wind and weather. But painting the outside walls requires a certain amount of knowledge and preparation. You need to take plenty of time for the preparations, and choose the best-quality materials. These will give you the best assurance of good results and long-lasting protection.<\/p>

Attention points<\/strong>
Use good-quality brushes and rollers – these give a noticeably better result.<\/p> ","gereedschap":["wall filler","filling knife","fine sandpaper","moist, dust-free cloth","paint-resistant filler","spraying mask","wood filler","putty or sealant","hobby knife","paint","stirring rods","angled brush","roller","paint tray","roller extension handle","masking tape","cloth or plastic sheet to protect the floor and furniture","degreaser, e.g. ammonia or other cleaning agent"],"positie":0,"introductie_image":"","introductie_image_title":"","meta_title":"Paint your outside walls yourself","meta_description":"There are a lot of things to remember when you\u2019re painting outside walls. You\u2019ll find handy step-by-step instructions here for how you can paint your outside walls by yourself.","meta_keywords":"paint, painting, brickwork, painting outside walls, painting walls, painting outside, painting outside wall, painting wall, tips for painting walls, how to ","small_header_image":"","afbeelding_header":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/Painting_outside_walls.jpg","afbeelding_header_title":"How to paint exterior walls","afbeelding_overzicht":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/Painting_outside_walls_cat.jpg","afbeelding_overzicht_title":"How to paint exterior walls","gerelateerde_stappenplannen":",60,3,59,","gerelateerde_klustips":",21,20,3,","forceer_homepage":"nee","hits":"4","stap":[{"ID":"576","group_ID":"61","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplannen\/BuitenmuurVerven-01.png","afbeelding_title":"How to paint exterior walls - Choosing your paint","titel":"Choosing your paint","bericht":"

Acrylic (water-based) wall paint is the best choice for outside walls. This kind of paint helps to make the wall waterproof, and at the same time it allows moisture that is already in the wall to evaporate to the outside. Remove as many obstacles as possible when you’re painting an outside wall, for example shutters, plants and bushes, ivy etc. Also you should check the pointing of the brickwork, and remove any plug, screws, nails etc.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":0,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"577","group_ID":"61","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplannen\/BuitenmuurVerven-02.png","afbeelding_title":"How to paint exterior walls - Repairing cracks and pointing of brickwork","titel":"Repairing cracks and pointing of brickwork","bericht":"

If you want to paint an old brick wall, there’s a good chance that some of the pointing will be cracked of has even disappeared completely. You’ll have to repair this before you can start painting. So you need to remove the damaged areas, re-point them and repair any cracks and other problems.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":1,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"578","group_ID":"61","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplannen\/BuitenmuurVerven-03.png","afbeelding_title":"How to paint exterior walls - Salt deposits","titel":"Salt deposits","bericht":"

If you’re painting a new wall, there’s a good chance that you’ll see salt formation and white deposits on the wall. This is because salt residues can be left behind on new walls, after the moisture in the wall has dried. You can remove this with a wire brush or with a Multi-Stripper with a cleaning brush. After that, remove the loosened powder with a soft brush. Note: don’t allow the clean and dry walls to become wet again! And don’t use a high-pressure washer, otherwise the process will start all over again.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":2,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"579","group_ID":"61","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplannen\/BuitenmuurVerven-04.png","afbeelding_title":"How to paint exterior walls - Clean the wall","titel":"Clean the wall","bericht":"

Always start on a clean wall. If the wall is water-sensitive, or if you live in a wooded environment, you’re sure to feel the effects of moss or algae growth. You can remove this with a wire brush and a hobby knife. Then treat the wall with bleach at a 50\/50 dilution. Allow it to work for a few hours, and then rinse thoroughly with water. Make sure the wall is really dry before you start painting – this will take a few days.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":3,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"580","group_ID":"61","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplannen\/BuitenmuurVerven-05.png","afbeelding_title":"How to paint exterior walls - Pressure washer","titel":"Pressure washer","bericht":"

A pressure washer will allow you to remove most of the dirt from the wall. At the same time you’ll be able to remove all the loose paint and debris from the wall. If necessary you can apply moss remover – allow it to take effect and then spray the wall clean again. After that, wait 14 days before starting with the painting, depending of course on the weather.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":4,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"581","group_ID":"61","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplannen\/BuitenmuurVerven-06.png","afbeelding_title":"How to paint exterior walls - Rising damp","titel":"Rising damp","bericht":"

If damp in the wall is a problem, you need to solve this problem first. The reason may be that no good insulation was applied between the foundation and the wall. In that case you can add a ventilation opening, for example in a vertical gap in the pointing, or you can replace one brick by a ventilation grid.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":5,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"582","group_ID":"61","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplannen\/BuitenmuurVerven-07.png","afbeelding_title":"How to paint exterior walls - Walls with a powdery surface","titel":"Walls with a powdery surface","bericht":"

Walls that have been painted earlier can be affected by powdery deposits, which will prevent good adhesion of the new paint coat. The underlying surface then needs to be fixed with a special primer. A good, firm surface is essential as otherwise the paint coat all not adhere properly, and will become loose again in just a short time.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":6,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"583","group_ID":"61","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplannen\/BuitenmuurVerven-08.png","afbeelding_title":"How to paint exterior walls - Make a plinth at the base of the wall","titel":"Make a plinth at the base of the wall","bericht":"

At ground level you should brush the underside of the wall clean of soil and sand, to prevent the brush from becoming clogged. If possible, dig out to a further depth of one brick, clean out the sand and allow to dry well. First apply an undercoat to untreated bricks, and allow to dry for at least 12 hours. If you accentuate this ‘plinth’ in a darker color, splashes of mud won’t be so noticeable.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":7,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"584","group_ID":"61","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplannen\/BuitenmuurVerven-09.png","afbeelding_title":"How to paint exterior walls - Mask door and window frames","titel":"Mask door and window frames","bericht":"

Cover nearby plants and bushes with plastic foil. Mask window and door frames and other woodwork with masking tape. First paint the edges of the wall with a large brush, and paint the joints with the door and window frames and the gutters. Make sure the surfaces have plenty of overlap, and paint from the dry area to the edges of the wet paint.
Don’t be too economical with the amount of paint you use – if you don’t use enough, you may get an uneven, patchy effect.
Check the batch numbers of the paint you use. If these are different, there’s a good chance that you’ll see the differences in color, or color differences after storage for a longer period.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":8,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"585","group_ID":"61","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplannen\/BuitenmuurVerven-10.png","afbeelding_title":"How to paint exterior walls - Spreading the paint","titel":"Spreading the paint","bericht":"

Use a long-haired roller for the paintwork. Then there will be less visible overlapping, and you’ll be able to work much more quickly. Make sure the roller is well filled with paint. Apply a vertical strip of paint. Fill the roller with more paint, and apply a second strip at a distance of 40 cm. Now roll the two strips of paint diagonally over each other. Make sure you apply the paint into all the gaps and pointing. Then paint from the top to halfway down the wall, and then paint from there to the ground.
Then continue at the left or right side with the following paint strip. For smaller areas or near to door or window frames, use a narrow paint roller. Note this will always be a wet painted edge, and you should work from the dry to wet areas.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":9,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"586","group_ID":"61","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplannen\/BuitenmuurVerven-11.png","afbeelding_title":"How to paint exterior walls - Ladder or scaffold","titel":"Ladder or scaffold","bericht":"

Always choose a dry, wind-still day when painting. Use a good ladder or step-ladder, which should be about one meter above the working height. Make sure your ladder is standing on a stable surface, and that it is firmly supported to prevent falling.
Place the ladder at an angle of about 15° relative to the wall. Always move the ladder if you have to reach sideways by more than an arm’s length while you’re working.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":10,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"587","group_ID":"61","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplannen\/BuitenmuurVerven-12.png","afbeelding_title":"How to paint exterior walls - Spacer","titel":"Spacer","bericht":"

A spacer gives the ladder extra stability and increases working safety. You can easily add a spacer to any ladder, and it is very useful for example when working on overhanging gutters. A spacer typically increases the distance between the ladder and the wall by 35 cm. For safer working, it’s best to rent scaffolding or a cherry picker.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":11,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"588","group_ID":"61","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplannen\/BuitenmuurVerven-13.png","afbeelding_title":"How to paint exterior walls - Roof gutters","titel":"Roof gutters","bericht":"

In many cases maintenance will also be needed for the roofing gutters and edges, and these will also need to be painted. If you’ve rented scaffolding or a cherry picker, you can also take a good look at the technical condition of the roof gutter and carry out any repairs that may be needed. See also the step-by-step instructions on ‘Maintaining rain gutters<\/a>’ (tips).<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":12,"extra_tips":"nee"}],"tip":[{"ID":"4477","group_ID":"stepbystep_61","tip":"

How much is 15°? Here’s a good rule of thumb: place your feet against the bottom of the ladder, and use your outstretched arms to measure the angle between the ladder and the wall. If the ladder is at the right angle, the steps should be horizontal.<\/p> ","tool_tip":"","conversie":"","tip_afbeelding":""}],"tooltips":[]},{"ID":"41","group_ID":"2","category":",14,6,","titel":"How to make a tool board and overview hand tools","vraag":"Making a tool board and overview hand tools","omschrijving":"

Good tools are important to do the job successfully. If you choose quality tools, the extra cost is more than worthwhile because you’ll not only get a longer lifetime but you’ll also avoid a lot of frustration. For your toolbox or workshop, it’s worth paying special attention to the small hand tools which are essential for all kinds of repair and maintenance tasks.<\/p> ","gereedschap":["There are different tools that you can use for this job."],"positie":0,"introductie_image":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/Gereedschapswand_01_1.png","introductie_image_title":"Making a tool board and overview hand tools","meta_title":"Tool board and overview hand tools","meta_description":"You can easily make a tool board. Most tool boards are peg boards with holes or slots into which you can fit different kinds of hooks, eyes and holders. ","meta_keywords":"hand tools, tool board, peg board, peg boards, hand tool, tool boards, how to","small_header_image":"","afbeelding_header":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/making_a_tool_board_and_overview_hand_tools.jpg","afbeelding_header_title":"How to make a tool board and overview hand tools","afbeelding_overzicht":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/making_a_tool_board_and_overview_hand_tools_cat.jpg","afbeelding_overzicht_title":"How to make a tool board and overview hand tools","gerelateerde_stappenplannen":",46,45,","gerelateerde_klustips":",42,18,57,","forceer_homepage":"nee","hits":"6","stap":[{"ID":"362","group_ID":"41","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplannen\/Gereedschapswand_01.png","afbeelding_title":"How to make a tool board and overview hand tools - A tool board","titel":"A tool board","bericht":"

You must be able to find tools quickly when you need them. If you hang them on the wall they will be clearly visible and easy to reach. Different systems to hang up your tools are available in DIY stores.
Tip: hang heavier tools like hammers at the bottom. Then they won’t cause so much damage if they fall. Always hang dangerous tools like knives and electric planers out of the reach of children.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":0,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"363","group_ID":"41","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Gereedschapswand_02.png","afbeelding_title":"How to make a tool board and overview hand tools - Peg boards","titel":"Peg boards","bericht":"

Most tool boards are ‘peg boards’ with holes or slots into which you can fit different kinds of hooks, eyes, holders and storage tubs.
These systems are available in different sizes, and you can choose your own layout.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":1,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"364","group_ID":"41","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Gereedschapswand_03.png","afbeelding_title":"How to make a tool board and overview hand tools - Find the right place","titel":"Find the right place","bericht":"

Choose where you want to hang your tool board. If there’s enough space, you can fit a wooden plank over the board with a fluorescent lamp. That means you’ll always have plenty of light where you’re working. Use a strip of wood to shield the front of the lamp so you won’t be blinded by the light. You can use the top of the plank for storage tubs or power tools. And you can also fit storage cupboards over the top of the plank. Make sure you can still reach them!<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":2,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"365","group_ID":"41","afbeelding":"","afbeelding_title":"Making a tool board and overview hand tools - Which tools do you need for which tasks?","titel":"Which tools do you need for which tasks?","bericht":"

You’ll need a few essential tools for everyday jobs and repairs. So make sure you have these basic items in your toolbox or on your tool board. The list below is a handy guide if you’re following job instructions where specific tools are mentioned.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":3,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"366","group_ID":"41","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Gereedschapswand_04.png","afbeelding_title":"How to make a tool board and overview hand tools - Hammers","titel":"Hammers","bericht":"

1. You can recognize a carpenter’s hammer by the tapered tip. This allows small nails to be driven into the wood
2. Claw hammer; the curved claw is used for extracting nails
3. A mallet has a heavy head which produces a much greater impact than a standard hammer
4. A rubber hammer is used to avoid damage to the material or workpiece
5. A wooden hammer is used to drive wedges or to strike a chisel
6. A punch allows you to tap out the central pins of hinges and to drive the heads of nails below the surface of the wood<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":4,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"367","group_ID":"41","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Gereedschapswand_05.png","afbeelding_title":"How to make a tool board and overview hand tools - Pliers","titel":"Pliers","bericht":"

1. Pincers are used to pull out nails or to cut through wire
2. Water pump pliers are used to get a firm grip of water and waste pipes. The adjustable jaws allow a wide range of pipe sizes to be gripped
3. Combination pliers – as the name says – are a combination of flat-jaw pliers, pincers and water pump pliers. The sharp cutting edges can be used to cut thin wire
4. Wire stripping pliers let you remove the insulation from electrical wires and cables. The pliers have an adjustment screw for wires of different diameters. After cutting through the insulation, it can be pulled off the wire
5. Side cutters are widely used for cutting through (electrical) wires and cables
6. Long nose pliers have thin, pointed jaws, making them ideal for all kinds of precision assembly tasks. The toothed jaws ensure a firm grip with minimum need for force by the user<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":5,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"368","group_ID":"41","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Gereedschapswand_06.png","afbeelding_title":"How to make a tool board and overview hand tools - Wrenches and sockets","titel":"Wrenches and sockets","bericht":"

1. A wrench is used to tighten and release nuts and bolts
2. A box-end wrench is similar to a standard wrench but grips all 6 faces of a nut or bolt, while a standard wrench only grips 2 faces
3. An adjustable wrench fits a wide range of nut and bolt sizes if you don’t have the right size wrench
4. A spark plug wrench is used to tighten and release hard-to-reach components
5. A socket wrench has 6 or 12 gripping points, with a square opening in the top face for a socket handle or ratchet handle
6. A hex key or Allen key has a right-angled handle with a hexagonal head at one or both ends, and is used to tighten and release hex-head bolts<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":6,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"369","group_ID":"41","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Gereedschapswand_07.png","afbeelding_title":"How to make a tool board and overview hand tools - Wood saws","titel":"Wood saws","bericht":"

1. A wood saw is used to cut all kinds of wood and panels. These saws usually have a universal tooth profile
2. A backsaw has a reinforced top edge. This gives it extra stiffness for making straight cuts
3. A gent’s saw is a small backsaw with slightly offset teeth for making quick cuts, for example in wooden frames or wood strips. This saw is usually used in combination with a miter box (3a)
4. A fret saw has a fine-toothed blade which is tightened by wing nuts in a U-shaped frame. When using this kind of saw you have to keep the frame vertical. The teeth then point downwards, and you cut through the wood or panel by pulling the frame backwards<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":7,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"370","group_ID":"41","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Gereedschapswand_08.png","afbeelding_title":"How to make a tool board and overview hand tools - Hacksaws and cutting tools","titel":"Hacksaws and cutting tools","bericht":"

1. In a hacksaw the removable blade is fixed tightly in a frame. The teeth of a hacksaw blade point forwards
2. A junior hacksaw is handy for working in tight or hard-to-reach spaces
3. A utility knife or hobby knife has snap-off disposable blade segments, and can be used to cut materials like leather, vinyl, paper, cardboard and plastics
4. A hobby knife with a curved, pointed blade is used for cutting linoleum. It works by pulling the blade towards you<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":8,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"371","group_ID":"41","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Gereedschapswand_09.png","afbeelding_title":"How to make a tool board and overview hand tools - Screwdrivers","titel":"Screwdrivers","bericht":"

1. When using a screwdriver you should always choose one with a tip of the right type and size. That’s why your toolkit should always include a number of different screwdrivers. The most commonly used screwdriver types are: Slotted head (1a), Crosshead (Posidrive) PZ (1b), Crosshead (Phillips) PH (1c) and Torx TX (1d)
2. An electrician’s or VDE screwdriver has a shaft which is covered with plastic insulation, and is available in numerous different sizes. The tip fits the small screws used in electrical fittings and screw terminals
3. A mains tester is used to check for the presence of mains voltage (220-240 volt) by touching the tip of the screwdriver against the terminal or other conductor and holding your finger against the metal contact at the back of the handle. If the lamp in the screwdriver lights it means the terminal or component is connected to the mains voltage; before starting work remove the power plug from the mains outlet or switch off the relevant group in the meter cabinet<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":9,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"372","group_ID":"41","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Gereedschapswand_10.png","afbeelding_title":"How to make a tool board and overview hand tools - Drilling tools","titel":"Drilling tools","bericht":"

1. You can use a standard hand drill or gimlet for predrilling screw holes in wood or other soft materials
2. An awl is used for making small holes in softer kinds of wood, as well as for marking out holes and lines or pricking holes in materials
3. You can use a cordless drill for drilling and for tightening and removing screws, as well as for sanding, polishing and grinding<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":10,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"373","group_ID":"41","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Gereedschapswand_11.png","afbeelding_title":"How to make a tool board and overview hand tools - Filing and planing tools","titel":"Filing and planing tools","bericht":"

1. Wood chisels are available with tips of different sizes, from wide to narrow, and are used for woodworking. When more force is needed you can use a rubber or wooden hammer
2. Files are available in flat, half-round, square and triangular types. They are used for smoothing metal, plastic and wood, and for removing rough edges and other irregularities
3. A wooden block plane is used to remove wood in thin layers. You can adjust the planing depth by loosening the wedge that secures the blade and moving the blade slightly
4. A cold chisel is used for removing parts of masonry or for making recesses for mains sockets, pipes and conduits<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":11,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"374","group_ID":"41","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Gereedschapswand_12.png","afbeelding_title":"How to make a tool board and overview hand tools - Auxiliary tools","titel":"Auxiliary tools","bericht":"

1. If you fold sandpaper around a sanding block, it’s easier to sand surfaces smooth and flat. Always sand in the direction of the wood grain
2. A wire brush is handy for removing dirt and rust. The brush is usually made of steel, but you can use a brass or copper brush on soft surfaces
3. A filling knife is used to fill holes and cracks in walls, wood or metal. You can also use it to scrape off old paint layers and wallpaper residues
4. Clamps are used to hold workpieces together, for example when you want to glue them. It’s a good idea to protect your workpiece with card, blocks of wood or triplex
5. As the name suggests, quick-grip clamps are faster to use than the usual kinds of clamps but still allow tight workpiece clamping<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":12,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"375","group_ID":"41","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Gereedschapswand_13.png","afbeelding_title":"How to make a tool board and overview hand tools - Measuring tools","titel":"Measuring tools","bericht":"

1. The well known tape measure easily fits in your pocket
2. It’s often handier to use a yardstick, because unlike a tape measure the end doesn’t bend when you’re measuring from a distance. It also allows more precise measurement
3. A caliper is a measuring tool for making precise internal, external and depth measurements. It has 2 pairs of jaws for internal and external measurements as well as a depth probe. Standard calipers have a ruler scale on the tool body for direct measurement, but types with a digital display are also available
4. A try square lets you check that one part of a workpiece is at right angles to another
5. A sliding T bevel is used to transfer an angle from one workpiece to another. The angle between the blade and handle can be set by means of a wing nut, so that the same angle can be copied and checked after sawing
6. Of course every toolkit should include a spirit level. When the bubble is exactly centered between the 2 markings, you know that your workpiece is perfectly horizontal or vertical<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":13,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"376","group_ID":"41","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Gereedschapswand_14.png","afbeelding_title":"How to make a tool board and overview hand tools - Personal protection equipment and safety","titel":"Personal protection equipment and safety","bericht":"

Always use the right personal protection equipment to protect you from noise, dust or sparks while you are working. For example:
1. Working gloves
2. Dust mask
3. Ear defenders
4. Safety glasses

It’s also a good idea to make sure you have a first aid box and a fire extinguisher \/ fire blanket \/ bucket of water close to where you’re working.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":14,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"377","group_ID":"41","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Gereedschapswand_15.png","afbeelding_title":"How to make a tool board and overview hand tools - Electrical tools","titel":"Electrical tools","bericht":"

It goes without saying that electric versions of most of the tools described here are also available. These are usually too big to keep them on your tool board.
• Electric staple gun
• Hammer drills
• Laser \/ measuring tools
• Angle grinders
• Hammer drills
• Hot air guns
• Jigsaws
• Electric planers
• Routers
• Sanders
• Circular saws
• Reciprocating saws
• Drills<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":15,"extra_tips":"nee"}],"tip":[{"ID":"4451","group_ID":"stepbystep_41","tip":"

\tIf you keep your tools in a damp shed or garage, they may rust. It’s best to make sure your tools are clean and rust-free and then to spray them with WD-40, silicone oil or other form of rust protection<\/p> ","tool_tip":"For its Urban Series garden tools Skil has an integrated free of charge \u2018Easy Storage\u2019 system. This space-saving solution allows you to store your Skil garden tools orderly and neatly after use.
","conversie":",,","tip_afbeelding":""}],"tooltips":[]},{"ID":"42","group_ID":"1","category":",3,10,4,1,","titel":"How to fit vertical blinds","vraag":"Fitting vertical blinds","omschrijving":"

If you have standard-size window frames you can probably find vertical blinds of the right width. But it’s easy to adjust the width of the blinds to the right size. To ensure a good fit you should buy blinds that are slightly longer than the height of the window frame. You can buy vertical blinds in different colors and materials, such as vinyl, aluminium and textiles.<\/p> ","gereedschap":["hammer drill","wood or masonry drill bit (6 mm)","spirit level","hobby knife","hacksaw","awl","try square","screwdriver","tape measure ","file",""],"positie":0,"introductie_image":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/Verticale-zonwering_02_1.png","introductie_image_title":"Fitting vertical blinds","meta_title":"How to fit vertical blinds","meta_description":"If you have standard-size window frames you can probably find vertical blinds of the right width. But it\u2019s easy to adjust the width to the right size. ","meta_keywords":"blinds, vertical, fitting, vertical blinds, slats, how to","small_header_image":"","afbeelding_header":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/fitting_vertical_blinds.jpg","afbeelding_header_title":"How to fit vertical blinds","afbeelding_overzicht":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/fitting_vertical_blinds_cat.jpg","afbeelding_overzicht_title":"How to fit vertical blinds","gerelateerde_stappenplannen":",22,40,18,","gerelateerde_klustips":",17,8,47,","forceer_homepage":"nee","hits":"3","stap":[{"ID":"378","group_ID":"42","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Verticale-zonwering_01.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit vertical blinds - Choose the right place","titel":"Choose the right place","bericht":"

You can fit the vertical blinds in different ways depending on the available space and your own preference. By using separately available spacer brackets you can also fit the top rail of the blind free-standing at any desired height. Fit the blind at a suitable distance from the window frame to allow for the width of the slats, so they can open and close freely. Use the spacer brackets if the vertical blind isn’t fitted to the ceiling.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":378,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"379","group_ID":"42","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Verticale-zonwering_02.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit vertical blinds - Cut the rail to size ","titel":"Cut the rail to size ","bericht":"

If you need to shorten the rail, first of all loosen the end cap fixing screw and slide the end cap along the rail to just past your cutting line. Pull the cord tight and tighten the end cap fixing screw again. Position the runners so the slats will be evenly spaced when the blind is hung up. Saw the rail to the right width and file the edge smooth.
You need to remove one runner and slat for every 10 cm by which you reduce the width of the rail. Lift the end cap carefully with a screwdriver and slide the excess runners past it. Then click the first runner into place with the end cap.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":379,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"380","group_ID":"42","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Verticale-zonwering_03.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit vertical blinds - Fitting the rail directly to the ceiling","titel":"Fitting the rail directly to the ceiling","bericht":"

Hold the rail in place with the cord on the correct side. Mark the positions of the holes to be drilled through the predrilled holes in the rail. Drill the holes with a 6 masonry drill and insert the wall plugs. Then screw the rail in place so the head of the screw is recessed in the rail. You can also fit the rail to the ceiling using clips, which allow you to remove it easily later.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":380,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"381","group_ID":"42","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Verticale-zonwering_04.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit vertical blinds - Fitting the rail with brackets","titel":"Fitting the rail with brackets","bericht":"

Locate the position of the first bracket and mark the positions of the holes to be drilled. Drill the holes with a 6 mm masonry drill and insert the wall plugs. Screw the first bracket into place and partially tighten the fixing screws. Then fit the second bracket at the same distance from the other end of the rail. If you need a third bracket, fit it in the middle between the other two brackets.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":381,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"382","group_ID":"42","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Verticale-zonwering_05.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit vertical blinds - Fit the slats","titel":"Fit the slats","bericht":"

When you’ve mounted the rail you can fix the slats in place. Slide the metal hangers into the seams at the tops of the slats. Take the first slat and mark the required height by folding the bottom edge of the slat upwards. Allow a gap of 15 mm from the floor or window sill. Add 9 cm to the length of the slat above the fold line, and then cut off the rest of the slat.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":382,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"383","group_ID":"42","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Verticale-zonwering_06.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit vertical blinds - Fit the weights to the slats","titel":"Fit the weights to the slats","bericht":"

Different types of weights are available so the slats hang neatly by gravity. In the example below, you slide a plastic clip with small hooks over the lower end of the slat with the hooks facing upwards. Push about 3 cm of the material of the slat through the slot in the metal weight. Then rotate the weight upwards by 2 half turns. The weight is now entirely covered by the material. Finally, fit the plastic clip over the material and the weight.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":383,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"384","group_ID":"42","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Verticale-zonwering_07.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit vertical blinds - Connect the vertical blind slats","titel":"Connect the vertical blind slats","bericht":"

When everything is hanging correctly, fit the cord with the plastic rings to the hooks on the plastic clips. The cord is long enough for groups of 5 slats. The 6th slat is then the first of the next group of 5 slats. Cut off any excess cord.
It always takes a few days before the slats hang neatly in place, so any slight creases will disappear by themselves.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":384,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"385","group_ID":"42","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Verticale-zonwering_08.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fit vertical blinds - Fitting vertical blinds to a sloping window","titel":"Fitting vertical blinds to a sloping window","bericht":"

You can also fit vertical blinds to a window with a sloping top frame. The blind then has to be fitted so the slats slide towards the high side of the window when the blind is opened. For this reason it’s also best to fit the operating cord on that side. To allow each slat to be cut to the right length, you should leave small gaps between the right and left ends of the rail and the window frame. You can then adjust the height of the slats relative to the window sill by sliding the rail up or down slightly. When you’ve got the position of the rail right, you can fix the lower end in place so it can’t slide downwards.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":385,"extra_tips":"nee"}],"tip":[{"ID":"4452","group_ID":"stepbystep_42","tip":"

\tVertical blinds allow you to control the light entry and visibility from outside steplessly. When choosing the material, remember that aluminium slats can rattle when the window is open – so they aren’t the ideal choice for a bedroom. You can buy vertical blinds with the operating mechanism at the left, right or center.<\/p> ","tool_tip":"","conversie":",,","tip_afbeelding":""}],"tooltips":[]},{"ID":"43","group_ID":"1","category":",3,9,","titel":"How to replace a shower tap","vraag":"Replacing a shower tap","omschrijving":"

If your old shower tap needs to be replaced, it’s a simple job to do it yourself.<\/p> ","gereedschap":["adjustable wrench","allen key","water pump pliers","a piece of cloth and a floor cloth to mop up any spillage"],"positie":0,"introductie_image":"","introductie_image_title":"Replacing a shower tap","meta_title":"How to replace a shower tap","meta_description":"If your old shower tap needs to be replaced, it\u2019s a simple job to do it yourself. ","meta_keywords":"shower, tap, replace, replacement, how to","small_header_image":"","afbeelding_header":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/replacing_a_shower_tap_1.jpg","afbeelding_header_title":"How to replace a shower tap","afbeelding_overzicht":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/replacing_a_shower_tap_cat_1.jpg","afbeelding_overzicht_title":"How to replace a shower tap","gerelateerde_stappenplannen":",27,33,20,","gerelateerde_klustips":",15,26,58,","forceer_homepage":"nee","hits":"9","stap":[{"ID":"386","group_ID":"43","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Douchekraan_01.png","afbeelding_title":"How to replace a shower tap - Shut-off the water","titel":"Shut-off the water","bericht":"

First of all, shut off the main water supply valve. This is usually located just before the water meter. Then open the taps and wait until no more water comes out of them.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":386,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"387","group_ID":"43","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Douchekraan_02.png","afbeelding_title":"How to replace a shower tap - Remove the tap","titel":"Remove the tap","bericht":"

To remove the shower tap, first loosen both rosettes. Underneath these are the S-shaped pipe fittings. Loosen the securing nuts or rings and then you’ll be able to remove the old tap.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":387,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"388","group_ID":"43","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Douchekraan_03.png","afbeelding_title":"How to replace a shower tap - Fitting a two-pipe mixer tap","titel":"Fitting a two-pipe mixer tap","bericht":"

Shower taps are usually fixed to the wall at the two water pipes. The hot and cold pipes are usually 16 cm apart. You can correct this distance if necessary using the S-shaped pipe fittings.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":388,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"389","group_ID":"43","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Douchekraan_04.png","afbeelding_title":"How to replace a shower tap - S-shaped pipe fittings","titel":"S-shaped pipe fittings","bericht":"

Screw the S-shaped pipe fittings into the threaded ends of the water supply pipes and push the decorative rosettes over them. Then you can fit the shower tap to the S-shaped pipe fittings using the connecting nuts and sealing washers. Don’t forget to wind some Teflon tape around the screw threads (in the same direction as the nut when you tighten it).<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":389,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"390","group_ID":"43","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Douchekraan_05.png","afbeelding_title":"How to replace a shower tap - Tighten the tap without scratching it","titel":"Tighten the tap without scratching it","bericht":"

Using a wrench, firmly tighten the fixing nuts of the tap. Place a piece of cloth over the chrome of the nuts to avoid damaging them. Never undo a Teflon joint as this can cause it to leak. Open the main water supply valve and check for leaks.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":390,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"391","group_ID":"43","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Douchekraan_06.png","afbeelding_title":"How to replace a shower tap - Bath taps","titel":"Bath taps","bericht":"

Bath taps usually have a second connection to which a hand shower can be connected. These taps have a control knob to select the water flow direction – through the shower or into the bath. The position of the shower head can be adjusted on a riser rail.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":391,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"392","group_ID":"43","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Douchekraan_07.png","afbeelding_title":"How to replace a shower tap - Thermostatic tap","titel":"Thermostatic tap","bericht":"

These mixer taps can be preset to maintain a constant temperature, so they’re ideal for both shower and bath. They usually have a safety stop to prevent a water temperature of over 38°C from being selected. There are also models with an economy setting that reduces the water flow rate by 50%.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":392,"extra_tips":"nee"}],"tip":[{"ID":"4453","group_ID":"stepbystep_43","tip":"

It's worth considering how to save water right from the start - for example by fitting a low-flow shower head or taps with flow limiters. These can save a lot of water on an annual basis, and they're also good for the environment!<\/p> ","tool_tip":"","conversie":",,","tip_afbeelding":""}],"tooltips":[]},{"ID":"44","group_ID":"3","category":",10,9,","titel":"How to fix a sticking door or window","vraag":"Fixing a sticking door or window","omschrijving":"

Sticking doors or windows are a frequent complaint. The question is whether the door or window only sticks when the weather changes. Because in rainy weather the wood absorbs moisture, which makes it expand and can cause sticking. If the sticking is only slight you can just rub the area of the wood that’s sticking with the end of a candle, and the problem is solved. When the weather is dry again the wood will contract and you won’t be troubled by any more sticking. So you don’t need to start sanding and planing straight away.<\/p> ","gereedschap":["plane or wood file","sandpaper","electric drill","hammer","wood chisel","screwdriver","wood glue","saw","punch","G-clamps","screws","wood filler","2 component adhesive","angle brackets ","carpenter\u2019s ruler"],"positie":0,"introductie_image":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/Klemmende-deuren_01_1.png","introductie_image_title":"Fixing a sticking door or window","meta_title":"How to fix a sticking door or window","meta_description":"Sticking doors or windows are a frequent complaint. DIY 4 beginners helps you fixing a sticking door or window.","meta_keywords":"sticking, wood, windows, doors, window, door, fixing, how to","small_header_image":"","afbeelding_header":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/fixing_a_sticking_door_or_window.jpg","afbeelding_header_title":"How to fix a sticking door or window","afbeelding_overzicht":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/fixing_a_sticking_door_or_window_cat.jpg","afbeelding_overzicht_title":"How to fix a sticking door or window","gerelateerde_stappenplannen":",37,22,3,","gerelateerde_klustips":",33,46,47,","forceer_homepage":"nee","hits":"2","stap":[{"ID":"393","group_ID":"44","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Klemmende-deuren_01.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fix a sticking door or window - Hinges","titel":"Hinges","bericht":"

Both doors and windows can suffer from sticking. The solution is often the same in both cases, so for easier reading we’ll just talk about doors here.
First of all check if the door is sticking at the top or bottom. The hinge might be loose or a screw head may be sticking out, so that the door isn’t hanging perfectly straight. If you can’t tighten the hinges properly, or if the screw holes are too big, you can replace the screws by longer or thicker ones with the same size head, or you can fill the screw hole with a matchstick. It’s also possible that the hinges may be worn. So if you fit new hinges you’ll probably find the door hangs straight again.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":393,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"394","group_ID":"44","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Klemmende-deuren_02.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fix a sticking door or window - Corner joints","titel":"Corner joints","bericht":"

If the door sticks at the top, it isn’t always necessary to remove it. Sanding or planing away some of the wood is then often enough. You can also check if the door frame is still straight, and if the corner joints are still tight. It’s also possible that the lock or the strike plate on the door frame is sticking out a little. In that case, just make the recesses into which these components fit a bit deeper using a wood chisel.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":394,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"395","group_ID":"44","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Klemmende-deuren_03.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fix a sticking door or window - Adjusting the width","titel":"Adjusting the width","bericht":"

Normally there’s a gap of about 6 mm between the door and the frame. To check this, insert a strip of wood with a thickness of 6 mm between the door and the frame on the same side as the hinges. Then you’ll be able to see how big the gap really is. If the gap isn’t big enough, draw a pencil line along the frame on the lock side of the door. Place the door on trestles and carefully plane or sand the edge of the door to the right size along the pencil line. Finish the door edge with paint or varnish.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":395,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"396","group_ID":"44","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Klemmende-deuren_04.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fix a sticking door or window - Reducing the height","titel":"Reducing the height","bericht":"

If you’ve checked the hinges and joints and the door still sticks, the only solution is to saw or plane the height to the right size. Remove the door by tapping out the hinge pins using a hammer and a punch. Place the door against the frame on a wood strip with a thickness of 2 mm, and then check if the top and edges of the door are parallel with the frame and at an even distance from it. If that isn’t the case, mark out the places on the door where you need to plane or sand it down slightly.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":396,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"397","group_ID":"44","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Klemmende-deuren_05.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fix a sticking door or window - Fitting corner brackets","titel":"Fitting corner brackets","bericht":"

If the door itself has sagged so it’s no longer straight and square, you can reinforce it with corner brackets. Remove the door by tapping out the hinge pins using a hammer and a punch. Place the door against the frame on small wooden wedges and position it so that it is parallel with the frame and at right-angles to it. Assuming that the door frame is straight, you can now fit corner brackets to the door. Find the right positions for the 4 brackets and mark them out. Make the recesses for the brackets with a wood chisel or an electric router. Paint the brackets (if they are not galvanized) with corrosion-resistant paint. Fill the recesses with 2-component adhesive and fix the brackets in place with wood screws. After drying sand the areas around the brackets smooth, fill flush with the door surface using wood filler and finish with matching pain.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":397,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"398","group_ID":"44","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Klemmende-deuren_07_1.png","afbeelding_title":"How to fix a sticking door or window - Tips for fixing a sticking door or window","titel":"Tips for fixing a sticking door or window","bericht":"

• If the bottom of the door just sticks slightly, you can insert a piece of coarse sandpaper (if necessary on top of a plank or a wood strip of the right thickness) under the door. Then just open and close the door a few times over the sandpaper and it won’t stick any more.
• If you’re replacing the hinges of a door or window that opens outwards, you could consider fitting security hinges. These have a special ant-burglary pin, so even if burglars remove the hinge pin they still won’t be able to take the door or window out of the frame.<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":398,"extra_tips":"nee"}],"tip":[{"ID":"4468","group_ID":"stepbystep_44","tip":"

If the existing screw holes for the hinges are too big, you can fill them with matchsticks and wood glue. It’s also a good idea to use slightly longer screws.<\/p> ","tool_tip":"","conversie":"","tip_afbeelding":""}],"tooltips":[]},{"ID":"45","group_ID":"2","category":",15,","titel":"How to use different materials","vraag":"Using different materials ","omschrijving":"

You’ll find different materials, both natural and synthetic, when you’re building or working on DIY jobs. These materials have different characteristics, and they’re used for different purposes. They can be divided into four groups: wood, stone and ceramics, plastics and metals.<\/p> ","gereedschap":[],"positie":0,"introductie_image":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/Materiaaloverzicht-01_1.png","introductie_image_title":"Using different materials ","meta_title":"How to use different materials","meta_description":"You\u2019ll find different materials when you\u2019re building or working on DIY jobs. Materials have different characteristics and are used for multiple purposes. ","meta_keywords":"materials, diy, build, wood, stone, ceramics, plastics, metals, how to","small_header_image":"","afbeelding_header":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/using_different_materials.jpg","afbeelding_header_title":"How to use different materials","afbeelding_overzicht":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/images\/stappenplan\/using_different_materials_cat.jpg","afbeelding_overzicht_title":"How to use different materials","gerelateerde_stappenplannen":",47,52,50,","gerelateerde_klustips":",13,28,31,","forceer_homepage":"nee","hits":"3","stap":[{"ID":"399","group_ID":"45","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Materiaaloverzicht-01.png","afbeelding_title":"How to use different materials - Wood","titel":"Wood","bericht":"

Commonly used types of wood include deal, pine, oak, meranti and mahogany. Products made from these wood sorts include plywood and triplex, particle board and MDF, furniture panels, veneer, hardboard, laminate and softboard. All these wood-based materials are easy to work with and join. ‘Normal’ wood can be divided into hardwood and softwood. If you’re drilling in hardwood it’s a good idea to predrill the hole, to avoid unnecessary wear of the drill and breaking of screws.
A tree can be sawed in 5 ways:
1) Beam sawing
2) Double beam sawing
3) Offset beam sawing
4) Through & through sawing
5) Quarter sawing<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":399,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"400","group_ID":"45","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Materiaaloverzicht-02.png","afbeelding_title":"How to use different materials - Stone and ceramics","titel":"Stone and ceramics","bericht":"

Stone and ceramics can be subdivided as follows:
• Structural stone such as bricks, drainpipes, roofing tiles, wall tiles and chimney pipes
• Porcelain such as in kitchenware, floor tiles and wall tiles
• Fireproof materials for high temperatures such as firebricks, glass, cement and ceramics
• Glass such as that used for spectacles (eyeglasses), plate glass, windows, packaging glass, bottles, pressed and blown glass, kitchenware, glass-fiber, insulation and optical fiber
• Natural stones such as diamond, as well as synthetic abrasives for grinding, cutting, polishing or blasting of materials
• Cement and concrete for roads, bridges, buildings and dams<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":400,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"401","group_ID":"45","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Materiaaloverzicht-03.png","afbeelding_title":"How to use different materials - Plastics","titel":"Plastics","bericht":"

• Plastics shaped by molding or casting
• Polyethylene and nylon
• Elastomers or rubbers which can be shaped elastically. Their main characteristic is that they tend to return to their original shape after they have been subjected to force or heating<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":401,"extra_tips":"nee"},{"ID":"402","group_ID":"45","afbeelding":"http:\/\/www.diy4beginners.com\/upload\/Image\/Materiaaloverzicht-04.png","afbeelding_title":"How to use different materials - Metals","titel":"Metals","bericht":"

Commonly used metals for building and construction work are:
• Iron, steel and steel alloys such as cast iron; these are often used for building purposes and in other situations requiring high strength
• Aluminium; is often used because it is easy to shape, light, low-cost and can be recycled
• Copper and copper alloys; these are good conductors of electricity and heat, are tough and have good resistance to corrosion
• Titanium; is used for applications requiring high strength, resistance to high temperatures and high resistance to corrosion
• Nickel; has good resistance to corrosion and is ideal for use at very high temperatures<\/p> ","tip":"","tip_afbeelding":"","tip_afbeelding_title":"","positie":402,"extra_tips":"nee"}],"tip":[{"ID":"4454","group_ID":"stepbystep_45","tip":"

Corrosion is a chemical process in which oxygen and water come into contact with iron (rusting), aluminium (oxidation) or copper (green surface deposit). But corrosion also takes place when different metals are mixed. For example by using iron screws in aluminium. In cases like that it’s best to use stainless steel screws and to isolate the metals with nylon rings.<\/p> ","tool_tip":"","conversie":",,","tip_afbeelding":""}],"tooltips":[]},{"ID":"46","group_ID":"2","category":",15,","titel":"Drilling tools ","vraag":"Drilling tools ","omschrijving":"

If you want to hang something up or fix things together, you’ll often need to drill holes. Then it’s important to choose the right way to do it and the kind of drilling tools to use. In this article we’ll take a look at the different kinds of drills.<\/p>

Before you start…<\/strong>
Use good-quality tools, a sturdy step ladder or step stool and the right safety equipment such as sturdy shoes, safety glasses, working gloves and a dust mask. Replace worn tools in good time and use new plugs, screws, blades, drills and saws.

Ask yourself the following questions:<\/strong><\/p>